Reasoning New Pattern Questions for SBI PO

Reasoning-qiuz-new-pattern-sbi-po
As we all know SBI PO is here and we are here to help you by providing daily night class quizzes on new pattern questions with different topics that will help you to go through this exam.
So, here we are with the Logical Reasoning.

Directions (1-3): In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between ‘strong’ arguments and ‘weak’ arguments. ‘Strong’ arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. ‘Weak’ arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question.
Each question below is followed by three arguments numbered (A), (B) and (C). You have to decide which of the arguments is a ‘strong’  argument and which is a ‘weak’ argument.

Q1. Statement: Should there be a cap on drawing ground water for irrigation purposes in India?
Arguments:
(A) No, irrigation is of prime importance for food production in India and it is heavily dependent on ground water in many parts of the country.
(B) Yes, water tables have gone down to alarmingly low levels in some parts of the country where irrigation is primarily dependent on groundwater, which may lead to serious environmental consequences.
(C) Yes, India just cannot afford to draw groundwater any further as the international agencies have cautioned India against it.
(a) Only (A) and (B) are strong
(b) Only (B) and (C) are strong
(c) Only (A) and (C) are strong
(d) All(A), (B) and (C) are strong
(e) None of these

Q2. Statement: Should there be a complete ban on setting up thermal power plants in India?
Arguments:
(A) Yes, this is the only way to arrest further addition to environmental pollution.
(B) No, there is a huge shortage of electricity in most parts of the country and hence generation of electricity needs to be augmented.
(C) No, many developed countries scontinue to set up thermal power plants in their countries.
(a) None is strong
(b) Only (A) is strong
(c) Only (B) is strong
(d) Only (C) is strong
(e) Only either (A) or (B) is strong

Q3. Statement: Should there be a restriction on the construction of high-rise buildings in big cities in India?
Arguments:
(A) No, big cities in India do not have adequate open land plots to accommodate the growing population.
(B) Yes, only the builders and developers benefit from the construction of high-rise buildings.
(C) Yes, the Govt. should first provide adequate infrastructural facilities to the existing buildings before allowing the construction of new high-rise buildings.
(a) Only (B) is strong
(b) Only (C) is strong
(c) Only (A) and (C) are strong
(d) Only (A) is strong
(e) None of these

Directions (4-6): In each question below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered (A), (B) and (C). A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow-up or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true,then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing. 

Q4. Statement: A heavy unseasonal downpour during the last two days has paralysed the normal life in the state in which five persons were killed but this has provided a huge relief to the problem of acute water crisis in the state.
Courses of action:
(A) The state government should set up a committee to review the alarming situation.
(B) The state government should immediately remove all the restrictions on use of potable water in all the major cities in the state.
(C) The state government should send relief supplies to all the affected areas in the state.
(a) None
(b) Only (A)
(c) Only (B) and (C)
(d) Only (C)
(e) All (A),(B) and (C)

Q5. Statement: The school dropout rate in many districts in the state has increased sharply during the last few years as the parents of these children make them work in the fields owned by others to earn enough for them to get at least one meal a day.
Courses of action:
(A) The Govt. should put up a mechanism to provide foodgrains to the poor people in these districts through public distribution system to encourage the parents to send their wards to school.
(B) The Govt should close down some of these schools in the district and deploy the teachers of these schools to nearby schools and also ask remaining students to join these schools.
(C) Govt. should issue arrest warrants for all the parents who force their children to work in fields instead of attending classes.
(a) Only (A) 
(b) Only (B)
(c) Only (C)
(d) Only (A) and (B)
(e) None of these

Q6. Statement: One aspirant was killed due to stampede while participating in a recruitment drive of police constables.
Courses of action:
(A) The officials in charge of the recruitment process should immediately be suspended.
(B) A team of officials should be asked to find out the circumstances which led to the death of the aspirant and submit its report within a week.
(C) The Govt. should ask the home department to stagger the number of aspirants over more number of days to avoid such incidents in future.
(a) Only (A)
(b) Only (B)
(c) Only (C)
(d) Only (B) and (C)
(e) None of these

Directions (7-9): In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
Given answer
(a) if only Assumption I is implicit.
(b) if only Assumption II is implicit.
(c) if either assumption I or Assumption II is implicit.
(d) if neither Assumption I nor Assumption II is implicit.
(e) if both Assumptions I and II are implicit.

Q7. Statement: The highway police authority put up large boards at regular intervals indicating the speed limit and dangers of over-speeding on the highways.
Assumptions: 
I. Most of the motorists may drive their vehicles within the speed limit on the highways.
II. Motorists generally ignore such cautions and over-speed on the highways.

Q8. Statement: The sarpanch of the village called a meeting of all the heads of the families to discuss the problem of acute shortage of drinking water in the village.
Assumptions: 
I. The sarpanch had earlier called such meetings to discuss about various problems.
II. Most of the heads of families may attend the meeting called by the sarpanch.

Q9. Statement: The municipal corporation advised all the people living in the shanties along the beaches to move to higher places during monsoon.
Assumptions: 
I. Many people living in the shanties may leave the city and relocate themselves elsewhere in the state.
II. Majority of the people living in the shanties along the beach may try to relocate to higher places during monsoon.

Directions (10-12): Below in each question are given two statements (A) and (B). These statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes or of a common cause. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statement. Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choices correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements.
Mark answer
(a) if statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.
(b) if statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.
(c) if both the statement (A) and (B) are independent causes.
(d) if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.
(e) if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of some common cause.

Q10. A. State Govt has ordered immediate ban on airing of certain movie channels on television.
B. A few social activists have come together and demanded ban on telecasting ‘Adult’ movies on television.

Q11. A. Government has tightened security checks at all important places and also at various public places.
B. Incidences of terrorist attacks are increasing day by day.

Q12. A. There is an outbreak of several epidemics in the country.
B. There was a worst flood situation ever experienced in the past in most parts of the country.

Q13. The condition of the roads in the city has deteriorated considerably during the first two months of monsoon and most of the roads have developed big potholes. 
Which of the following can be a possible effect of the above cause?
(a) The municipal corporation had repaired all the roads in the city before the onset of monsoon with good quality material.
(b) A large number of people have developed spine-related injuries after regularly commuting long distances by road within the city.
(c) The municipal corporation has been careful in choosing the contractors for repairing roads in the past.
(d) People always complain about potholed roads during the monsoon months.
(e) None of these

Q14. It has been reported in many leading newspapers that the current year’s monsoon may be below the expected level as many parts of the country are still not getting adequate rainfall.
Which of the following can be a possible fallout of the above situation?
(a) People from those affected areas with less rainfall may migrate to urban areas.
(b) Govt. may announce ex gratia payment to all the farmers affected in these areas.
(c) Govt. may declare these areas as drought-affected.
(d) People may blame the govt. and agitate for not getting adequate water for cultivation.
(e) None of these

Q15. A few travelers were severely beaten up by villagers recently in a remote rural part of the state as the villagers found the movement of the travelers suspicious. The district authority has sent a police team to nab the culprits. 
Which of the following inferences can be drawn from the above statement? (An inference is something which is not directly stated but can be inferred from the given facts.)
(a) The villagers dislike the presence of strangers in their vicinity.
(b) Villagers are generally suspicious in nature.
(c) Travellers prefer to visit countryside.
(d) The govt. generally provides protection to travelers across the country.
(e) None of these





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