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GA Topper Series : Schemes for Women

To make India a gender inclusive country. Indian government have started multiple schemes and acts to safeguard the rights of women in India . To learn them in a fun way let’s begin the journey of a women

When a girl is born, it has the danger of female feticide. To prevent this , India has formulated Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act, 1994.

To maintain the health of the baby and mother, Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandhana Yojna which gives cash incentive of Rs5000 in three installments are paid directly to Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PW&LM) for first living child of the family subject to their fulfilling specific conditions relating to Maternal and Child Health.The Scheme has been implemented w.e.f 1.1.2017.

Surakshit Matritva Aswasan( SUMAN ) is the next holistic scheme to deal with the health facilities, delivery and post delivery. It integrates schemes like

  1. Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan (PMSMA) provides pregnant women a fixed day, free of cost assured and quality Antenatal Care on the 9th day of every month.
  2. Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakaram (JSSK) entitles every pregnant woman to free delivery, including for caesarean section, in public health institutions along with the provision of free transport, diagnostics, medicines, other consumables, diet and blood.
  3. Functionalization of First Referral Units (FRUs) by ensuring manpower, blood storage units, referral linkages etc
  4. LaQshya (Labour room Quality improvement Initiative) to improve the quality of care in Labour room and Maternity operation theatres to ensure that pregnant women receive respectful and quality care during delivery and immediate post-partum.

Then a girl child is born, the basic necessity is nutritious food for her development.

The Adolescent Girls (AG) Scheme is implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development under Umbrella Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS), primarily aims at breaking the inter-generational life-cycle of nutritional and gender disadvantage and providing a supportive environment for self-development.

The target group for the scheme covers out of school adolescent girls (AGs) in the age group of 11 to 14 years.

Scheme for Adolescent Girls was sanctioned in the year 2010  in 205 districts across the country. Later, the expansion and universalisation of the Scheme for Adolescent Girls was done in additional 303 districts in 2017-18 and the remaining districts in 2018-19 with the simultaneous phasing out of Kishori Shakti Yojana (KSY). Thus at present, all districts in the country are covered under Scheme for Adolescent Girls.

During this age, the dangers faced by the girl child are child marriage and sexual assault. To safeguard them, Prohibition of Child Marriage act 2006 and Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012 . These acts are not gender specific. These laws safeguard the rights of all the children.

Will move forward in the journey of women in the next article.

Expected questions :

  1. What is the full form of SUMAN scheme?
  2. Which law prevents female feticide?
  3. What is the target group age for Scheme for Adolescent Girls?
  4. Which ministry implements SUMAN, JSSK schemes?

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