SBI Clerk Mains English Language Quiz- 25th July 2019

SBI Clerk Main 2019 English Language Quiz- 25th July

SBI Clerk Main English Language Quiz

Is your DREAM to get selected in SBI Clerk 2019 recruitment? Well, then you must speed up your preparation as the Main exam which is the final step towards selection will take place on 10th August. The English Language is one of the subjects you’ll need to deal with and to help you keep your preparation up to the mark, here we provide you with a questionnaire of English Language to crack SBI Clerk Main. For other subjects, you can check the Dream SBI Clerk Selection Study Plan.


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Directions (1-5): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions. 


The trouble started on May 4, 2004, only days after Google’s celebrated coming- out party. Geico, the giant automobile insurer, filed a lawsuit against the search engine for trademark infringement. The insurer claimed the Google’s advertising system unlawfully profited from trademarks that Geico owned. Since all of Google’s revenue and growth was from advertising, the disclosure of the lawsuit appeared ominous. "We are, and may be in the future, subject to intellectual property right claims, which are costly to defend, could require us to pay damages, and could limit our ability to use certain technologies," Google disclosed in public filing outlining potential risks. Abroad, where Google had promising growth prospects, similar court challenges also arose. "A court in France held us liable for allowing advertisers to select certain trademarked terms as keywords," the company declared. "We have appealed this decision. We were also subject to two lawsuits in Germany on similar matters.

To make matters worse, it turned out that prior to its IPO filing, Google had eased its trademark policy in the U.S., allowing companies to place ads even if they were pegged to terms trademarked and owned by others. That was a significant shift, and one, Google warned could increase the risk of lawsuits against the company. It was also a practice that Yahoo, its search engine rival, did not permit. Google claimed it made the policy change to serve users, but some financial analysts said it appeared designed to pump profits before the IPO.
And there was more. Competition form Yahoo and Microsoft posed a greater challenger to Google following the disclosure about its mammoth profitability. With so much money at stake, the intensity of the competition would heat up. Such competition might be good for computer users searching the Internet, but Google said it posed additional risk for potential shareholders. "If Microsoft or Yahoo are successful in providing similar or better Web search results compared to ours or leverage their platforms to make their Web search services easier to access than ours, we could experience a significant decline in user traffic," the company disclosed. In addition, Google warned that its momentum seemed unsustainable due to competition and "the inevitable decline in growth rates as our revenues increase to a higher level."
Then there was the question of Googles’s exclusive reliance on advertising, and one particular type of advertising, for all of its revenue. That was potentially quite one particular type of advertising, for all of its revenue. That was potentially quite problematic. If Yahoo or Microsoft gained ground on search, users could flock to their Web sites, and advertisers could follow, "The reduction in spending by; or loss of, advertisers could seriously harm our business," the company disclosed in its SEC filing.
In the beginning, the firm, earned all of its money from ads triggered by searches on Google.com. But now, most of its growth and half of its sales were coming primarily from the growing network of Web sites that displayed ads Google provided. This self-reinforcing network had a major stake in Google’s successful future. It gave the search engine, operating in the manner of a television network providing ads and programming to network affiliates, a sustainable competitive advantage. But there was a dark side there too, because of the substantial revenue firm a handful of Google partners, notably America Online and the search engine Ask Jeeves. If at any point they left Google and cut a deal with Microsoft or Yahoo, the lost revenue would be immense and difficult to replace. "If one or more of these key relationships is terminated or not renewed, and is not replaced with a comparable relationship, our business would be adversely affected," the company stated.
Google’s small, nonintrusive text ads were a big hit. But like major television and cable networks, which were hurt by innovations that enabled users to tune out commercials, the company faced the risk that users could simply turn ads off if new technologies emerged.
Going public also posed a potentially grave risk to Google’s culture. Life at the Googleplex was informal. Larry and Sergey knew many people by their first names and still signed off on many hires. With rapid growth and an initial public offering, more traditional management and systems would have to be implemented. No more off the shelf software to track revenue on the cheap. Now it was time for audits by major accounting firms. As Google’s head count and sales increased, keeping it running without destroying its culture was CEO Eric Schmidt’s biggest worry.
Google, the NOUN that became a verb, had built a franchise and a strong brand name with global recognition based entirely on word of mouth. Nothing like it had been done before on this scale. The Internet certainly helped. But Google’s profitability would erode if the company were forced to begin spending the customary sums of money on advertising and marketing to maintain the strength of its brand awareness. Marketing guru Peter Sealey said privately that the advice he gave Google to study consumer perception of the Google brand was rejected by the company and that they were unwilling to spend money on marketing.


Q1. Which of the following statement is true?



Google’s growing popularity has been a threat to other players operating in that market segment like Yahoo and Ask Jeeves, as Google eroded their market share.
According to Google its decision to considerably relax its industrial design policy in the US was geared to satisfy its clients.
One of the major challenges for Peter Sealey has been to expand the Google Empire while keeping its existing internal work culture intact.
Google’s business potential is likely to be threatened seriously if the accessibility and quality of the Web search offered by its competitors like Microsoft or Yahoo becomes superior than the same offered by it.
All of the above
Solution:
Refer the last few lines of fifth paragraph of the passage “. If at any point they left Google and cut a deal with Microsoft or Yahoo, the lost revenue would be immense and difficult to replace. "If one or more of these key relationships is terminated or not renewed, and is not replaced with a comparable relationship, our business would be adversely affected," the company stated.”
Q2. Which of the following Statement is false?
Google has been potentially vulnerable to external competition owing to its exclusive reliance on advertising for resource generation.
By writing the "the noun that became a verb", the author indicates the growing popularity of the search engine.
"Non-intrusive" in the current passage refers to the advertisement format that does not directly hamper or distract the flow of operation of the person working in the computer.
The legal dispute between Google and the automobile giant Geico during May 2004 centred on the advertising system and the trademark policy adopted by the latter.
None of the above
Solution:
Refer the second sentence of the first paragraph “Geico, the giant automobile insurer, filed a lawsuit against the search engine for trademark infringement.”
Q3. What conclusion can you form about ‘Altavista’ from the passage?

It has been a partner of Google.
It has been a Competitor of Google.
It cannot be concluded from the passage.
It was a partner of Google initially, but later emerged as a major competitor.
None of these
Solution:
Option (c) is correct as ‘Altavista’ is not mentioned in the passage. 
Q4. Which of the following sentence is false?

Google has not been keen to undertake any major analysis on the popular impression about the Google brand.
Google’s resolution to provide the search engine and programming to collaborators like America Online ensured significant revenue for bout sides involved.
Google’s perceived concern over Intellectual Property issues in the passage has been quoted from a confidential company report.
With increase in the volume of Google’s total annual revenue, it was anticipated by the management that the annual growth rate of their business may decline.
All of the above
Solution:
Refer the last few lines of first paragraph “A court in France held us liable for allowing advertisers to select certain trademarked terms as keywords," the company declared. "We have appealed this decision. We were also subject to two lawsuits in Germany on similar matters.”


Q5. Choose the word/group of words which is most SIMILAR in meaning to the word/group of words printed in bold as used in passage. 



    leverage

bereft
annex
Influence
abject
cussed
Solution:
Leverage means the power to influence a person or situation. Hence it has same meaning as influence.
Bereft means deprived of or lacking.
Clout means influence or power, especially in politics or business.
Abject means completely without pride or dignity; self-abasing.
Cussed means awkward; annoying.
Directions (6-15): In the passage given below there are blanks which are to be filled with the options given below. Find out the appropriate pair of words in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering the meaning of the statement. Both the words must fill the blank. 


Q6. India’s admittance into the Wassenaar Arrangement, a multilateral export control regime, as its 42nd participating member is a big step forward in its _______ (6) for formal acceptance as a responsible nuclear power. This has come a year after India made the _________ (7) for membership. As a non-signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), New Delhi has been at pains to ________ (8) to the international community that it adheres to, and is invested in, a rules-based order. The Wassenaar Arrangement was __________ (9) in 1996, and is clubbed with mechanisms such as the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) and the Australia Group. Its stated aim is “to _________ (10) to regional and international security and stability, by promoting transparency and greater responsibility in transfers of conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies, thus ____________ (11) destabilising accumulations.” India’s Wassenaar success at the Vienna plenary meeting last week __________ (12) a broad acceptance among its members of the country’s credentials as a fastidious adherent to export controls. It comes on the heels of membership last year of the MTCR. Ever since India _______ (13) the 123 Agreement in 2005, the underlying assumption was that the United States would ________ (14) chaperone New Delhi into global nuclear acceptability after it separated its civil and military nuclear programmes and plugged the loopholes to prevent diffusion of nuclear materials and technology in a way that is demonstrably in line with best____________(15) followed by the members of the NSG.



obtainment/ proceeding
aspiration/ hope
quest/ pursuit
obligation/ responsibility
achievement/ attainment
Solution:
‘quest/ pursuit’ is the correct choice that means a long or arduous search for something.
Q7. India’s admittance into the Wassenaar Arrangement, a multilateral export control regime, as its 42nd participating member is a big step forward in its _______ (6) for formal acceptance as a responsible nuclear power. This has come a year after India made the _________ (7) for membership. As a non-signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), New Delhi has been at pains to ________ (8) to the international community that it adheres to, and is invested in, a rules-based order. The Wassenaar Arrangement was __________ (9) in 1996, and is clubbed with mechanisms such as the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) and the Australia Group. Its stated aim is “to _________ (10) to regional and international security and stability, by promoting transparency and greater responsibility in transfers of conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies, thus ____________ (11) destabilising accumulations.” India’s Wassenaar success at the Vienna plenary meeting last week __________ (12) a broad acceptance among its members of the country’s credentials as a fastidious adherent to export controls. It comes on the heels of membership last year of the MTCR. Ever since India _______ (13) the 123 Agreement in 2005, the underlying assumption was that the United States would ________ (14) chaperone New Delhi into global nuclear acceptability after it separated its civil and military nuclear programmes and plugged the loopholes to prevent diffusion of nuclear materials and technology in a way that is demonstrably in line with best____________(15) followed by the members of the NSG.
request/ appeal
direction/ administration
instruction/ summon
survey/ analysis
investigation/ exploration
Solution:
‘request/ behest’ is the correct choice to be made.
Q8. India’s admittance into the Wassenaar Arrangement, a multilateral export control regime, as its 42nd participating member is a big step forward in its _______ (6) for formal acceptance as a responsible nuclear power. This has come a year after India made the _________ (7) for membership. As a non-signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), New Delhi has been at pains to ________ (8) to the international community that it adheres to, and is invested in, a rules-based order. The Wassenaar Arrangement was __________ (9) in 1996, and is clubbed with mechanisms such as the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) and the Australia Group. Its stated aim is “to _________ (10) to regional and international security and stability, by promoting transparency and greater responsibility in transfers of conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies, thus ____________ (11) destabilising accumulations.” India’s Wassenaar success at the Vienna plenary meeting last week __________ (12) a broad acceptance among its members of the country’s credentials as a fastidious adherent to export controls. It comes on the heels of membership last year of the MTCR. Ever since India _______ (13) the 123 Agreement in 2005, the underlying assumption was that the United States would ________ (14) chaperone New Delhi into global nuclear acceptability after it separated its civil and military nuclear programmes and plugged the loopholes to prevent diffusion of nuclear materials and technology in a way that is demonstrably in line with best____________(15) followed by the members of the NSG.
offer/ render
relent/ slacken
neglect/ evade
convey/ disclose
sustain/ encourage
Solution:
Option (d) best suits the purpose.
Relent means abandon or mitigate a severe or harsh attitude, especially by finally yielding to a request.
Q9. India’s admittance into the Wassenaar Arrangement, a multilateral export control regime, as its 42nd participating member is a big step forward in its _______ (6) for formal acceptance as a responsible nuclear power. This has come a year after India made the _________ (7) for membership. As a non-signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), New Delhi has been at pains to ________ (8) to the international community that it adheres to, and is invested in, a rules-based order. The Wassenaar Arrangement was __________ (9) in 1996, and is clubbed with mechanisms such as the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) and the Australia Group. Its stated aim is “to _________ (10) to regional and international security and stability, by promoting transparency and greater responsibility in transfers of conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies, thus ____________ (11) destabilising accumulations.” India’s Wassenaar success at the Vienna plenary meeting last week __________ (12) a broad acceptance among its members of the country’s credentials as a fastidious adherent to export controls. It comes on the heels of membership last year of the MTCR. Ever since India _______ (13) the 123 Agreement in 2005, the underlying assumption was that the United States would ________ (14) chaperone New Delhi into global nuclear acceptability after it separated its civil and military nuclear programmes and plugged the loopholes to prevent diffusion of nuclear materials and technology in a way that is demonstrably in line with best____________(15) followed by the members of the NSG.
impelled/ incited
supervened/ eventuated
envisioned/ envisaged
founded/ established
organized/ regulated
Solution:
‘founded/ established’ is the correct choice.
Q10. India’s admittance into the Wassenaar Arrangement, a multilateral export control regime, as its 42nd participating member is a big step forward in its _______ (6) for formal acceptance as a responsible nuclear power. This has come a year after India made the _________ (7) for membership. As a non-signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), New Delhi has been at pains to ________ (8) to the international community that it adheres to, and is invested in, a rules-based order. The Wassenaar Arrangement was __________ (9) in 1996, and is clubbed with mechanisms such as the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) and the Australia Group. Its stated aim is “to _________ (10) to regional and international security and stability, by promoting transparency and greater responsibility in transfers of conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies, thus ____________ (11) destabilising accumulations.” India’s Wassenaar success at the Vienna plenary meeting last week __________ (12) a broad acceptance among its members of the country’s credentials as a fastidious adherent to export controls. It comes on the heels of membership last year of the MTCR. Ever since India _______ (13) the 123 Agreement in 2005, the underlying assumption was that the United States would ________ (14) chaperone New Delhi into global nuclear acceptability after it separated its civil and military nuclear programmes and plugged the loopholes to prevent diffusion of nuclear materials and technology in a way that is demonstrably in line with best____________(15) followed by the members of the NSG.
conspire/ cooperate
collaborate/ consort
inflict/ impose
perform/ effectuate
contribute/ accord
Solution:
‘contribute/ accord’ best suits the purpose.
Q11. India’s admittance into the Wassenaar Arrangement, a multilateral export control regime, as its 42nd participating member is a big step forward in its _______ (6) for formal acceptance as a responsible nuclear power. This has come a year after India made the _________ (7) for membership. As a non-signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), New Delhi has been at pains to ________ (8) to the international community that it adheres to, and is invested in, a rules-based order. The Wassenaar Arrangement was __________ (9) in 1996, and is clubbed with mechanisms such as the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) and the Australia Group. Its stated aim is “to _________ (10) to regional and international security and stability, by promoting transparency and greater responsibility in transfers of conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies, thus ____________ (11) destabilising accumulations.” India’s Wassenaar success at the Vienna plenary meeting last week __________ (12) a broad acceptance among its members of the country’s credentials as a fastidious adherent to export controls. It comes on the heels of membership last year of the MTCR. Ever since India _______ (13) the 123 Agreement in 2005, the underlying assumption was that the United States would ________ (14) chaperone New Delhi into global nuclear acceptability after it separated its civil and military nuclear programmes and plugged the loopholes to prevent diffusion of nuclear materials and technology in a way that is demonstrably in line with best____________(15) followed by the members of the NSG.
ruining/ ravaging
frustrating/ diverting
preventing/ averting
encouraging/ facilitating
disappointing/ restricting
Solution:
‘preventing/ averting’ is the most appropriate choice among all.
Q12. India’s admittance into the Wassenaar Arrangement, a multilateral export control regime, as its 42nd participating member is a big step forward in its _______ (6) for formal acceptance as a responsible nuclear power. This has come a year after India made the _________ (7) for membership. As a non-signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), New Delhi has been at pains to ________ (8) to the international community that it adheres to, and is invested in, a rules-based order. The Wassenaar Arrangement was __________ (9) in 1996, and is clubbed with mechanisms such as the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) and the Australia Group. Its stated aim is “to _________ (10) to regional and international security and stability, by promoting transparency and greater responsibility in transfers of conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies, thus ____________ (11) destabilising accumulations.” India’s Wassenaar success at the Vienna plenary meeting last week __________ (12) a broad acceptance among its members of the country’s credentials as a fastidious adherent to export controls. It comes on the heels of membership last year of the MTCR. Ever since India _______ (13) the 123 Agreement in 2005, the underlying assumption was that the United States would ________ (14) chaperone New Delhi into global nuclear acceptability after it separated its civil and military nuclear programmes and plugged the loopholes to prevent diffusion of nuclear materials and technology in a way that is demonstrably in line with best____________(15) followed by the members of the NSG.
judges/ infers
gathers/ converges
holds/ supports
presumes/ expects
attempts/ seeks
Solution:
Option (d) best suits the purpose.
Q13. India’s admittance into the Wassenaar Arrangement, a multilateral export control regime, as its 42nd participating member is a big step forward in its _______ (6) for formal acceptance as a responsible nuclear power. This has come a year after India made the _________ (7) for membership. As a non-signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), New Delhi has been at pains to ________ (8) to the international community that it adheres to, and is invested in, a rules-based order. The Wassenaar Arrangement was __________ (9) in 1996, and is clubbed with mechanisms such as the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) and the Australia Group. Its stated aim is “to _________ (10) to regional and international security and stability, by promoting transparency and greater responsibility in transfers of conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies, thus ____________ (11) destabilising accumulations.” India’s Wassenaar success at the Vienna plenary meeting last week __________ (12) a broad acceptance among its members of the country’s credentials as a fastidious adherent to export controls. It comes on the heels of membership last year of the MTCR. Ever since India _______ (13) the 123 Agreement in 2005, the underlying assumption was that the United States would ________ (14) chaperone New Delhi into global nuclear acceptability after it separated its civil and military nuclear programmes and plugged the loopholes to prevent diffusion of nuclear materials and technology in a way that is demonstrably in line with best____________(15) followed by the members of the NSG.
arrogated/ seized
signed/ ratified
adopted/ affected
selected/ determined
operated/ utilized
Solution:
‘signed/ ratified’ is the correct choice to be made.
Q14. India’s admittance into the Wassenaar Arrangement, a multilateral export control regime, as its 42nd participating member is a big step forward in its _______ (6) for formal acceptance as a responsible nuclear power. This has come a year after India made the _________ (7) for membership. As a non-signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), New Delhi has been at pains to ________ (8) to the international community that it adheres to, and is invested in, a rules-based order. The Wassenaar Arrangement was __________ (9) in 1996, and is clubbed with mechanisms such as the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) and the Australia Group. Its stated aim is “to _________ (10) to regional and international security and stability, by promoting transparency and greater responsibility in transfers of conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies, thus ____________ (11) destabilising accumulations.” India’s Wassenaar success at the Vienna plenary meeting last week __________ (12) a broad acceptance among its members of the country’s credentials as a fastidious adherent to export controls. It comes on the heels of membership last year of the MTCR. Ever since India _______ (13) the 123 Agreement in 2005, the underlying assumption was that the United States would ________ (14) chaperone New Delhi into global nuclear acceptability after it separated its civil and military nuclear programmes and plugged the loopholes to prevent diffusion of nuclear materials and technology in a way that is demonstrably in line with best____________(15) followed by the members of the NSG.
instructing/ commanding
help/ assist
benefitting/ leading
informing/ notifying
alleviating/ removing
Solution:
‘help/ assist’ is the correct choice to be made.
Q15. India’s admittance into the Wassenaar Arrangement, a multilateral export control regime, as its 42nd participating member is a big step forward in its _______ (6) for formal acceptance as a responsible nuclear power. This has come a year after India made the _________ (7) for membership. As a non-signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), New Delhi has been at pains to ________ (8) to the international community that it adheres to, and is invested in, a rules-based order. The Wassenaar Arrangement was __________ (9) in 1996, and is clubbed with mechanisms such as the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) and the Australia Group. Its stated aim is “to _________ (10) to regional and international security and stability, by promoting transparency and greater responsibility in transfers of conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies, thus ____________ (11) destabilising accumulations.” India’s Wassenaar success at the Vienna plenary meeting last week __________ (12) a broad acceptance among its members of the country’s credentials as a fastidious adherent to export controls. It comes on the heels of membership last year of the MTCR. Ever since India _______ (13) the 123 Agreement in 2005, the underlying assumption was that the United States would ________ (14) chaperone New Delhi into global nuclear acceptability after it separated its civil and military nuclear programmes and plugged the loopholes to prevent diffusion of nuclear materials and technology in a way that is demonstrably in line with best____________(15) followed by the members of the NSG.
practices/ actions
development/ procurement
operation/ response
utilization/ purpose
allowances/ wages
Solution:
option (a) is the most appropriate choice among all other options.
               



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