Q1. The Panchayati Raj in India was started in the year _______.
Q2. Community Development Programme (CDP) was started in the year _____.
Q3. National Extension Service was started by?
(a) S.K. Dey
(b) T. Prakashan
(c) D. Hamilton
(d) J. Stuart
Q4. Which of the following was the pioneer state to adopt the Panchayati Raj?
(d) Tamil Nadu
Q5. The toll-free number for Kisan Call Centre is _________?
Q6. In which type of organizational communication, the messages flow from superior to subordinate?
Q7. Edgar Dale is mainly Associated with _______.
(b) Cone of experience
(c) Field Day
Q8. A short series of lectures by five-seven experts on the sub topics of a main topic is termed as__________.
Q9. Who popularized the concept of demonstration?
(a) Robert Chambers
(b) Paul Leagans
(c) E.M. Rogers
(d) Seaman Knapp
Q10. The degree to which an innovation results are visible is known as ________?
S1. Ans (b)
Sol. In 1959 Panchayati Raj started in India. The Panchayats or village assemblies existed in ancient India as self-governing institutions which had distinct and well-defined functions.
S2. Ans (d)
Sol. Based on the experiences within the country and abroad, the recommendations of the Fiscal Commission (1949) and the Grow More Food Enquiry Committee (1952) the CDP was launched on October 2, 1952, the birth-day of Mahatma Gandhi.
S3. Ans (a)
Sol. In 1957, the Indian government formed the Balwant Rai Mehta Committee to examine the working of the Community Development Programme and the National Extension Service and suggest ways to make it better. The person behind the idea of CDP and NES was S.K. Dey, India’s first Union Cabinet minister for Cooperation and Panchayati Raj.
S4. Ans (c)
Sol. Rajasthan was the first state to establish Panchayati Raj. The scheme was inaugurated by the Prime minister on October 2, 1959, in Nagaur district.
S5. Ans (c)
Sol. The toll-free number for Kisan Call Centre is 1800-180-1551. At present, these Call Centers are working in 21 different locations covering all the States and UTs.
S6. Ans (b)
Sol. Communication which flows from the superiors to subordinates is referred to as downward communication.
S7. Ans (b)
Sol. Dale’s Cone of Experience is a model that incorporates several theories related to instructional design and learning processes. During the 1960s, Edgar Dale theorized that learners retain more information by what they “do” as opposed to what is “heard”, “read” or “observed”. His research led to the development of the Cone of Experience. Today, this “learning by doing” has become known as “experiential learning” or “action learning”.
S8. Ans (c)
Sol. Symposium method consists of having a chairman or symposium leader, plus a group of, usually, four, five, or six persons, each of whom presents, in a concise, organized, more or less formal way, one phase of the main topic selected for discussion.
S9. Ans (d)
Sol. Dr. Seaman A. Knapp is credited with the first use of the demonstration method as a means of influencing the adoption of new farm practices.
S10. Ans (b)
Sol. Observability is the degree to which the results of an innovation are visible to others. The easier it is for individuals to see the results of an innovation, the more likely they are to adopt.