Reasoning Ability Quiz For Bank Mains Exams 2021- 17th January

Directions (1-5): Read the following information carefully and answer the given questions.
Eight persons are sitting around a square table in such a way that four of them sit at four corners facing towards center, and rest four who sits at the middle of the side facing outside. All of them was born on different date starting from 21 to 28 of the same month of the same year. They learn different languages.
S sits third to the right of V and was born on 22nd. S face inside the center. Only two persons sit between U who learn Russian language and T who face inside the center. U is not an immediate neighbour of S. Q sits at the corner and learn Dutch language. Only two persons sit between Q and the one who was born in an odd numbered date which is greater than 24. The one who learn French is not an immediate neighbour of Q. V neither learn English nor Spanish language. R faces inside the center. The one who was born on 23 learn German and faces center. The one who learn Spanish was born on 25. The youngest person learn Hindi and P is not the second youngest person. P sits second to the left of W who learn French. The one who learn Swedish language sits second to the right of the one who learn English language. Q was born on the date which is an odd number. Neither R nor P learn English language. T is 2 days older than U. V is the youngest person.

Q1. Who among the following person sits immediate right of R?
(a) P
(b)the one who learn French
(c) Q
(d)the one who was born on 28th of the month
(e) None of these

Q2. Who among the following person learn Spanish?
(a) P
(b) T
(c) R
(d) U
(e) None of these

Q3. V learn which of the following language?
(a) Spanish
(b)Russian
(c)Hindi
(d)Dutch
(e)None of these

Q4. Who among the following was born on 23rd of the month?
(a)T
(b)P
(c)W
(d)R
(e)None of these

Q5. Who among the following sits third to the left of the one who learn Swedish?
(a)the one who learn Russian
(b)the one who was born on 28
(c)U
(d)the one who learn French
(e)None of these

Directions (6-8): In the following questions, the symbols #, &, @ and $ are used with the following meanings as illustrated below. Study the following information and answer the given questions:
Note: The directions which are given indicates exact directions.
P#Q – P is in the south direction of Q.
P@Q – P is in the north direction of Q.
P&Q – P is in the east direction of Q.
P$Q – P is in the west direction of Q.
P£QS- P is the mid-point of QS vertically.
Note- For southeast direction it used to be written as P#&Q and so on…
Point E is @10m of point B. Point C is $20m of point F. Point K is &15m of point B. Point G is $8m of point K. Point C is #30m of point L. Point G£LC. Point D is @7m of Point F.

Q6. What is the shortest distance and direction of point K with respect to C?
(a)20#@
(b)15$#
(c)17@&
(d)22&#
(e)None of these

Q7. What is the direction of point E with respect to F?
(a)E#&F
(b)E@#F
(c)E$#F
(d)E@$F
(e)None of these

Q8. What is the shortest distance between Point D to Point G?
(a)35
(b)5√13
(c)√24
(d)4√29
(e)None of these

Directions (9-10): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.
A person starts walking from point X in east direction after walk 12m he reached at point B. Then he takes a left turn and walks 5m to reach point C. From point C he takes two consecutive left turn and walks 6m and 2m respectively to reached at point E.

Q9. What is the shortest distance between point X to point C?
(a) 25m
(b) 13m
(c)20m
(d)17m
(e)None of these

Q10.What is the direction of point E with respect to point B?
(a) West
(b)North
(c)South-east
(d)North-west
(e)None of these

Directions (11-15): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.
A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.
Input: 30 update 56 record 27 economic 23 trending 20 power 15 approval.
Step I: 20 30 update 56 record economic 23 trending power 15 approval 27.
Step II: power 20 30 56 record economic 23 trending 15 approval 27 update.
Step III: 30 power 20 56 record economic trending 15 approval 27 update 23.
Step IV: record 30 power 20 56 trending 15 approval 27 update 23 economic.
Step V: 56 record 30 power 20 trending approval 27 update 23 economic 15.
Step VI: trending 56 record 30 power 20 27 update 23 economic 15 approval.
Step VI is the last step of the above arrangement.
As per the rules followed in the steps given above, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the given input.
Input: 48 opinion 66 gallery 89 injury 77 monsoon 22 decide 35 eclipse.

Q11. Which of the following element is 3rd to the right of the of the 5th from the left end in step III?
(a)eclipse
(b)35
(c)89
(d)decide
(e)None of these

Q12. What is the position of the word ‘monsoon’ in step IV?
(a) 3rd from right
(b)4th from right
(c)5th from left
(d)6th from left
(e)None of these

Q13. What is the sum of the element which is second from the left of the step II and Sixth from right in step IV?
(a) 75
(b) 57
(c) 60
(d) 34
(e) None of these

Q14. Which of the following element is exactly between ‘decide’ and ‘77’ in step V?
(a) Eclipse
(b) Monsoon
(c) 89
(d) Opinion
(e)None of these

Q15.Which of the following element is seventh from the right in step II?
(a) gallery
(b) 77
(c) injury
(d) monsoon
(e)None of these

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Solutions

Solution (11-15)
Sol. Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. As a first step lets first understand the logic behind the Output. If you will see the final output, you will observe the following:
(i) The words and numbers are arranged in alternatively in every step starting from the numbers.
(ii) Two words/number are arranged in each step. Even numbers are arranged at the leftmost end in increasing order (smallest number is arranged first followed by the next smaller number and so on) while the odd numbers are arranged at the rightmost end in decreasing order in each alternate step.
(iii) The words starting with a consonant is are arranged at the left most end in increasing alphabetical order (cold is arranged before delicate) while the words starting with a vowel are arranged at the rightmost end in decreasing alphabetical order in each step.
Input: 48 opinion 66 gallery 89 injury 77 monsoon 22 decide 35 eclipse.
Step I: 22 48 opinion 66 gallery injury 77monsoon decide 35 eclipse 89.
Step II: decide 22 48 66 gallery injury 77 monsoon 35 eclipse 89 opinion.
Step III: 48 decide 22 66 gallery injury monsoon 35 eclipse 89 opinion 77.
Step IV: gallery 48 decide 22 66 monsoon 35 eclipse 89 opinion 77 injury.
Step V: 66 gallery 48 decide 22 monsoon eclipse 89 opinion 77 injury 35.
Step VI: monsoon 66 gallery 48 decide 22 89 opinion 77 injury 35 eclipse.

S11. Ans.(b)

S12. Ans.(d)

S13. Ans.(b)

S14. Ans.(a)

S15. Ans.(c)

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