SBI PO Main English Language Quiz- 26th June 2019

sbi-po-main-english-miscellaneous-quiz

SBI PO Main- English Miscellaneous Quiz

State bank of India’s probationary Officer’s prelims was held on the 8th and 9th of June. Students gave the exam with great enthusiasm and we also hope that you have done well. Prelims will be followed by the mains, and the date is already scheduled for 20 July this year. We know you all are full of optimism and expect your name in the cut-off list of prelims. Here is a quiz on English Language being provided by Adda247 for free to let you practice the best of latest pattern English Questions for SBI PO Examination 2019-20 so that you can make sure that this year’s PO is in your pocket. With this, we wish you all the very best for the results of prelims. Keep the preparation engines running.




Directions (1-5): Select the phrase/connector (STARTERS) from the given three options which can be used to form a single sentence from the two sentences given below, implying the same meaning as expressed in the statement sentences. 


Q1.
(I) There has been a legacy of stock market scams through the 1990s. 



(II) Capital markets regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India’s (Sebi’s) impulse has been to protect retail investors at all cost. 
(i) Owing to a legacy… 
(ii) Taking into account a legacy… 
(iii) Considering a legacy of…
Only (III)
Only (I)
Both (II) and (III)
All (I), (II) and (III)
None of these
Solution:
All the three starters can be used to frame a meaningful sentence without altering the intended meaning of the given sentences. Hence option (e) is the correct choice.
(i) “Owing to a legacy of stock market scams through the 1990s, capital markets regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India’s (Sebi’s) impulse has been to protect retail investors at all cost.”
(ii) “Taking into account a legacy of stock market scams through the 1990s, capital markets regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India’s (Sebi’s) impulse has been to protect retail investors at all cost.”
(iii) “Considering a legacy of stock market scams through the 1990s, capital markets regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India’s (Sebi’s) impulse has been to protect retail investors at all cost.”

Q2.
(I) Companies were providing more innovative benefits to attract employees. 
(II) Employees fell back on bouquets or fruit baskets when they went through a hard time. 
(i)Even though companies were… 
(ii) Despite the fact that companies… 
(iii) Regardless of employees felling back on…
Only (III)
Only (I)
Both (I) and (II)
All (I), (II) and (III)
None of these
Solution:
Both the starters (i) and (ii) can be used to frame a meaningful sentence without altering the exact meaning of the given sentences. However, it is not possible to construct a contextual sentence using the third starter as it would alter the intended meaning. Hence option (c) is the correct choice.
(i) “Even though companies were providing more innovative benefits to attract employees, they still fell back on bouquets or fruit baskets when workers went through a hard time”.
(ii) “Despite the fact that companies were providing more innovative benefits to attract employees, they still fell back on bouquets or fruit baskets when workers went through a hard time”.
Q3.
(I) You may prefer any kind of coffee to drink, including the likes of decaf or instant coffee, coffee-drinkers. 
(II) Coffee drinkers who seem addicted to drinking several cups of coffee a day fare better health-wise in the long run. 
(i) Regardless of the kind of coffee you prefer… 
(ii) Even though coffee drinkers who seem… 
(iii) Irrespective of the kind of…

Both (I) and (III)
Only (III)
Both (I) and (II)
All (I), (II) and (III)
None of these
Solution:
Both the starters (i) and (iii) can be used to frame a meaningful sentence without altering the exact meaning of the given sentences. However, it is not possible to construct a contextual sentence using the second starter as it would alter the intended meaning. Hence option (a) is the correct choice.
(i)” Regardless of the kind of coffee you prefer to drink, including the likes of decaf or instant coffee, coffee-drinkers who seem to be addicted to drinking several cups a day fare better health-wise in the long run.”
(iii) Irrespective of the kind of coffee you prefer to drink, including the likes of decaf or instant coffee, coffee-drinkers who seem to be addicted to drinking several cups a day fare better health-wise in the long run.”
Q4.
(I) Make in India exposed weak links in what passed off as manufacturing. 
(II) The technology shift from 3G to 4G caught the Indian manufacturers unprepared. 
(i) As long as the technology shift… 
(ii) While Make in India… 
(iii) Although Make in India exposed…

Both (I) and (III)
Only (III)
Both (II) and (III)
All (I), (II) and (III)
None of these
Solution:
Both the starters (ii) and (iii) can be used to frame a meaningful sentence without altering the exact meaning of the given sentences. However, it is not possible to construct a contextual sentence using the first starter as it would alter the intended meaning. Hence option (c) is the correct choice.
(ii) While Make in India exposed weak links in what passed off as manufacturing, the technology shift from 3G to 4G caught the Indian manufacturers unprepared.
 (iii) Although Make in India exposed weak links in what passed off as manufacturing, the technology shift from 3G to 4G caught the Indian manufacturers unprepared.
Q5.
(I) The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) strengthens creditors’ rights, which can go a long way in resolving the current bad loans crisis in banking. 
(II) It lends transparency and predictability to the resolution process itself. 
(i) The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) not only… 
(ii) Lending transparency and predictability… 
(iii) Along with strengthening creditors’ rights…
Both (II) and (III)
Only (III)
Both (I) and (III)
All (I), (II) and (III)
None of these
Solution:
Both the starters (i) and (iii) can be used to frame a meaningful sentence without altering the exact meaning of the given sentences. However, it is not possible to construct a contextual sentence using the second starter as it would alter the intended meaning. Hence option (a) is the correct choice.
(i) “The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) not only strengthens creditors’ rights, which can go a long way in resolving the current bad loans crisis in banking, but also lends transparency and predictability to the resolution process itself”.
(iii) “Along with strengthening creditors’ rights which can go a long way in resolving the current bad loans crisis in banking, the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code also lends transparency and predictability to the resolution process itself”.
Q6. In this question few sentences are provided. Identify and mark the sentence which may fail to become the part of the paragraph coherently. In questions where “none of these” is an option and all the sentences are meaningful and logical with the context of the paragraph mark (E) i.e., “none of these” as your answer choice.
State-sponsored Jewish immigration, the “law of return” applicable only to Jews, and the denial of the right to return to Palestinian refugees and their descendants were all products of this latter urge.
Israel has always struggled to present itself as a typical nation state that belongs to all Israelis regardless of race or religion but also as the homeland of the Jewish people no matter where they live.
The dilemma was exacerbated because of the continued occupation of Palestinian territories since 1967 that has led to official projections that soon there will be as many Arabs as Jews in the land between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea.
This will likely not merely impact their security as an ethnic group but also reduce the clout of the pro-Israel lobby in the American political system.
None of these
Solution:
The sentences can be sequenced as bac in the form of coherent paragraph as the paragraph is talking about Israel and its struggle to present itself as a typical nation state but the new law is a departure from the territorial principal and is likely to erode Israel’s legitimacy as a nation state. However sentence (d) refers about something that will impact their security and reduce the power of pro –Israel lobby in relation to American political system. This is not mentioned anywhere in the paragraph .Hence option (d) is the most appropriate choice.
Q7. In this question few sentences are provided. Identify and mark the sentence which may fail to become the part of the paragraph coherently. In questions where “none of these” is an option and all the sentences are meaningful and logical with the context of the paragraph mark (E) i.e., “none of these” as your answer choice.
The only constant is fast-changing consumer preferences, based on ease of experience, for which companies continuously compete.
The new big companies too may have uncertain and short lives, until replaced by others.
There is no fear of failure—global experience shows that around 90% of start-ups fail.
The last two or three decades of “disruptive innovations” have seen famous companies, like Kodak and dozens of other majors going under to become history, and the gale of new technologies sweeping aside many well-known giants.
None of these.
Solution:
The coherent paragraph can be formed from the given sentences in the form of dba as the paragraph is based upon the troublesome innovations at have happened in decades in famous companies and which have swept many other technology giants and only the consumer preference based on the ease of access is changing for which companies continuously compete. On the other hand sentence (c), refers about the fear of failure of the start-ups about which nothing has been mentioned in any line.
Q8. In this question few sentences are provided. Identify and mark the sentence which may fail to become the part of the paragraph coherently. In questions where “none of these” is an option and all the sentences are meaningful and logical with the context of the paragraph mark (E) i.e., “none of these” as your answer choice.
Banks had the lure of CASA deposits (current account and savings account), and assumed that since these funds remained constant in proportion over the longer term, it actually provided the asset liability management (ALM) congruence.
This led to higher exposures to infra project and other heavy investment projects, which got associated with non-performing assets (NPAs).
The proposed rule says that all such companies that have a rating of AA and above will perforce have to borrow 25% of incremental requirement from the bond market.
The Indian financial system has evolved over the last two decades or so, which involved the conversion of development finance institutions (DFIs) into universals banks.
None of these
Solution:
The sentences can be sequenced as dab except sentence (c) .All other sentences are based on the conversion of Indian finance institutions into universal banks and how banks had the lure of CASA deposits and they provided the ALM congruence which led to higher exposure to infra project which got associated with NPA’s. The sentence (c) refers about the proposed rule to be applicable on companies which imposes on them a necessity to borrow some percent of incremental requirement from the bond market while the reference about bond market has not been given anywhere in the given passage.
Q9. In this question few sentences are provided. Identify and mark the sentence which may fail to become the part of the paragraph coherently. In questions where “none of these” is an option and all the sentences are meaningful and logical with the context of the paragraph mark (E) i.e., “none of these” as your answer choice.
It is amusing to see that in a world where we know so much, where technology is so advanced that varied information is available to a person in split seconds, we still have not been able to discover the mystery of the human brain and what exactly is mind and its full effects on the body.
The paradigm shift towards treating psychiatry as an important and valuable field is slow, yet the tides are turning in its favor.
Most medical scientists and pharmaceutical companies are researching on the underlying pathology of mental diseases and treating it.
The problem is that this trend of over-specialization has led to an undetermined amount of doctors consulting on one patient case.
None of these
Solution:
The sequence of the paragraph after rearranging the coherent sentences is cba. The paragraph which is formed coherently is describing about the medical scientists and pharmaceutical companies and the underlying pathology of mental diseases and way of treating them. However sentence (d)
refers about ‘this’ trend of over specialization while over specialization has not even been mentioned in the paragraph anywhere which has led to an undetermined amount of doctors consulting on one patient case.
Q10. In this question few sentences are provided. Identify and mark the sentence which may fail to become the part of the paragraph coherently. In questions where “none of these” is an option and all the sentences are meaningful and logical with the context of the paragraph mark (E) i.e., “none of these” as your answer choice.
They file an online application, which would be reviewed by the facilitation councils, and is also visible to the concerned central ministries, state governments and central public sector enterprises (CPSEs) for proactive actions.
This facility is gradually gaining popularity, proving to be an asset for the aggrieved MSMEs.
The data in cases reported on the MSME Samadhan Portal can be seen in the accompanying table.
The ministry of MSME has launched a specialized portal for facilitating MSMEs to report cases of the delayed payment of bills to draw the attention of their buyers, the facilitation councils and the ministry of MSME.
None of these.
Solution:
All of the sentences are in contextual reference and they form a coherent paragraph i.e. dabc .The coherent paragraph is based on why timely payments to MSME’s are crucial. MSMEs have long been facing a problem of delayed realization of their bills and receivables, particularly from large corporate buyers and government organizations.
Directions (11-15): There are three sentences given in each question. Find the sentence(s) which is/are grammatically incorrect and mark your answer choosing the best possible alternative among the five options given below each question. If all the sentences are incorrect, choose (E) as your answer. 


Q11.
(I) The latest official consumer inflation numbers from Statistics South Africa shows that bread and cereal prices, as well as the price of fruit, fell by more 3% in the year to June. 



(II) Accreditation is an important tool for quality improvement in learning outcomes. 
(III) The present system of affiliation has had a restrictive effect on the quality of higher education.
Only (I)
Only (III)
Both (I) and (III)
Both (II) and (III)
None is correct
Solution:
Among the given sentences, Sentence (I) stands to be grammatically incorrect. To make the sentence correct replace “shows” by “show”, since the associated subject [official consumer inflation numbers] of the verb is plural in nature. Thus, to comply with the subject-verb agreement, the verb should be in its plural form [show]. Both the other sentences are grammatically correct and do not require any corrections, therefore, option (a) is the most suitable answer choice.

Q12.
(I) Existing literature models the spread of fake news in a social network in one of two ways. 
(II) From oral communication that connected men and women without any help from technology, we have moved over the millennia into the digital age. 
(III) It is a cluster of old-fashioned cottage in a unique position on the sides of a rocky cleft in the north coast; its main street resembles a staircase which descends 400 ft.
Only (I)
Only (III)
Both (I) and (III)
Both (II) and (III)
None is correct
Solution:
Among the given sentences, sentence (III) is grammatically incorrect. To make the sentence correct replace “cottage” by “cottages”, since the collective noun is formed with several individual objects. Therefore, since together they are more than one, “cottage” should be it its plural form. Both the other sentences are grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. Hence, option (b) is the most suitable answer choice.
Q13. (I) The public equities asset class has grown by leaps and bounds over the past decade. 
(II) The patient’s doctor would have all the patient’s clinical information in their own clinical software on the desktop. 
(III) Vaccine-related rebound effects are guiding research on other diseases, particularly malaria.
Only (I)
Only (III)
Both (I) and (III)
All are correct
None is correct
Solution:
All the given sentences are grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. Therefore, they do not require any corrections. Hence, option (d) becomes the most viable answer choice.
Q14.
(I) Its safe to say that both the awareness and appetite of the Indian retail investor has increased manifold. 
(II) Unfortunately, teacher’s unions have shown a blatant disregard for this duty of care, frequently engaging in union meetings and unplanned strikes during school hours 
(III) Congress belongs to each and every human beings of India irrespective of caste, creed, language, religion etc.
Only (I)
Only (III)
Both (I) and (III)
All are correct
None is correct
Solution:
Among the given sentences, none of them is grammatically correct. In sentence (I) ‘Its’ should be replaced with “It’s”, since It's is always the abbreviation of "it is" as in "It's (= it is) a nice day, isn't it?" ‘Its’ is the possessive of "it" as in, "That is Morton's puppy, but I don't know its name." In the second sentence, its means "belonging to it". In sentence (II), “teacher’s” should be replaced with “teachers’”, since, the possessive of a plural noun is formed by adding only an apostrophe when the noun ends in ‘s’, and by adding both an apostrophe and s when it ends in a letter other than ‘s’. Moreover, in sentence (III) “beings” should be replaced by “being”, since each one of and every one of are followed by a plural noun or pronoun. Hence, option (e) is the most viable answer choice.

Q15.
(I) Staff were reportedly told the business will make efforts to help out-of-work employees transition into possible employment with Coles 
(II) The yuan has depreciated by over 5% since the beginning of June and some people may be tempted to believe that China is doing this to undo the damage being done by Trump’s tariffs. 
(III) it is not simply the genes directly inherited from parents that influence child behaviour but also the family environment created by parents with certain genes.
Only (I)
Only (III)
Both (I) and (III)
All are correct
None is correct
Solution:
Among the given sentences, sentence (I) is grammatically incorrect. To make sentence (I) correct, replace “will” with ‘would’, as the reporting verb “told” is in the past tense. It is to be noted if reporting verb is in the past tense, then in reported speech of indirect narration, instead of “will” ‘would’ is used. Sentences (II) and (III) are grammatically correct. Therefore, option (a) is the most viable answer choice.
               



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