# Reasoning For BOB/IBPS Exams

We have started the 56 days Study Plan for IBPS PO Prelims.  This study plan is to efficiently utilise time and hard work to channelise it towards smart work. From now quizzes on Bankersadda will be according to the given study plan and this will help you prepare important topics in limited time.
Today is DAY 29 of the study plan and in Reasoning today’s chapter is Machine Input-Output.

Directions (1-5): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:
A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of an input and its rearrangement:
Input:  82 machine them 72 86 complete required 75 79 speak
Step I:  72 82 machine 86 complete required 75 79 speak them
Step II:  75 72 82 machine 86 complete required 79 them speak
Step III:  79 75 72 82 machine 86 complete them speak required
Step IV:  82 79 75 72 86 complete them speak required machine
Step V:  86 82 79 75 72 them speak required machine complete
And Step V is the last step of the above input. As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the given input:
Input:  word 51 above 49 21 report lock 32 from key 25 36

Q1. How many steps will be required to complete the given arrangement based on the given input?
(a) Seven
(b) Six
(c) Eight
(d) Five
(e) None of the above

Q2. What will be the position of ‘report’ in the last step?
(a) First from the left end
(b) Third from the right end
(c) Second from the left end
(d) First from the right end
(e) None of the above

Q3. How many words/numbers are there between ‘49’ and ‘word’ in the third step?
(a) Two
(b) Three
(c) Four
(d) One
(e) None of the above

Q4. Which element is exactly between ‘51’ and ‘word’ in the second-last step?
(a) word
(b) 51
(c) lock
(d) above
(e) None of the above

Q5. In which step are the elements ’51 above 49 from’ present in the same order?
(a) Third and fourth
(b) Fourth and fifth
(c) Fifth
(d) Sixth
(e) None of the above

Directions (6-10): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.
When a word and number arrangement machine is given an input live of words and numbers, it arranges them following a particular rule. The following is an illustration of an input and rearrangement. (All the numbers are two-digit numbers.)

Input: centre 24 actual 15 require impact 37 96 marine 49 unable 82
Step I: 24 centre actual 15 require impact 37 96 marine unable 82 49
Step II: 82 24 centre actual 15 require impact 96 marine unable 49 37
Step III: 96 82 24 centre actual require impact marine unable 49 37 15
Step IV: centre 96 82 24 actual require impact marine 49 37 15 unable
Step V: marine centre 96 82 24 actual require 49 37 15 unable impact
Step VI: require marine centre 96 82 24 49 37 15 unable impact actual
And step VI is the last step of the above arrangement as the intended arrangement is obtained.
As per the rules followed in the given steps, find out the appropriate steps for the given input.
Input: embark 53 place 16 65 salute obvious 42 achieve 71 heaven 98
Q6. Which element is fourth to the right of which is ninth from the right end in Step III of the given input?
(a) 16
(b) achieve
(c) 53
(d) salute
(e) obvious

Q7. Which element comes exactly between ‘16’ and ‘salute’ in step IV of the given Input?
(a) Both ‘obvious’ and ‘heaven’
(b) Only ‘achieve’
(c) Both ‘embark’ and ‘place’
(d) Only 65
(e) Only 71

Q8. If in step V, ‘16’ interchanges its position with ‘obvious’ and ‘heaven’ also interchanges its position with ‘65’ then which element will be fifth to the right of ‘42’?
(a) 16
(b) 65
(c) obvious
(d) 71
(e) heaven

Q9. Which of the following combinations represents the first two and the last two elements in step VI of the given input?
(a) salute, obvious, embark, place
(b) heaven, salute, achieve, obvious
(c) place, heaven, obvious, embark
(d) salute, place, embark, achieve
(e) embark, obvious, place, achieve

Q10. In which step are the elements ‘heaven 98 achieve 71, found in the same order?
(a) IV
(b) VI
(c) V
(d) III
(e) The given order of elements is not found in any step.

Directions (11-15): Study the given information carefully and answer the given questions:

When a word and number arrangement machine is given an input line of words and numbers, it arranges them following a particular rule. The following is an illustration of an input and rearrangement (All the number are two-digit numbers):
Input: garden there 32 28 flower 36 47 high 25 more
Step I: flower 32 garden there 28 36 47 high 25 more
Step II: flower 32 garden 25 there 28 36 47 high more
Step III: flower 32 garden 25 high 36 there 28 47 more
Step IV: flower 32 garden 25 high 36 more 28 there 47
And Step IV is the last step of the above arrangement as the intended arrangement is obtained.
As per the rules followed in the given steps, find out the appropriate steps for the given input.

Input: tiger 42 17 pure mute 52 65 day again now 37 41

Q11. How many steps will be required to complete the given input?
(a) Seven
(b) Five
(c) Six
(d) Four
(e) None of the above

Q12. What is the position of ‘mute’ with respect to ‘37’ in third step?
(a) Second to the left
(b) Sixth to the right
(c) Fifth to the right
(d) Seventh to the left
(e) None of the above

Q13. Which is the fourth element to the right of the fifth element from the left end in the fifth step?
(a) pure
(b) 37
(c) mute
(d) 17
(e) None of the above

Q14. How many elements are there between ‘now’ and ‘37’ in the second-last step?
(a) Two
(b) Three
(c) Four
(d) None
(e) None of the above
Q15. Step III of an input is given:
more 72 one 34 46 higher goal 20 put
Which of the following is definitely the input?
(a) goal more 72 46 higher 20 put one 34
(b) higher goal more 46 34 72 one 20 put
(c) one 34 46 higher goal 20 put more 72
(d) Can’t be determined

(e) None of the above