SBI Clerk English Quiz: 8th August 2019

sbi-clerk-mains-english-quiz

SBI Clerk English Quiz

Being an indispensable subject that can leave students perplex with the difficulty level introduced every year English has become a hitch for getting selection in the government sector. You all need to gear up your devising strategy to successfully clear the SBI Clerk Main exam 2019. The exam is going to be held on 10th August for which you need a perfect study plan and a well-known SBI Clerk main exam 2019 strategy to follow. To fetch you good marks we are providing a set of questions that are familiar with the updated pattern. Include the study notes in your bag to keep yourself updated with the latest questions that can be asked in the exam. Following is the quiz of 8th August, that inculcate the important topics from Column error, triple fillers and short reading comprehension.




Directions (1-5): In each of the following questions given below, a sentence is given with some bold words which may contain errors. Below each of the sentence, a table is given with two columns in which column ‘A’ contains the list of bold words, and in column ‘B’ the suggested corrections are listed. You have to choose the best alternate among the four given options. If no correction is required against the given bold words, mark (E) .i.e. “None of the above” as your answer. 



Q1. The Indian telecom sector has witnessed a Paranoid shift—crossing the billion-user mark and rolling out new technologies along with other leading markets. Just four years ago, it faced multiple challenges—falling revenues and increasing debt were wreaking triumph.


COLOUMN A
(1) Paranoid
(2) Rolling
(3) Faced
(4) Triumph

COLOUMN B
(5) Paradigm
(6) Rolled
(7) Face off
(8) Havoc    
Both (1) - (5) and (4) – (8)
(2) – (6)
(1) – (5)
(3-7)
None of the above
Solution:
The sentence is describing about a shift in the technology in the telecom industry. It has also mentioned about the challenges faced by the industry few years ago. Therefore, to adhere to the context of the sentence “paranoid” should be replaced by “paradigm” while “triumph” should be replaced by “havoc”. Hence, option (a) is the most suitable answer choice. Paranoid means unreasonably or obsessively anxious, suspicious, or mistrustful. Triumph means a great victory or achievement. Paradigm means a typical example or pattern of something; a pattern or model. Havoc means widespread destruction.

Q2. The government launched Tarang Sanchar portal to correct mislead around electromagnetic emissions from towers. It allows people to check emission (EMF) consensus status of mobile towers, giving information about any site, on request, via email.

COLOUMN A
(1) Mislead
(2) Emissions
(3) Consensus
(4) Information

COLOUMN B
(5) Misconceptions
(6) Eminences
(7) Compliance
(8) Informed
(4) – (8)
(2) – (6)
(1) – (5)
Both (1) - (5) and (3-7)
None of the above
Solution:
Words “mislead” and “consensus” create a contextual error in the sentence and thus should be replaced by “misconceptions” and “compliance” respectively. Hence, option (d) is the most suitable answer choice. Emissions means the production and discharge of something, especially gas or radiation. Consensus means a general agreement. Eminences means to fame or acknowledged superiority within a particular sphere. Compliance means the action or fact of complying with a wish or command.

Q3. India has told messaging platform WhatsApp to get serious about hawking the purveyors of fake news and variance rumours. In a meeting with one of its top hosts, the law minister stressed that over 20 lives had been lost in India due to this rumour-mongering.

COLOUMN A
(1) Hawking
(2) Variance
(3) Hosts
(4) Stressed

COLOUMN B
(5) Tracking
(6) Vicious
(7) Honchos
(8) Guessed
(4) – (8)
(2) – (6)
(1) – (5)
(1) - (5), (2) – (6) and (3-7)
None of the above
Solution:
The words given in bold “hawking”, “variance” and “hosts” create either grammatical or contextual error in the sentence. To correct the sentence, replace these words by “tracking”, “vicious” and “honchos” respectively. Hence, option (d) is the most suitable answer choice. Hawking means (of a person) hunt game with a trained hawk. Variance means the fact or quality of being different, divergent, or inconsistent. Vicious means deliberately cruel or violent. Honchos means a leader or manager; the person in charge.

Q4. Preserving, changing social structures, raising disposable incomes, industrial growth and infrastructure expansion, coupled with the easy availability of housing loans, are the drivers of decorative paints industry, which accounts for 75% of the estimated $8.2-billion Indian market.

COLOUMN A
(1) Preserving
(2) Raising
(3) Coupled
(4) Estimated

COLOUMN B
(5) Urbanisation
(6) Rising
(7) Caused
(8) Estimation
(4) – (8)
(2) – (6)
Both (1) - (5) and (2) – (6)
(1) - (5), (2) – (6) and (3-7)
None of the above
Solution:
Since the sentence is describing about the developments and advancements made in the recent time, the bold words “preserving” and “raising” create grammatical as well as contextual errors in the sentence. To make the sentence correct, replace these words by “urbanization” and “rising” respectively. Therefore, option (c) becomes the most suitable answer choice.

Q5. It is important to measure the outstanding risk of a company and find the best possible solution to hedge and manage it. Had locked in a major portion of the costs can give paint manufacturers a significant margin boost to achieve compete pricing and hence healthy functioning.

COLOUMN A
(1) Outstanding
(2) Hedge
(3) Had
(4) Compete

COLOUMN B
(5) Outdated
(6) Wedge
(7) Having
(8) Competitive
(4) – (8)
(2) – (6)
Both (3) - (7) and (4) – (8)
(1) - (5), (2) – (6) and (3-7)
None of the above
Solution:
The words given in bold “had” and “compete” create either grammatical or contextual error in the sentence. To correct the sentence, replace these words by “having” and “competitive” respectively. The sentence is given in the present tense […can give paint manufacturers], it requires a gerund [Having] that works as a subject in the sentence, therefore, “had” should be replaced to frame a grammatically correct structure of the sentence. Moreover, to describe the quality of “pricing” an adjective [competitive] is required rather than a verb [compete]. Hence, option (c) is the most suitable answer choice.

Directions (6-10): In each of the questions given below, a paragraph is given which has some blanks and those blanks have to be filled with the same word out of five words given below it. You have to choose that same word as your answer and fill up the blanks with that appropriate word. 



Q6. By the 12th century a ___________________ referred to as Tanka was introduced. Later on, the Indian Rupee was adopted as the country's sole ___________________, and the use of other domestic coinage was removed from circulation. Our ___________________ rankings show that the most popular India Rupee exchange rate is the USD to INR rate.

Money
Currency
Worth
Value
Rupees
Solution:
The most suitable word that will fit in all the three blanks of the paragraph is “currency”. All the words are however seems similar but have little difference and thus does not fit contextually in the sentence. Hence, option (b) is the most suitable answer choice. Money means a current medium of exchange in the form of coins and banknotes; coins and banknotes collectively. Currency means a system of money in general use in a particular country. Worth means equivalent in value to the sum or item specified. Value means the regard that something is held to deserve; the importance, worth, or usefulness of something. Rupees means the basic monetary unit of India

Q7. ___________________ education debt is a big issue in health care. ___________________ schools themselves are addressing the student debt problem. However, there is an array of government programs that help students afford ___________________ school or that forgive student loans.
Business
Economics
Science
Law
Medical
Solution:
The most appropriate word that should fill all the three blanks of the paragraph is “medical”. Since, the alternatives provide different streams of education; the most suitable one to adhere to the context of the paragraph is “medical”. This is indicated from the phrase of the first sentence “…big issue in health care”. Hence, option (e) is the most viable answer choice.

Q8. The largest chunk of the __________________ population is made of daily wage earners, not farmers, the report said, adding that an equal focus on both __________________ wages and farm income is vital to relieve __________________ distress.
Poor
Rural
Agricultural
Advanced
Insolvent
Solution:
The most appropriate word that should fill all the blanks of the sentence is “rural”. All the other words are either grammatically incorrect or contextually. Hence, option (b) is the most suitable answer choice. Advanced means far on or ahead in development or progress. Insolvent means unable to pay debts owed.

Q9. The much-anticipated New Industrial __________________, which will replace the 27-year-old existing __________________ and pave the way for promotion of new technology and reduced regulations, has been placed before the Union Cabinet for approval. This will be the third industrial __________________ drafted in independent India.
Policy
Procedures
Meeting
Practices
Group
Solution:
The most appropriate word that should fill all the blanks of the sentence is “policy”. All the other words are either grammatically incorrect or contextually. Hence, option (a) is the most suitable answer choice. Policy means a course or principle of action adopted or proposed by an organization or individual. Procedure means an established or official way of doing something. Practice means the actual application or use of an idea, belief, or method, as opposed to theories relating to it.

Q10. Lead with the __________________ of one individual who works there and what it took for her to get that job and how that job has made her life better. It was a __________________, not topic, about a high-powered woman who had persevered and triumphed. More importantly, it was a __________________ I wanted to read and knew other readers would too.
Autobiography
Record / Reports
Fiction
Article
Story
Solution:
The most appropriate word that should fill all the blanks of the sentence is “story”. All the other words are either grammatically incorrect or contextually. Hence, option (e) is the most suitable answer choice. Autobiography means an account of a person's life written by that person. Fiction means literature in the form of prose, especially novels, that describes imaginary events and people.

Directions (11-15): In each of the questions given below, a passage has been given which are either situational based or describes a scenario. Below each passage, a question has been given which is framed to make you to infer something out of it. Mark out the correct inference as your answer. 



Q11. Finding the efforts by Internet giants to curb circulation of online videos of sexual violence against women and children inadequate, the government is likely to seek “stricter directions” to service providers, such as Facebook and YouTube, from the Supreme Court. What is the attitude of the government toward the social networking sites?

Acrimonious
Acerbic
Rigorous
Sardonic
Sarcastic
Solution:
The passage apprises us that the government is requesting the Supreme Court to enforce “stricter directions” to social networking sites like Facebook and YouTube. It could be understood that the government wants ‘more obedience’ from the social networking sites and is trying to achieve her intent through requesting the Supreme Court. Acrimonious, Acerbic, Sardonic, Sarcastic are synonyms and mean ‘sharp and forthright.’ Sarcastic means ‘Marked by or given to using irony in order to mock or convey contempt.’ Rigorous means ‘(of a person) adhering strictly to a belief or system’; ‘Harsh and demanding’; Rigorous is a synonym of ‘strict’ which means ‘(of a rule or discipline) demanding total obedience or observance; rigidly enforced.’ From the above, we find out that the meaning of ‘rigorous’ correctly convey the intent or attitude of the Government toward the social networking sites. So, the correct answer is option (c).

Q12. The government is keen on intermediaries sharing certain data with law enforcement agencies to identify the origin of ‘sexually violent’ content. The issue of tracing the origin of “unlawful” content is already a bone of contention between the government and WhatsApp, which was recently pulled up by the Centre after being misused to spread fake news. What can be said about the attitude of the WhatsApp toward making the origin of a (unlawful) content on WhatsApp accessible to the law-enforcement agencies?
Insidious
Exuberant
Fanatical
Reluctant
Vehement
Solution:
Contention [noun] means ‘heated disagreement’. The paragraph suggests that on the issue of making accessible the origin of a content on WhatsApp is a heated disagreement between the Government and WhatsApp. Meaning that the WhatsApp is reluctant toward making the origin of a content on WhatsApp accessible to the law enforcement agencies. Hence, option (d) is the correct answer. Insidious [noun] ‘Proceeding in a gradual, subtle way, but with very harmful effects’; Exuberant [adjective] ‘Full of energy, excitement, and cheerfulness’; Fanatical [adjective] ‘Filled with excessive and single-minded zeal.’; Vehement [adjective] ‘Showing strong feeling; forceful, passionate, or intense’;

Q13. The Kerala government on Thursday claimed in the Supreme Court that sudden releases of water from the Mullaperiyar dam was a cause for the floods in the State. In an affidavit, Kerala slammed Tamil Nadu for allegedly ignoring its repeated entreaties for controlled release of water from the reservoir to facilitate the evacuation of thousands living downstream. What is the attitude of the state government of Kerala towards the state government of Tamil Nadu?
Censuring
Praising
Insidious
Pernicious
Forbiddingly
Solution:
The state government of Kerala seems to be angry with the indifferent attitude shown by the state government of Tamil Nadu and the ignorance of the repeated entreaties (signed by the Tamil Nadu) in relation to the controlled release of water from the reservoir. The state government of Kerala believes that the attitude of the state government of Tamil Nadu is responsible for the flood in the state. Censure [noun]: ‘strong criticism or disapproval’; Insidious [noun]: ‘Proceeding in a gradual, subtle way, but with very harmful effects’; Pernicious [noun]: ‘having a very harmful effect or influence’; Forbiddingly [noun]: ‘unfriendly and likely to be unpleasant or harmful’; From the given paragraph, we understand that the intent of the state government of Kerala is not malicious and not to Harm the state government of Tamil Nadu, but Kerala was criticizing the government of the Tamil Nadu. So, Options (c), (d) and (e) are Not correct. Only option (a) correctly convey the intent of the state government of Kerala and is the correct answer.

Q14. Periodical warnings were issued since the water level reached 136 ft for every two feet rise, and from 140 onward for every one-foot rise. Intimation was given to the Kerala government well in advance regarding the release of water from the spillway of the dam, the counter-affidavit said. “The allegation that action was taken by the Respondent State (Tamil Nadu) only after the water level in the dam crossed the permitted storage of +142 ft, is denied,” Tamil Nadu said in its affidavit. What is the tone of the statements made by the state of Tamil Nadu in its affidavit?
Sarcastic
Sardonic
Enthusiastic
Bitterly
Acerbic
Solution:
Upon reading the passage, one understands that the state of Tamil Nadu made statements in an out-spoken or forthright manner. Acerbic [adjective] means (especially of a comment or style of speaking) sharp and forthright. Sardonic & Sarcastic [adjective] means Grimly mocking or cynical. From the above illustrated meanings of the options, one can understand that the meaning of the word ‘acerbic’ is the Closest to the tone of the statements made by the state of Tamil Nadu. Hence, option (e) is the correct answer.

Q15. In the first order on July 4, the court declared all animals as legal persons, effectively blurring the line that separates humans from other animals. Instead of blurring the line between man and animal, it would make more sense for the judiciary to ask the government to bolster laws like the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, and the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960. Moreover, the order should have recognized that the animals had more value than just property under law even if they were not defined as persons. Such an order is more likely to have a lasting impact on animal welfare than an order declaring all animals to be persons.
Animal welfare is difficult to be advanced through High Court’s order.
The court’s order will effectively protect the animals from the inhumanity.
Implementation of Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, and the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 were a failure.
There is a need to convert animals into human entities to treat them with respect.
None of these
Solution:
The given paragraph is providing information about the court’s order regarding the declaration of animals as legal persons. However, the paragraph further mentions that this order will not have a lasting impact on animal welfare. Moreover, it is to be noted that it mentions about the strengthening of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, and the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 and does not comment on their implementation, hence, option (c) is incorrect. Therefore, the most suitable answer choice is option (a).

               


Print Friendly and PDF

No comments