SBI PO Mains English Language Quiz- 15th July

SBI-PO-Main-English-Language-Quiz-15th-July-2019

SBI PO Main- English Miscellaneous Quiz

Students gave the SBI PO preliminary examinations with great enthusiasm and now are preparing for the mains, whose date is already scheduled for 20 July this year. Here is a quiz on the English Language, provided by Adda247 for free so that you can practice the best of the latest pattern of English Questions for SBI PO Examination 2019-20. With this, we wish you all the very best for the results of prelims. Keep the preparation engines running.


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Directions (1-5): There are sets of four statements in question given below which when connected using the correct sentence structure forms a single complete sentence without altering the meaning of the sentences given in the question. There are four options given below the question, choose the sentence that forms the correct formation of a single sentence which is both grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. If none follows, choose (E) as your answer. 


Q1. There will be much attention on how Nirmala Sitharaman will sustain the drive initiated by her predecessor; it was though toward the end of his second stint in South Block; the drive which was initiated to remove dead wood from the ordnance factories; the ordnance factories supply (in terms of volume) a large portion of the forces’ stores.



Much attention will focus on how Nirmala Sitharaman will sustain the drive initiated by her predecessor, albeit toward the end of his second stint in South Block, to remove dead wood from the ordnance factories which supply (in terms of volume) a large portion of the forces’ stores.
There will be much attention on how Nirmala Sitharaman will sustain the drive initiated by her predecessor to remove dead wood from the ordnance factories supply (in terms of volume) a large portion of the forces’ stores, though it was toward the end of his second stint in South Block.
Although it was toward the end of her second stint in South Block, there will be much attention on how Nirmala Sitharaman will sustain the drive initiated by her predecessor which was done to remove dead wood from the ordnance factories supplying (in terms of volume) a large portion of the forces’ stores.
Much attention will be focused on how Nirmala Sitharaman will sustain the drive initiated by her predecessor toward the end of his second stint in South Block to remove dead wood from the ordnance factories to supply (in terms of volume) a large portion of the forces’ stores.
None of the above is correct.
Solution:
Among the four options, sentences (b), (c) and (d) carry almost similar errors both grammatically and structurally. They form different meanings which are out of the context. However, sentence (a) adds meaning to the sentence as it follows the correct structure wherever required to bring out the grammatically correct sentence. Hence (a) is the correct choice.
Q2. The Ordnance Factory Board would take umbrage at its 40-odd units being dubbed “white elephants”; there is little need to go beyond a recent report of the Comptroller & Auditor General; it is to determine that their functioning is slothful; the combined effect of a virtual monopoly in production and a captive market.

The Ordnance Factory Board would take umbrage at its 40-odd units being dubbed “white elephants” though there was little need to go beyond a recent report of the Comptroller & Auditor General which determines that their functioning is slothful considering their combined effect of a virtual monopoly in production and a captive market.
With the combined effect of a virtual monopoly in production and a captive market, the Ordnance Factory Board would take umbrage at its 40-odd units being dubbed “white elephants” if there is little need to go beyond a recent report of the Comptroller & Auditor General which determines that their functioning is slothful.
The Ordnance Factory Board would take umbrage at its 40-odd units being dubbed “white elephants”, but there is little need to go beyond a recent report of the Comptroller & Auditor General to determine that their functioning is slothful, the combined effect of a virtual monopoly in production and a captive market.
While the Ordnance Factory Board would take umbrage at its 40-odd units being dubbed “white elephants”, there is little need to go beyond a recent report of the Comptroller & Auditor General who determines that their functioning is slothful, the combined effect of a virtual monopoly in production and a captive market.
None of the above is correct.
Solution:
All the sentences except (c) are incorrectly structured as they assign different meanings to the sentences so formed. The use of the connector “but” makes the sentence more meaningful whereas the other connectors make no real sense to the sentence. There are certain grammatical errors as well like the use of incorrect relative pronoun “who” in the sentence (d) and the use of incorrect verb “was” in the sentence (a). However, sentence (c) adds appropriate meaning to the sentence both grammatically and contextually. Hence (c) is the correct option.
Q3. Even earlier there had been reports from across the nation of unscrupulous agents extorting money for processing applications; the generation of fake numbers takes racketeering to an entirely different level; it makes a mockery of the claim that the data is protected; this could impact the case in the apex court questioning the validity of the project, which might also be impacted by the ruling on privacy being a fundamental right.

There had been reports from across the nation of unscrupulous agents extorting money for processing applications even earlier with the generation of fake numbers takes racketeering to an entirely different level making a mockery of the claim that the data is protected, while this could impact the case in the apex court questioning the validity of the project impacted by the ruling on privacy being a fundamental right.
While even earlier there had been reports from across the nation of unscrupulous agents extorting money for processing applications, the generation of fake numbers takes racketeering to an entirely different level, makes a mockery of the claim that the data is protected and this could impact the case in the apex court questioning the validity of the project, which might also be impacted by the ruling on privacy being a fundamental right.
Although the generation of fake numbers takes racketeering to an entirely different level, there have been reports from across the nation of unscrupulous agents extorting money for processing applications and making a mockery of the claim that the data is protected which may also impact the ruling on privacy being a fundamental right.
The project might also be impacted by the ruling on privacy being a fundamental right as earlier there were reports from across the nation of unscrupulous agents extorting money for processing applications and the generation of fake numbers taking racketeering to an entirely different level to make a mockery of the claim that the data was protected which could impact the case in the apex court questioning the validity of the project.
None of the above is correct.
Solution:
Among the given four options, elimination of incorrect sentences can be easily carried out based on their inappropriate grammar usage like in the case of options (c) and (d). Moreover, they have altered the basic and true meaning of the sentence as asked in the question. Similarly, option (a) is incorrect in sentence structure which deviates the meaning of the sentence. Thus options (a), (c) and (d) are inept to the required answer. However, sentence (b) depicts the correct grammar usage along with its sentence structure which adds meaning to the sentence so formed after their unison. Hence option (b) is the correct sentence regarding both grammar and context.
Q4. The Prime Minister has directed a series of meetings to arrest a palpable slow-down; the finance minister has initiated the process; it confirms that the government is concerned (belatedly, its critics would insist); it is not just because 2019 is beginning to show up on the political radar.

The Prime Minister had directed a series of meetings to arrest a palpable slow-down after the finance minister initiated the process which confirms that the government is concerned (belatedly, its critics would insist) as it is not just because 2019 is beginning to show up on the political radar.
As 2019 is beginning to show up on the political radar, the Prime Minister has directed a series of meetings to arrest a palpable slow-down after the finance minister has initiated the process to confirm that the government is concerned (belatedly, its critics would insist).
That the Prime Minister has directed a series of meetings to arrest a palpable slow-down, and the finance minister has initiated the process, confirms that the government is concerned (belatedly, its critics would insist) and not just because 2019 is beginning to show up on the political radar.
Confirming that the government is concerned (belatedly, its critics would insist), the Prime Minister has directed a series of meetings to arrest a palpable slow-down as the finance minister has initiated the process which is not because 2019 is beginning to show up on the political radar.
None of the above is correct.
Solution:
Read all the four statements given as the question; the statements require proper connectors to form a single complete sentence which makes sense. Among the four given options, sentences (a), (b) and (d) are grammatically and contextually incorrect. All these sentences have altered the actual meaning of the sentence. They infer vague and meaningless sentence. However, sentence (c) provides the most logical and contextual meaning of the sentence. It has used the correct and most suitable connectors to come out with a better meaning. Hence (c) is the correct option.
Q5. No details have been disclosed about the first meeting which Arun Jaitley had with ministerial colleagues and senior officials; reports suggest it covered a wide range of areas; the areas in which performance has not lived up to expectations; it includes the sluggish growth rate, the somewhat comatose manufacturing sector, failure to boost employment which has positive “triggers”, disappointing exports, limited spending on infrastructure, etc.

There have been no details disclosed about the first meeting which Arun Jaitley had with ministerial colleagues and senior officials suggesting it covers a wide range of areas where performance has not lived up to expectations that included the sluggish growth rate, the somewhat comatose manufacturing sector, failure to boost employment which has positive “triggers”, disappointing exports, limited spending on infrastructure etc.
With no details disclosed about the first meeting in which Arun Jaitley met with ministerial colleagues and senior officials suggesting the reports that it covered a wide range of areas including the areas which had not never lived up to expectations like the sluggish growth rate, the somewhat comatose manufacturing sector, failure to boost employment which has positive “triggers”, disappointing exports, limited spending on infrastructure etc.
The sluggish growth rate, the somewhat comatose manufacturing sector, failure to boost employment which has positive “triggers”, disappointing exports, limited spending on infrastructure etc. were some of the areas where performance is yet to live up to expectations as it is suggested by a report that there had been no details disclosed about the first meeting which Arun Jaitley had with ministerial colleagues and senior officials.
While there have no details been disclosed about the first meeting which Arun Jaitley had with ministerial colleagues and senior officials, reports suggest it covered a wide range of areas in which performance has not lived up to expectations, like the sluggish growth rate, the somewhat comatose manufacturing sector, failure to boost employment which has positive “triggers”, disappointing exports, limited spending on infrastructure, etc.
None of the above is correct.
Solution:
All the options except (d) give different meanings to the sentences given to the question. They are not properly integrated to come out with the most logical order and meaning of the sentence as has been the case with the sentence (d). Moreover, there are certain grammatical errors in each of these sentences which make the meaning more perplexing. In the case of the sentence (d), the use of the connector “While” adds the perfect meaning to the sentence which correctly describes the theme. Hence only option (d) forms a sentence which is both grammatically correct and contextually meaningful.
Directions (6-10): In each of the given questions an inference is given in bold which is then followed by three paragraphs. You have to find the paragraph(s) from where it is inferred. Choose the option with the best possible outcome as your choice. 


Q6. Regionalism is a subset of nationalism. 



 (1)The term regionalism at national level refers to a process in which sub-state actors become increasingly powerful. Power devolves from the central level to regional governments. These are the regions of the country, distinguished by culture, language and other socio-cultural factors.
 (2)Rather than subscribing to the ‘new regionalism,’ developing countries may examine other areas of cooperation with partners in the same geographical region and at a similar level of economic development, in a spirit of true regionalism which could help strengthen their strategies for national development and integration into the global economy.
 (3)Regionalism has overtaken nationalism in States like Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu and the Punjab, where the strength of national parties has diminished. The growth of unhealthy regionalism is in no small part due to an unethical rivalry between the two national parties — the Congress and the BJP — one that has undermined the principle of good governance and national welfare.

Only (1)
Only (2)
Only (3)
Both (1) and (3)
All (1), (2) and (3)
Solution:
Passage (1) explains the term regionalism at the national level and its importance in reference to the idea of nationalism while Passage (3) talks about the growing influence of regionalism over nationalism in the country as it can be inferred from the examples of different regional states provided in the paragraph. Thus both the statements infer the same theme, i.e. “Regionalism is a subset of nationalism.” Whereas passage (2) describes the regionalism in a broader sense as it talks about economic development by integrating economy of a developing nation with economies of other nations in the region to reap the benefits of global economy. Thus the paragraph is not in context with the required inference. Hence (d) is the correct option.
Q7. The imperativeness of virtual safety is paramount in today's world. 
 (1)One of the most problematic elements of cyber security is the quickly and constantly evolving nature of security risks. The traditional approach has been to focus most resources on the most crucial system components and protect against the biggest known threats, which necessitated leaving some less important system components undefended and some less dangerous risks not protected against. Such an approach is insufficient in the current environment.
 (2)Effective network security targets a variety of threats and stops them from entering or spreading on the network. Network security components include: a) Anti-virus and anti-spyware, b) Firewall, to block unauthorized access to your network.
 (3)A fixed-length hash value is computed as per the plain text that makes it impossible for the contents of the plain text to be recovered. Hash functions are also used by many operating systems to encrypt passwords.

Only (1)
Only (2)
Both (1) and (2)
Both (1) and (3)
All (1), (2) and (3)
Solution:
Passage (1) deals with the importance and the need of cyber security in mitigating the rising virtual threats in the current world. Similarly, passage (2) comes out with the effectiveness of cyber security mechanisms which is the need of the hour. It is to be noted that the inference so generated from both the paragraphs tally with the given statement. Whereas passage (3) talks about hash functions that can be used to encrypt secured passwords and thus it is totally out of context and in contrast to the required inference. Hence (c) is the correct choice.
Q8. Bad loans are crippling the Indian economy. 
 (1)One of the major factors that facilitated Kamco’s success was the existence of political will backed by a strong public interest in ensuring the right usage of public funds. India’s government to has demonstrated its political will for resolving the NPA crisis by putting in place a bankruptcy law. It must now follow up with reforms that address the imperfections in the market for distressed assets.
 (2)In a bid to bring down the large pile of bad loans on its books, state-run lender Bank of India has put a large portfolio of non-performing assets on sale. Remember, the bank's gross NPAs stood at over 13 percent of its book at the end of the June quarter.
 (3)As India’s bankruptcy courts seek to resolve Rs 8 lakh crore worth of loan defaults, choking the banking system, it is clear that banks played a crucial role in the crisis by propping up ailing companies with fresh loans, even as firms struggled to repay old debts.

Only (2)
Only (3)
Both (1) and (2)
Both (1) and (3)
All (1), (2) and (3)
Solution:
Passage (1) indicates that the problem of NPAs has already created unrest in the Indian economy which can well be inferred from the government’s decision to bring the bankruptcy law which further requires the aid in the form of better reforms in this sector to acknowledge the ailing economy of the country. Similarly, paragraph (3) have rightly pointed out to the disaster which is looming over the economy because of NPAs.
Q9. Technology and its access is a critical factor for diversified agriculture. 
 (1)Any industry grows when it adapts to a competitive environment. If farmers get market signals from the market about upcoming trends of demands of consumers, total supply in the economy , new technologies, export opportunities or import vulnerabilities, they will find out more profitable crops, technologies and will keenly adapt. Present system creates a glut in the market of particular crops.
 (2)The introduction of Agriculture Produce and Livestock Marketing Act (APML) 2017 may free both farmers and consumers from the core problem of price differences in different regions over different products. Higher market connectivity and free licensing mechanisms may prove to be highly responsive. Support of digital market tools like e-NAM (electronic national agriculture market) has though given some relief already.
 (3)One of the biggest roadblocks to the growth of Indian agriculture is the low levels of yields. The predominant causes of low productivity are poor access to irrigation facilities; use of low-quality seeds, low adoption of improved technology and lack of knowledge dissemination on improved agricultural practices. The challenge of small landholding size impacts diversification indices negatively.

Only (2)
Both (1) and (2)
Both (2) and (3)
Both (1) and (3)
All (1), (2) and (3)
Solution:
All the three paragraphs explain the problems that the Indian farmers are facing today along with the remedial measures that may help in diversifying the agricultural sector, especially the use of technology in agriculture can bring a revolution that would accelerate its growth. Thus all these factors comply with the required inference i.e. “Technology and its access is a critical factor for diversified agriculture.” Hence (e) is the correct option.
Q10. Sports injury may cause damage to a child's mental growth. 
 (1)Many papers have shown that all it takes for your child to suffer brain damage is just one concussion. But before your son suffers a concussion, there must have been hundreds if not thousands of sub-concussions while playing various sports. The damage is permanent because the brain does not have any ability to regenerate itself.
 (2)Concussions and TBI do real damage to the brain. Concussions and TBI occur when the brain suddenly shifts within the skull — usually as the result of a sudden blow, jolt or change of direction (e.g., whiplash). A football tackle, being hit with a baseball or softball, heading a soccer ball or tripping and falling are just a few of the athletic scenarios that can result in TBI. 
(3)Some experts warn parents that there could be potential dangers to having children specialize in one sport year-round at a young age because of the physical toll it can take on a young athlete’s body before he or she has matured.

Only (1)
Only (3)
Both (1) and (2)
Both (2) and (3)
All (1), (2) and (3)
Solution:
Passage (1) focuses on possible injuries that a child may suffer in sports, more specifically the brain damage that can cause severe mental disabilities and hamper one’s growth. Similarly, passage (2) describes the effects of concussions and TBI that can be fatal to one’s growth both physically and mentally. Thus both these paragraphs generate the same inference i.e. “Sports injury may cause damage to a child's mental growth.” Whereas, passage (3) talks about the same issue but it is to be noted that it focuses only on the physical strain that a child’s body undergoes before he/she attains maturity. Hence (c) is the correct option.
Directions (11-14): Each of the following questions has a paragraph from which last sentence has been deleted. From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way. 


Q11. In 2016-17 (as per data till 7 February), over 53% of total payments under MGNREGS have been delayed by 15 days or more. Although, this is lower than the share of payments delayed in 2014-15 and 2015-16, delayed payments have increased in comparison to 2012-13 and 2013-14. This is despite the Supreme Court asking the government to ensure prompt payments under the scheme in November 2015.



Though MGNREGS jobs are supposed to be made available all through the year, work under the scheme tends to wind down when monsoon sets in and farming activities begin.
A comparison of MGNREGS statistics for this period with previous years does not substantiate this claim in an unambiguous manner.
A lot of anecdotal accounts have suggested that workers who lost their jobs due to demonetisation induced slowdown started queuing up for MGNREGS jobs from November.
If potential job-seekers start believing that payments would be delayed, it is likely that they would not seek work under the scheme.
One of the major criticisms of the MGNREGS has been that it leads to wasteful expenditure because of lack of creation of productive assets.
Solution:
Option (d) is the correct choice for the given passage is talking about the delay in the payments of the MGNREGS and option (d) is just discussing this fact that how it is going to affect a potential job seeker. Option (c)is actually discussing that if demonetisation lead to a spike in demand for MGNREGS work which makes it incorrect.
Q12. It is the same for households. Across the world, it is a country’s middle class that has a multiplier effect on the economy. When they earn more, they tend to spend more, which boosts businesses, who in turn employ more people, who then start making money and spending it.
Therefore, India requires a growth boost in the short term.
This is where the government needs to focus on creating a stronger middle class and boosting domestic consumption.
It’s a virtuous cycle, and one that India needs.
This will put more cash in the hands of these businesses and households.
However, as the informal economy becomes formalized, growth in these sectors is expected to stabilize in the long run.
Solution:
Option (c) is correct choice as author is suggesting a need for a two – speed economy where if in a economy if a business is boosted it will help in reducing unemployment and in the next line which is option (c) he has called it a cycle.
Q13. Yet with all the talk of CPEC being a game-changer for the country, the Balochs are still left waiting on the sidelines. Worse, the division of CPEC benefits repeats a long-standing pattern where the people of Balochistan are not allowed to benefit from the province’s own advantages. Natural gas was discovered at Sui in Balochistan, yet major parts of the province are still deprived of natural gas. Now Balochistan’s beneficial geography – namely, Gwadar port – might be used to enrich other provinces. Pakistani authorities must ensure that CPEC doesn’t repeat the earlier injustice meted out to the native Balochs. Balochistan must get its fair share of the economic corridor.

These appalling statistics cut a sorry figure.
Predictably, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s remarks on Balochistan last year resulted in a lot of outcry in Pakistan.
Otherwise, faced with extreme poverty and disconsolate social indicators, the local people aren’t left with many options other than taking up arms.
Media coverage in the region should also be ramped up, rather than the current situation of reporters going missing from Balochistan.
None of these.
Solution:
Option (c) is the most suitable choice for the given question. Option (a) is talking about statistics while option (b) is talking about the remarks of Narendra Modi which can’t be a part of the paragraph as the last few lines are talking about the rights that Balochistan must get and only option (c) is talking about how they will be affected if they are deprived of it (rights).
Q14. To mitigate agricultural losses caused by a possible repeat of the 2016 double disaster – severe drought and inland salinity intrusion, remarkably exacerbated by Chinese dams – most of the disaster prone provinces of the Delta have begun to secure freshwater by all measures available to them. In many vulnerable communes in Hau Giang, Ben Tre, and Tien Giang provinces, farmers have used water tanks to collect rain-water and drilled wells to extract groundwater. They also have reduced the annual rice crop and switched to cash crops that require less water. Meanwhile, local authorities have been dredging canals and irrigation facilities and setting up fresh water pipeline networks in hotspots of drought.

The environmentalist and other local activists are deeply concerned that if China remains slow and reluctant to release adequate water throughout the period of low water
In addition, a number of temporary dams and desalination plants are being built in a hurry around the Delta to prevent saltwater from entering the major waterways.
The isle farmers’ enduring efforts to triumph over adversity finally paid off.
To boost economic growth, the provincial authorities have assertively revoked fertile agricultural land for private development projects.
In addition, Chinese dams on the Mekong’s upper reaches also trap as much as 80 percent of the sediment that reaches the region.
Solution:
Option (b) is correct as it is talking about the method to mitigate agricultural losses which is the theme of the passage while option (d) is talking specifically about economic growth through agriculture and option (c) says that their efforts are paid off which is very abrupt considering the context of the passage hence is incorrect.
Directions (15-15): Each of the following questions has a paragraph from which one sentence has been deleted. From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way. 


Q15. Ever since Penicillin was discovered by Alexander Fleming in 1929, an “antibiotic revolution” has been ushered in medicine with new antibiotics flooding the market every year. _________________.The only way in which antibiotic resistance can be prevented is not to use the antibiotic, which, of course, is not possible. Preventing resistance against Bedaquiline is a must, but the manner in which this is being done is impractical and undemocratic.



But there is hardly any antibiotic against which “no resistance” has been reported.
The rationing of Bedaquiline by the government on the fears of drug resistance is understandable.
If the priority is prevention of drug resistance, it could be attained by methods less draconian than controlling the availability of the drug.
A compassionate approach supplemented by scientific rationality is a must in promoting, not rationing, Bedaquiline therapy.
Restricting patients and means to treat them in specific regions is unprecedented.
Solution:
Before choosing any option, read the paragraph carefully. It talks about antibiotic resistance. The first sentence and the sentence following the blank space should tally with the required statement for the given space. Among five options, option (a) fits appropriately to the given blank space as it is the only option focusing on antibiotic resistance. Other options talk about either Bedaquiline therapy or drug resistance. Hence (a) is the correct choice.
               



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