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# Reasoning Ability Quiz For IBPS SO Prelims 2022- 18th December

Direction (1-5): A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.

Input: stress 18 cream 36 74 towel 69 bed wax 27 45
Step I: 74 stress 18 cream 36 towel 69 wax 27 45 bed
Step II: 74 45 stress 18 36 towel 69 wax 27 bed cream
Step III: 74 45 36 18 towel 69 wax 27 bed cream stress
Step IV: 74 45 36 27 18 69 wax bed cream stress towel
Step V: 74 45 36 27 18 69 bed cream stress towel wax

And step V is the last step of the above input. As per the rules followed in the above step, find out the appropriate step for the given output.

Input: home 26 chair 48 53 alarm 62 goes sheet 90 89

Q1. Which of the following elements is in the exact middle in step I?
(a) Chair
(b) 53
(c) Goes
(d) Sheet
(e) 48

Q2. Which of the following is the step IV?
(a) 90 62 53 26 48 sheet 89 alarm chair goes home
(b) 90 53 62 26 48 sheet 89 alarm chair goes home
(c) 90 53 62 26 48 89 sheet alarm chair goes home
(d) 90 53 26 62 48 89 alarm chair sheet goes home
(e) None of these.

Q3. In which of the following steps, the elements “48 sheet 89” are found in the same order?
(a) Step I
(b) Step III
(c) Step IV
(d) Step III and Step IV
(e) None of the above

Q4. In step III, what is the difference between the fourth element from right end and the second element from left end?
(a) 30
(b) 28
(c) 27
(d) 25
(e) 37

Q5. Which of the following element is fourth from the right end in step V?
(a) Alarm
(b) 62
(c) 26
(d) Goes
(e) Chair

Directions (6-10): When a number arrangement machine is given an input line of numbers, it arranges them following a particular rule. The following is an illustration of an input and its rearrangement.

Input: 45 39 64 53 89 74
Step I: 90 78 192 106 178 222
Step II: 9 15 12 7 16 6
Step III: 16 15 12 9 7 6
Step IV: 8 7.5 6 4.5 3.5 3

Step IV, is the last step of the above arrangement as the intended arrangement is obtained.
As per the rules followed in the given steps find out the appropriate steps for the given input:

Input: 68 49 26 96 53 15

Q6. What is the sum of the numbers at both the ends in step III of the given arrangement?
(a) 28
(b) 30
(c) 21
(d) 25
(e) None of the above

Q7. Which element is 2nd to the right of the one which is 4th to the left element in step I?
(a) 204
(b) 30
(c) 288
(d) 106
(e) None of these

Q8. What is the products of the numbers which is 3rd from the left end in IV step and 2nd from the right end in III step of the given arrangement?
(a) 37
(b) 45
(c) 25
(d) 48
(e) none of these

Q9. What is the difference between the numbers which is second from the left end and third from the right end in step II?
(a) 1
(b) 8
(c) 10
(d) 12
(e) 15

Q10. What is the difference of digits of the number which is fourth from the right in step I?
(a) 7
(b) 22
(c) 13
(d) 12
(e) 1

Directions (11-13): In these questions, relationship between different elements is shown in the statements. These statements are followed by two conclusions. Mark answer as

Q11. Statement: A ≥ M ≥ N = G > K, H > R = O ≤ N
Conclusion: I. A ≥ O II. H > K
(a) If only conclusion II follows.
(b) If only conclusion I follows.
(c) If both conclusion I and conclusion II follow
(d) If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
(e) If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.

Q12. Statement: H ≥ R ≤ K > E ≤ S, E = D ≥ G
Conclusion: I. G ≥ R II. K > G
(a) If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
(b) If only conclusion I follows.
(c) If both conclusion I and conclusion II follow
(d) If only conclusion II follows.
(e) If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.

Q13. Statement: P < Q ≤ R = S, U ≥ R ≤ M ≤ G
Conclusion: I. U ≥ Q II. G ≥ S
(a) If only conclusion II follows.
(b) If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.
(c) If both conclusion I and conclusion II follow
(d) If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
(e) If only conclusion I follows.

Q14. Which alphabet is 3rd from the left in the meaningful four-letter word formed from the 1st, 2nd, 7th and 10th letter of the word PRODUCTION? If more than one word is formed, then mark answer as X and no meaningful word is formed then mark answer as Z.
(a) P
(b) Z
(c) R
(d) X
(e) U

Q15. If all the vowels of the word ‘VIOLENCE’ are replaced by its succeeding letter according to the English alphabet and all the consonant are replaced with their previous letter according to the English alphabet and then all the letters are arranged in the alphabetical order the how many letters are there between the third letter from the left and third letter from the right in the English alphabetic series?
(a) 5
(b) 6
(c) 2
(d) 10
(e) 4

Solutions

Solutions (1-5):
Sol. For Words: Words are arranged alphabetically from the right to the left according to the first letter in each word.
For Numbers: Numbers are arranged from the left to the right in increasing order according to the last digit of each number.

Input: home 26 chair 48 53 alarm 62 goes sheet 90 89
Step I: 90 home 26 chair 48 53 62 goes sheet 89 alarm
Step II: 90 62 home 26 48 53 goes sheet 89 alarm chair
Step III: 90 62 53 home 26 48 sheet 89 alarm chair goes
Step IV: 90 62 53 26 48 sheet 89 alarm chair goes home
Step V: 90 62 53 26 48 89 alarm chair goes home sheet

S1. Ans.(b)

S2. Ans.(a)

S3. Ans.(d)

S4. Ans.(c)

S5. Ans.(e)

Solution (6-10):
Sol. In this input output question only numbers is arranged in each step. Let us understand the logic behind it- In each step the numbers are arranged
In Step 1: all the even number (input) are multiplied with 3 and all the odd numbers are multiplied with 2.
Step 2: Addition of the digits with in the number.
Step 3: All number are arranged in descending order.
Step 4: The numbers in the previous step is divided by 2.

Input: 68 49 26 96 53 15
Step I: 204 98 78 288 106 30
Step II: 6 17 15 18 7 3
Step III: 18 17 15 7 6 3
Step IV: 9 8.5 7.5 3.5 3 2.5

S6. Ans. (c)

S7. Ans. (b)

S8. Ans. (b)

S9. Ans. (a)

S10. Ans. (e)

S11. Ans. (b)
Sol. I. A≥O(true) II. H>K(false)

S12. Ans. (d)
Sol. I. G≥R(false) II. K>G(true)

S13. Ans. (c)
Sol. I. U≥Q(true) II. G≥S(true)

S14. Ans. (b)

S15. Ans. (b)
Sol.

Original Word- VIOLENCE
Obtained word- U J P K F M B F
After arrangement- B F F J K M P U

#### Congratulations!

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