Is your DREAM to get selected in SBI Clerk 2020 recruitment? Well, then you must speed up your preparation as the Main exam which is the final step towards selection will soon be announced. So, students should utilize this time intelligently. The English Language is one of the subjects you’ll need to deal with and to help you keep your preparation up to the mark, here we provide you with a questionnaire of English Language to crack SBI Clerk Main. For other subjects, you can check the SBI Clerk Mains Study Plan.Directions (1-5): Each of the following questions has a paragraph from which one sentence has been deleted. From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate/coherent way.
Q1. NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope has discovered the farthest individual star ever seen — an enormous blue stellar body nicknamed Icarus located over halfway across the universe. The star, harboured in a very distant spiral galaxy, is so far away that its light has taken nine billion years to reach Earth. It appears to us as it did when the universe was about 30% of its current age. Normally, the star would be too faint to view, even with the world’s largest telescopes. _________________________________ “This is the first time we’re seeing a magnified, individual star,” said Patrick Kelly, who led the study as a postdoctoral fellow in University of California at Berkeley.
(a) However, through a phenomenon called gravitational lensing that tremendously amplifies the star’s feeble glow, astronomers were able to pinpoint this faraway star and set a new distance record.
(b) The discovery of Icarus through gravitational lensing has initiated a new way for astronomers to study individual stars in distant galaxies.
(c) Located about 5 billion light-years from Earth, this massive cluster of galaxies sits between the Earth and the galaxy that contains the distant star.
(d) Setting a new distance record, astronomers using NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope have discovered an enormous blue star nicknamed “Icarus”, the farthest individual star ever seen.
(e) “You can see individual galaxies out there, but this star is at least 100 times farther away than the next individual star we can study, except for supernova explosions,” said Kelly, who is now at the University of Minnesota in the US.
Q2. Mahatma Gandhi came from a poor family, and he had dropped out of the cheapest college he could afford. Mavji Dave Joshiji, a Brahmin priest and family friend, advised Gandhi and his family that he should consider law studies in London. In July 1888, his wife Kasturba gave birth to their first surviving son, Harilal. His mother was not comfortable about Gandhi leaving his wife and family, and going so far from home. Gandhi’s uncle Tulsidas also tried to dissuade his nephew. Gandhi wanted to go. To persuade his mother Putlibai, Gandhi made a vow in front of his mother that he would abstain from meat, alcohol and women. Gandhi’s brother Laxmidas, who was already a lawyer, cheered Gandhi’s London studies plan and offered to support him. ____________________________________________________.
(a) They encouraged Gandhi to join them in reading the Bhagavad Gita both in translation as well as in the original.
(b) In London, Gandhi studied law and jurisprudence and enrolled at the Inner Temple with the intention of becoming a barrister.
(c) Gandhi, at age 22, was called to the bar in June 1891 and then left London for India, where he learned that his mother had died while he was in London and that his family had kept the news from him.
(d) Putlibai gave Gandhi her permission and blessing.
(e) None of these
Q3. _____________________________________________________________________ In some countries, bananas used for cooking may be called plantains, in contrast to dessert bananas. The fruit is variable in size, color, and firmness, but is usually elongated and curved, with soft flesh rich in starch covered with a rind, which may be green, yellow, red, purple, or brown when ripe. The fruits grow in clusters hanging from the top of the plant. Almost all modern edible parthenocarpic (seedless) bananas come from two wild species – Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana. The scientific names of most cultivated bananas are Musa acuminata, Musa balbisiana, and Musa × paradisiaca for the hybrid Musa acuminata × M. balbisiana, depending on their genomic constitution. The old scientific name Musa sapientum is no longer used.
(a) The banana fruits develop from the banana heart, in a large hanging cluster, made up of tiers.
(b) A banana is an edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa.
(c) There are fuzzy bananas whose skins are bubblegum pink; green-and-white striped bananas with pulp the color of orange sherbet; bananas that, when cooked, taste like strawberries.
(d) All the above-ground parts of a banana plant grow from a structure usually called a “corm”.
(e) Farmers in Southeast Asia and Papua New Guinea first domesticated bananas.
Q4. _____________________, protein from nuts and seeds could be beneficial for the human heart, suggests a study including more than 80,000 participants. The study, appearing in the International Journal of Epidemiology, found that people who consumed large amounts of meat protein experienced a 60 per cent increase in cardiovascular disease (CVD), while people who consumed large amounts of protein from nuts and seeds experienced a 40-per cent reduction in CVD.
(a) It can help you lose weight (especially belly fat), and increase your muscle mass and strength, to name a few
(b) many health and fitness experts believe that we need much more protein than what we get
(c) While eating red meat that is rich in protein is linked with increased risk of heart disease
(d) Almonds are loaded with high protein including other important nutrients, fiber, vitamin E manganese and magnesium
(e) none of these
Q5. LED lamps are often promoted as energy-efficient lighting for both inside the home and outside.
However, experts say that LED lighting — if not installed in moderation — could affect our health. Blue light exposure disrupts our body’s ability to produce melatonin, a hormone that helps us fall asleep. _________________________________________________________________ Many studies have suggested that blue light emitted by our mobile phones and laptops is disruptive because its short wavelength tells our brain to stay alert.
(a) The United States Department of Energy has claimed that LED lights are no more harmful than any other lighting.
(b) We should ensure that lighting products meet photobiological safety standards, says Lighting Designer and Educator Anil Valia.
(c) When this process is disrupted, our body’s clock goes off rhythm.
(d) Modern LED street lights which are cheaper to run and have lower emissions ‘damage people’s eyesight and dazzle motorists’.
(e) none of these
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