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Daily Vocabulary : 11th March 2020

INTIMIDATE (verb)धमकाना
Meaning: frighten or overawe (someone), especially in order to make them do what one wants.
Synonyms: dishearten, dismay, terrify
Antonyms: please, praise
Usage: Her boss intimidates her

EPHEMERAL (Adjective)अस्थायी
Meaning: Lasting for a short time
Synonyms: Temporary, Short-lived, transient.
Antonyms: long-lived, enduring, everlasting, eternal, perpetual.
Usage: time is ephemeral so don’t waste it.

ARDENT (Adjective) : उत्साही
Meaning: Characterized by strong enthusiasm
Synonyms: Passionate, enthusiastic, zealous
Antonyms: apathetic, dull, calm.
Usage: One should be an ardent supporter for the right cause.

MANDATE (noun)शासनादेश
Meaning: an official order or commission to do something.
Synonyms: instruction, directive, direction, decree, command
Antonyms: encourage
Usage: They carried out the governor’s mandate to build more roads.

DISSIDENCE (Noun) मतभेद
Meaning: disagreement over a matter
Synonyms: contention, disagreement, discordance, disharmony, dispute
Antonyms: agreement, approval, authorization, concurrence
Usage: So much is said nowadays about the dissidence of the spiritual and intellectual worlds.

INCHOATE (adjective) प्रारंभिक
Meaning: just begun and so not fully formed or developed; rudimentary.
Synonyms: budding, inceptive, incipient, nascent.
Antonyms: developed, full-fledged, evolved, ripened.
Usage: Having just come into existence a few years ago, the new political party is considered inchoate by many historians.

CONFLATE (verb) मिलाना
Meaning: combine (two or more sets of information, texts, ideas, etc.) into one.
Synonyms: amalgamate, converge, unify, fuse.
Antonyms: divide, part, separate, rupture.
Usage: To conflate art and science, teachers must design activities that blend the two.

STRINGENT (adjective) कड़ी से कड़ी
Meaning: not allowing for any exceptions or loosening of standards
Synonyms: brassbound, cast-iron, exacting, hard-line, inflexible, rigid, rigorous,
Antonyms: flexible, lax, loose, relaxed, slack
Usage: There are stringent rules against unauthorized persons being in our building

XENOPHOBIC (adjective) अज्ञातजन भीति/ विदेशी द्वेश
Meaning: having or showing a dislike of or prejudice against people from other countries.
Synonyms: racist, racialist, ethnocentric, ethnocentrist.
Antonyms: bountiful, permissive, thoughtful, lenient.
Usage: As a result, the new parliament is distinctly more xenophobic and illiberal than its predecessor.

VEST (verb) निहित होना
Meaning: confer or bestow (power, authority, property, etc.) on someone.
Synonyms: entrust, invest, bestow, confer.
Antonyms: impede, inhibit, disqualify, disbar.
Usage: Extensive powers were vested into the hands of the President who headed the executive branch of government.

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