The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has announced its bi-monthly monetary policy. RBI governor Shaktikanta Das-led Monetary Policy Committee’s (MPC) review meeting. The meeting was held between August 4 and 6. The remaining will take place in October (6 to 8); December (6 to 8) and February (7 to 9, 2022).
This is the seventh time in a row that the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) has maintained the status quo. RBI had last revised its policy rate on May 22, 2020, in an off-policy cycle to perk up demand by cutting the interest rate to a historic low. Reserve Bank of India is vested with the responsibility of holding monetary policy under the RBI Act, 1934.
The Marginal Standing Facility (MSF) rate and bank rates remain unchanged:
- Policy Repo Rate: 4.00%
- Reverse Repo Rate: 3.35%
- Marginal Standing Facility Rate: 4.25%
- Bank Rate: 4.25%
- CRR: 4%
- SLR: 18.00%
RBI Monetary Policy Highlights & Key Decisions:
- RBI keeps the GDP growth forecast for FY22 unchanged at 9.5%.
- RBI to conduct two more auctions of ₹25,000 crores each on August 12 and August 26 under the G-sec Acquisition Programme (GSAP).
- CPI inflation is projected at 5.7 % during 2021-22 – this consists of 5.9% in Q2, 5.3% in Q3, and 5.8% in Q4 of 2021-22 with risks broadly balanced. CPI inflation for the first quarter of 2022-23 is projected at 5.1%.
The composition of the Monetary Policy Committee is as follows:
- Governor of the Reserve Bank of India – Chairperson, ex officio: Shri Shaktikanta Das.
- Deputy Governor of the Reserve Bank of India, in charge of Monetary Policy– Member, ex officio: Dr. Michael Debabrata Patra.
- One officer of the Reserve Bank of India to be nominated by the Central Board – Member, ex officio: Dr. Mridul K. Saggar.
- A professor at the Mumbai-based Indira Gandhi Institute of Developmental Research: Prof. Ashima Goyal.
- A professor of finance at the Indian Institute of Management in Ahmedabad: Prof. Jayanth R Varma.
- An agricultural economist and a senior adviser with the National Council of Applied Economic Research in New Delhi: Dr. Shashanka Bhide.
Some important instruments of Monetary Policy:
The RBI’s Monetary Policy has several direct and indirect instruments which are used for implementing the monetary policy. Some important instruments of Monetary Policy are as follows:
Repo Rate: It is the (fixed) interest rate at which banks can borrow overnight liquidity from the Reserve Bank of India against the collateral of government and other approved securities under the liquidity adjustment facility (LAF).
Reverse Repo Rate: It is the (fixed) interest rate at which the Reserve Bank of India can absorb liquidity from banks on an overnight basis, against the collateral of eligible government securities under the LAF.
Liquidity Adjustment Facility (LAF): The LAF has overnight as well as term repo auctions under it. The term repo helps in the development of the inter-bank term money market. This market sets the benchmarks for the pricing of loans and deposits. This helps in improving the transmission of monetary policy. As per the evolving market conditions, the Reserve Bank of India also conducts variable interest rate reverse repo auctions.
Marginal Standing Facility (MSF): MSF is a provision that enables the scheduled commercial banks to borrow an additional amount of overnight money from the Reserve Bank of India. Banks can do this by dipping into their Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR) portfolio up to a limit at a penal rate of interest. This helps the banks to sustain the unanticipated liquidity shocks faced by them.