English Language Quiz For IBPS PO Mains: 15th November

Dear Aspirants,

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English Language Quiz For IBPS PO

IBPS PO Prelims and exam result is out. Now the next step is to clear the Mains examination. Thus, the English Language can be an impetus for your success by saving time and scoring well. So, instead of boiling the ocean, try building up a strong vocabulary, an effective knowledge of grammar, and efficient comprehension skills so as to be on the ball to face this particular section. Here is a quiz on English Language being provided by Adda247 to let you practice the best of latest pattern English Questions for upcoming IBPS PO Mains exam 2018.




Directions (1-10): In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage followed by four words/phrases. One or more of those words/phrases may fit the blank appropriately. Choose the best set of alternatives among the five given below each question which fill the blanks most appropriately. If none of the words/phrases fill the blanks, choose option (e) i.e. “None of these” as your answer. 


The historic summit between U.S. President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un in Singapore is a/an __________ (1) of the power of diplomacy. Until a few months ago, the two countries had been trading nuclear threats, as the North raced along with its nuclear weapons programme. Now, as Mr. Trump shook hands with Mr. Kim, who had once said the U.S. President was “mentally deranged”, it was a reminder of Richard Nixon’s ground-breaking 1972 visit to Beijing. Through the day, both Mr. Trump and Mr. Kim were keen on __________ (2) the comprehensive meet in a positive light. The two whimsical leaders deserve full credit for this thaw in relations, given the decades of __________ (3) and the quick diplomacy that pulled the Korean peninsula back from the brink of war. It all began with the new South Korean President Moon Jae-in’s expansive outreach to the North. Mr. Kim __________ (4) by sending athletes to the Winter Olympics in South Korea in February. As the relationship between the Koreas improved rapidly, Mr. Kim invited the U.S. President for a meeting. Mr. Trump accepted at once, surprising America’s allies and rivals. However, it was not certain whether the meet would take place. Mr. Trump once called it off after threats and counter-threats __________ (5). But the appetite for rapprochement was clearly greater on both sides, and the __________ (6) was back on track.

In the brief joint statement after their meeting, Mr. Kim iterated his “firm and __________ (7) commitment to complete denuclearization” of the Korean Peninsula, while Mr. Trump offered security guarantees to the North. Mr. Kim had earlier promised to denuclearize the peninsula in return for security assurances, while Mr. Trump had promised that the North would be welcomed into the international community as a respectable member and be allowed to prosper economically. The two leaders have put these demands and promises into a document that could guide future diplomatic engagement. Mr. Trump also announced that he would end the regular American “war games” with South Korea, a __________ (8) to the North. While the summit itself was a big success given the distance both countries covered in a relatively short span of time, it is too early to say whether Mr. Trump and Mr. Kim can pull off a Nixon-Mao type breakthrough. The joint statement provided few specifics on how denuclearization can take place or how North Korea’s steps to __________ (9) its arsenal will be monitored. There are no deadlines mentioned. There is no reference to China, North Korea’s only ally. There has been no word on whether the two will establish formal diplomatic ties. Besides, being unpredictable and __________ (10), Mr. Trump and Mr. Kim must also stare down hardline elements in their respective administrations. This bold beginning must not be wasted.



Q1. (I) proclamation

(II) confutation
(III) affirmation
(IV) contradiction
Only (I)
Both (II) and (III)
Both (I) and (III)
Only (III)
None of these
Solution:
Option (c) is the correct choice.
Proclamation means a public or official announcement dealing with a matter of great importance.
Affirmation means the action or process of affirming something.
Confutation means the act of refuting someone's point forcefully
Contradiction means a combination of statements, ideas, or features which are opposed to one another.
Proclamation and Affirmation are the words that will fill the blank most appropriately in reference of the paragraph.

Q2. (I) obscuring
(II) garbling
(III) portraying
(IV) casting
Only (III)
Both (II) and (III)
Both (III) and (IV)
Both (I) and (IV)
None of these
Solution:
Option (c) is the correct choice.
Obscuring means keeping from being seen; concealing.
Garbling means reproducing (a message, sound, or transmission) in a confused and distorted way
Portraying means depicting someone or something in a particular way
Casting means reflecting or portraying
Portraying and Casting are the words that will fill the blank most appropriately in reference of the paragraph as the heads pf both the countries were interested in portraying in front of the world a positive image after their historic meeting in Singapore.

Q3. (I) animosity
(II) antagonism
(III) amicability
(IV) hostility
Only (IV)
Only (II), (III) and (IV)
Both (III) and (IV)
Only (I), (II) and (IV)
None of these
Solution:
Option (d) is the correct choice.
Animosity means strong hostility
Antagonism means active hostility or opposition
Amicability means characterized by friendliness
Hostility means unfriendliness or opposition
Animosity, Antagonism and Hostility are the words that will fill the blank most appropriately in reference of the paragraph as it can be understood from the paragraph that USA and North Korea has decades of hostility towards each other until recent meeting of the two leaders of both the nations.

Q4. (I) stiffed
(II) reciprocated
(III) retaliated
(IV) reimbursed
Only (IV)
Only (II)
Both (III) and (IV)
Both (I) and (III)
None of these
Solution:
Option (b) is the correct choice.
Stiffed means cheated (someone) out of something, especially money.
Reciprocated means responded to (a gesture or action) by making a corresponding one.
Retaliated means made an attack in return for a similar attack.
Reimbursed means repaid (a person who has spent or lost money).
Reciprocated is the only word that will fill the blank most appropriately in reference of the paragraph as it can be understood from the paragraph that after an approach from South Korean President, the North Korean President, Mr. Kim also responded in a similar gesture and sent athletes from his country to Winter Olympics. None of the other words fit in the blank appropriately.

Q5. (I) depreciated
(II) disparaged
(III) downgraded
(IV) trivialized
Both (I) and (III)
Only (IV)
Only (III)
Both (II) and (IV)
None of these
Solution:
Option (e) is the correct choice.
Depreciated means diminished in value over a period of time.
Disparaged means regarded or represented as being of little worth.
Downgraded means reduced to a lower grade, rank, or level of importance.
Trivialized means made (something) seem less important, significant, or complex than it really is.
Hence, none of the word fits in the blank in context of the paragraph as it can be understood that a meeting cannot be called off because of decrease in threats and counter-threats. It will be the opposite case. Hence, the word that should fit here is ‘escalated’ which is not one of the options.

Q6. (I) session
(II) expulsion
(III) rendezvous
(IV) dethronement
Both (I) and (III)
Only (I)
Both (II) and (IV)
Only (IV)
None of these
Solution:
Option (a) is the correct choice.
Expulsion means the action of forcing someone to leave an organization.
Rendezvous means a meeting at an agreed time and place.
Session means a meeting of an official body, especially a legislature, council, or court of law, to conduct its business.
Session and Rendezvous are the words that will fill the blank most appropriately in reference of the paragraph as it can be understood from the lines that ‘the appetite for rapprochement was clearly more’ which indicates that both the leaders were eager to meet each other, hence the arrangement was back on track.

Q7. (I) unsteady
(II) steadfast
(III) unswerving
(IV) unwavering
Only (I)
Only (I), (III) and (IV)
Only (II), (III) and (IV)
Both (III) and (IV)
None of these
Solution:
Option (c) is the correct choice.
Unsteady means liable to fall or shake; not steady in position
Steadfast means resolutely or dutifully firm and unwavering.
Unswerving means not changing or becoming weaker; steady or constant.
Unwavering means not wavering; steady or resolute
Steadfast, Unswerving and Unwavering are the words that will fill the blank most appropriately in reference of the paragraph as the blank is preceded by the word ‘firm’ which means that the word that should fill the blank should be close in meaning to ‘firm’ to emphasize on the commitment.

Q8. (I) denial
(II) recantation
(III) renouncement
(IV) disavowal
Only (III)
Only (IV)
Both (I) and (IV)
Both (II) and (III)
None of these
Solution:
Option (e) is the correct choice.
Denial means the action of denying something.
Recantation means a statement that one no longer holds a particular opinion or belief; a retraction
Renouncement means an act (spoken or written) declaring that something is surrendered or disowned
Disavowal means to deny responsibility for.
Hence, none of the word fits in the blank in context of the paragraph as it can be understood that USA President declared to end the regular war-games with South Korea, which would come as a relief for North Korea. Hence, the word that should fit here is ‘concession’ which is not one of the options.

Q9. (I) imperturbable
(II) dismantle
(III) congregate
(IV) invigorate
Only (I)
Only (II)
Both (II) and (IV)
Both (III) and (IV)
None of these
Solution:
Option (b) is the correct choice.
Imperturbable means unable to be upset or excited; calm.
Dismantle means take (a machine or structure) to pieces.
Congregate means gather into a crowd or mass.
Invigorate means give strength or energy to.
Dismantle is the only word that will fill the blank most appropriately in reference of the paragraph as it has been mentioned that North Korea has agreed for complete denuclearization and for that to happen, North Korea will have to dismantle its nuclear arsenals. None of the other words fit in the blank appropriately.

Q10. (I) impulsive
(II) impetuous
(III) overhasty
(IV) vigilance
Only (I)
Both (III) and (IV)
Both (I) and (III)
Only (I), (II) and (III)
None of these
Solution:
Option (d) is the correct choice.
Impulsive means acting or done without forethought.
Impetuous means acting or done quickly and without thought or care.
Overhasty means excessively hasty.
Vigilant means keeping careful watch for possible danger or difficulties.
Impulsive, Impetuous and Overhasty are the words that will fill the blank most appropriately in reference of the paragraph as here the characteristics of Mr. Trump and Mr. Kim has been indicated and the words that follow ‘unpredictable’ to explain the characteristics should be something in characteristics very similar to unpredictable. So, any of Impulsive, Impetuous or Overhasty, all of which mean acting without thorough thinking can be filled in the blank.

Direction (11-13): In question given below there are two statements, each statement consists of two blanks. You have to choose the option which provides the correct set of words that fits both the blanks in both the statements appropriately and in the same order making them meaningful and grammatically correct. 



Q11. [I] Any time we see systemic problems with the ____________ of EU law we have the possibility of launching ____________ procedures, and this is what we are doing.


[II] In today's judgement, the UK Supreme Court held that rights-holders should bear the costs of ____________of website blocking injunctions to prevent IP ____________.
disposition, transgression
truancy, breach
stupor, obedience
implementation, infringement
capture, invasion
Solution:
The most appropriate set of words that appropriately fit in the context of the paragraph is ‘implementation, infringement’. ‘Implementation’ is a noun which means the process of putting a decision or plan into effect; execution. Moreover, ‘infringement’ is a noun which means the action of breaking the terms of a law, agreement, etc.; violation. Since, all the other sets of words fail to form a comprehensive sentence, option (d) becomes the most suitable answer choice.
Disposition means a person's inherent qualities of mind and character.
Transgression means an act that goes against a law, rule, or code of conduct; an offence.
Truancy means the action of staying away from school without good reason; absenteeism.
Stupor means a state of near-unconsciousness or insensibility.
Capture means the action of capturing or of being captured.
Invasion means an instance of invading a country or region with an armed force.

Q12. [I] The struggle was ____________ by France’s ____________ in European disputes and by political causes, by the want of co-operation among the English colonies and their jealousy of control by the home government.

[II] North Atlantic right whale scientists found that a whale who undergo ____________ ____________ in fishing gear endures 'sky-high hormone levels,' indicating severe stress, which researchers discovered using a pioneering technique of examining scat from live, entangled, and dead whales over 15 years.
prolonged, entanglement
extended, amour
chronic, association
abbreviated, predicament
overflowed , imbroglio
Solution:
The most appropriate set of words that appropriately fit in the context of the paragraph is ‘prolonged, entanglement’. ‘Prolonged’ is an adjective which means continuing for a long time or longer than usual; lengthy. Moreover, ‘entanglement’ is a noun which means involvement;complication;the action or fact of entangling or being entangled. Since, all the other sets of words fail to form a comprehensive sentence, option (a) becomes the most suitable answer choice.
Amour means a love affair or lover, especially one that is secret.
Predicament means a difficult, unpleasant, or embarrassing situation.
Imbroglio means an extremely confused, complicated, or embarrassing situation.

Q13. [I] A veteran of the Capital’s hip hop scene, he is widely recognized as one of the best ____________ in the country, blessed with a uniquely dynamic voice and a ____________ for tongue-twisting lyricism.

[II] She is one of the best female ____________dressed in bright red and likely hired for her rousing welcomes and ____________ for hyperbole, asks us to prepare ourselves for some “borderline sorcery”.
followers, predilection
arbiters, vagabond
emcees, penchant
moderators, itinerant
comperes, nomad
Solution:
The most appropriate set of words that appropriately fit in the context of the paragraph is ‘emcees, penchant’. ‘Emcees’ is a noun which means a master of ceremonies. Moreover, ‘penchant’ is a noun which means a strong or habitual liking for something or tendency to do something. Since, all the other sets of words fail to form a comprehensive sentence, option (c) becomes the most suitable answer choice.
Arbiters means a person who settles a dispute or has ultimate authority in a matter.
Predilection means a preference or special liking for something; a bias in favor of something.
Vagabond means a person who wanders from place to place without a home or job.
Itinerant means a person who travels from place to place
Comperes means a person who introduces the performers or contestants in a variety show.
Nomad means a member of a people that travels from place to place to find fresh pasture for its animals and has no permanent home.

Direction (14-15): Rearrange the following sentences to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions that follow. 



Q14. If sentence (G), “The Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan will be incentivizing states—there will be performance-linked grants—to work towards certain goals identified by the Centre, including improving learning outcomes and rationalizing teacher redeployment” is the first sentence of the paragraph, then which of the following sentences does not fit into the paragraph formed after rearranging other sentences? 



(A) States, on their part, are starting to look at improving various indicators of the soundness of their school education policies. Some are taking large strides while others are taking measured but sure-footed steps.

(B) Karnataka, for instance, has asked school teachers to work on improving student strengths at their schools or be prepared to receive transfer orders—the state’s department of primary and secondary education had recently found that 261 lower primary schools and 57 higher primary schools in the state had no admissions in the past academic year.
(C) Apart from incentivizing teachers with cash awards for improving learning outcomes, Punjab is also rolling out a `900 crore smart school project that will equip 2,800 primary and secondary schools with laptops, projectors and high-speed internet.
(D) Given how the government already runs anganwadi centres, the HRD ministry is evaluating if anganwadi workers can be trained to teach pre-school children or new teachers have to be recruited.
(E) A similar project is in the offing in Madhya Pradesh, with the aim of digitally enabling teaching in 15,000 middle-schools.
(F) The Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan could spur more such steps by the states as they compete for the central incentives. Students, however, could end up the big winner.
(G) The Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan will be incentivizing states—there will be performance-linked grants—to work towards certain goals identified by the Centre, including improving learning outcomes and rationalizing teacher redeployment.
A
D
E
F
C
Solution:
Considering statement (G) as the first statement of the paragraph, the sequence of the other sentences after rearrangement is ABCEF. The coherent paragraph is describing that under the scheme of Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan, the states will receive incentives for their performance towards goals. It further gives examples of few states describing their efforts to secure incentives. However, sentence (D) is describing about the recruitment of teachers for pre-school. Hence, option (b) is the most viable answer choice.

Q15. If Sentence (B), “Every country goes through an evolution process in terms of organ donation, and this is different for each organ. Kidney transplantation has been practiced in India for over 25 years.” is the first sentence, what is the order of other sentences after rearrangement? 


(A) The results of liver transplantation in India were poor in the early stages. That has changed in the last 10 years.

(B) Every country goes through an evolution process in terms of organ donation, and this is different for each organ. Kidney transplantation has been practiced in India for over 25 years. 
(C) On the other hand, liver transplant as a treatment option for liver failure remained an esoteric idea in India until 10-15 years ago.
(D) There is public confidence in the procedure, and it is not surprising that there is a massive waiting list for cadaver kidney transplants.
(E) With increasing success, an increasing number of patients who need a liver transplant are getting waitlisted.
(F) Among 2,100 liver transplants performed by our group in south India over the last nine years, not a single foreign patient has been transplanted with a cadaveric liver.
(G) So, there is no real possibility of a foreigner getting a cadaver liver or kidney in India, as there will always be a patient to whom a donor liver or kidney, irrespective of its characteristics can be matched.
EADCFG
DCGFAE
DFECAG
FAECDG
DCAEFG
Solution:
Drawing a hint from the first sentence i.e., statement (B) “Every country goes through an evolution process in terms of organ donation, and this is different for each organ. Kidney transplantation has been practied in India for over 25 years”. The theme of the paragraph can be articulated as the evolution of medical science in the field of organ transplantation. Thus, the correct sequence of the rest of the paragraph formed is DCAEFG. Hence, option (e) becomes the most suitable answer choice.

               



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