English Vinglish | Pronoun

English-Vinglish



English tends to boggle your mind with its rules and exception in grammar and vocabulary. This as a very big issue for the students who lack confidence in English. So, to help you out with the small confusing terms and rules, Adda247 is introducing a new trend to clear all your doubts with this post. 5 rules will be published with examples and explanations. Let’s hang together and learn together.

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Let’s learn about pronouns and little tricks to avoid the mistakes students usually do, Pronouns are the subcategorization of nouns. Nouns always are not best suited when it comes to the repetition of the particular noun in a sentence. To simplify the overview and keep the sentence meaningful as well we use pronouns.
For instance, if you’re telling a story about your sister Ashima, the story will begin to sound repetitive if you keep repeating “Ashima” over and over again.

  • Ashima has always loved painting. Ashima announced that Ashima wants to go to art school.
  • You could try to mix it up by sometimes referring to Ashima as “my sister,” but then it will reflect that you’re referring to two different people.
  • Ashima has always loved painting. My sister announced that Ashima wants to go to art school.
  • Instead, you can use the pronouns she and her to refer to Ashima.
  • Ashima has always loved painting. She announced that she wants to go to art school.

Let’s have look at the types of the pronoun with an example to get an idea of what are the topics we will be learning tricks and tips about.

Personal pronouns: ( he, they, I, me, it, we)
e.g. I bought some batteries, but they weren’t included.

Demonstrative pronouns: demonstrate or indicate ( this, these)
e.g. This is the one I left in the car.

Interrogative pronouns: used in questions ( which, who)
e.g.  Who told you to do that?

Indefinite pronouns: for non-specific things (none, several, both)
e.g.  Somebody must have seen the driver leave.

Possessive pronouns: to show possession ( his, your)

e.g. Have you seen her book?

Reciprocal pronouns: used for actions or feelings that are reciprocated. ( each other, one another)
e.g. They like one another.

Relative pronouns: to add more information to a sentence. ( which, where)
e.g. The man who first saw the comet reported it as a UFO.

Reflexive pronouns:  refers to another noun or pronoun in the sentence  ( itself, himself)
e.g. Are you talking to yourself?

Intensive pronouns: refers back to another noun or pronoun in the sentence to emphasize it (itself, himself )
e.g., Cat opened the door itself.

RULE 1: 


(a)
If all three persons or two out of three persons [i.e., first person(1), second person(2) and third person(3)] or two out of three persons are coming in a single sentence, then the order of pronouns that is to be followed is ‘231’.
For example:

  • You, he and I did well in the examination. (231)
  • He and I are going on the trek next month (31)
  • You and he are going through a rough patch. (23)



(b) If all three persons or two out of the three persons are used in a single sentence, which is negative in sense, then the order of pronouns that must be followed is ‘123’.
 For Example:

  • I, You and he are guilty of the crime and will be punished.

(c) The order that is to be followed while using plural pronouns (They, we, you) is ‘123’.
 For example:

  • We, you and they will be awarded for all the good work we have done.
RULE 2:


Possessive Adjectives- my, our, your, her, his, its, their
1. Use of possessive adjectives-

(a) When two subjects are joined by-  As well as, along with, together with, with, in addition to, like, unlike, and not, rather than, except, no less than, nothing but, more than one.
The possessive case of the pronoun( possessive adjective) is used in accordance with the first subject.

Structure- Subject(Noun)+ (As well as, along with, together with, with, in addition to, like, unlike, and not, rather than, except, no less than, nothing but, more than one)+ Noun possessive adjective

For example – Seema as well as her children has returned to their home- Seema as well as her children has returned to her homes
For example – My sister along with her friends is doing her jobs at Delhi- (correct)-

(b) When two subjects are joined by-either-or, neither-nor, not only but also, none-but.

Structure- Subject(Noun)+ either-or, neither-nor, not only but also, none-but+ Noun+ possessive adjective according to nearest subject where the above words used.
For example – Neither the teacher nor- the students were playing in their proper uniform- (correct)- here students are the nearest subject and possessive adjective according to them.

(c) Each, every, neither, either, anyone, many a, more than one(possessive adjective) are used as the subject, the possessive case should be third person singular. 

For example – Neither of the two friends has got their money back from the company- Neither of the friends has got his money back from the company.
For example – Each one of us is doing our duty properly- Each one of us is doing his duty properly.
For example – Every one should do one’s duty- use his in place of one’s

(d) When one is used as a subject, the possessive case of the pronoun should be according to one i.e. one’s.
For example – One should do his duty sincerely- here one’s in place of his

RULE 3:


a) Words like let, like, between and but, except and all prepositions are followed by an objective case 
Leaning- A preposition always comes before the noun
Subject+ HV+MV+ Preposition+ Objective case of pronoun.
For example – He looked at me

RULE 4:


In the case of comparison between two subjects then the pronoun used in the subjective case.
For example –

  1. He is as fast as me( wrong)
  2. He is as fast as I (correct)
  3. she is better than him(wrong)
  4. she is better than he (correct)

RULE 5:

The use of the ‘same’ as a pronoun is wrong.
For example – 
I shall give you a book and the same is very useful. (correction: Replace ‘same’ by ‘it’)



That’s all for today’s blog. We will again present you with more rules and examples. All the best.