India rose two spots to rank eighth out of 59 countries in the Climate Change Performance Index 2023 (CCPI). In the Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Energy Use categories, the country was rated “high”. In the Climate Policy and Renewable Energy categories, it earned a “medium” rating.
What is Climate Change Performance Index?
The Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) is an instrument to enable transparency in national and international climate politics. The CCPI uses a standardized framework to compare the climate performance of 59 countries and the EU, which together account for 92% of global greenhouse gas emissions.
Who prepares the Climate Change Performance Index?
The Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) 2023 released which was published by three environmental non-governmental organizations
- Germanwatch: Germanwatch is an independent development, environmental, and human rights organisation that lobbies for sustainable global development. For us, sustainable development means socially equitable, ecologically sound, and economically stable. Headquarters: Bonn Germany. It also publishes Global Climate Risk Index
- NewClimate Institute: NewClimate Institute for Climate Policy and Global Sustainability generates ideas on climate change and drives their implementation. Headquaters: Berlin, germany
- Climate Action Network (CAN) International: is a global network of over 1,300 environmental non-governmental organisations in over 130 countries working to promote government and individual action to limit human-induced climate change to ecologically sustainable levels. It founder is Michael Oppenheimer. Bonn, Germany is headquarters
How many countries were monitored under Climate Change Performance Index?
59 countries and European Union
What are main points in Climate Change Performance Index?
- In the CCPI 2023, Denmark reaches the best ranking.
- No country performs well enough in all index categories to achieve an overall “very high” rating in the index.
- Therefore, the first three ranks in the overall ranking remain empty.
- In the overall ranking, Sweden (5th), Chile (6th), Morocco (7th) and India (8th) follow Denmark.
How Countries are assessed in Climate Change Performance Index?
The CCPI assesses each country’s performance in four categories:
- GHG Emissions (40% of the overall ranking),
- Renewable Energy (20%),
- Energy Use (20%)
- Climate Policy (20%).
In addition, the question is answered to what extent the respective country acts adequately in the areas of Emissions, Renewable Energies and Energy Use in order to achieve the Paris climate targets.
The CCPI’s unique climate policy section, evaluating countries’ national and international climate policy performance, is only possible through the continued support and contributions of around 450 climate and energy experts.
What observation about India shared in the report?
India is on track to meet its 2030 emissions targets, compatible with the well-below 2-degree Celsius scenario. However, the renewable energy pathway is not on track for the 2030 target.
Since the last Climate Change Performance Index, India has updated its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) and has also announced a net-zero target for 2070. Net Zero means achieving the balance between the greenhouse gases put into the atmosphere and those taken out.
The report has further noted that India is among the 9 countries responsible for 90 percent of global coal production. It also plans to increase its oil, gas, and oil production by over 5 percent by 2030.
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