NASA to launch 1st crewed mission in almost a decade: Read complete detail here

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has announced that they will launch astronauts Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley to International Space Station (ISS) on May 27, 2020. This is the NASA 1st crewed mission in almost a decade, since the retirement of NASA’s Space Shuttle Program in 2011. Nasa has been utilizing Russian rockets for crewed flights since its space shuttle was retired in 2011.

A SpaceX rocket will carry two astronauts to the International Space Station (ISS) in Crew Dragon spacecraft. It will be the first time NASA astronauts have flown on a privately-designed spacecraft. The lift-off will be from Florida’s Kennedy Space Centre. The astronauts will spend as long as 110 days in space and they will return on Crew Dragon Capsule.

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Crew Dragon: NASA’s Spacecraft

The free-flying spacecraft Crew Dragon is designed to deliver both cargo and people to orbiting destinations. It’s the sole spacecraft currently flying that’s capable of returning significant amounts of cargo to Earth. Currently Dragon carries cargo to space, but it had been designed from the beginning to carry humans. The first demonstration flight under NASA’s. The Dragon spacecraft is capable of conveying up to 7 passengers to and from Earth orbit, and beyond.

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What is International Space Station:

The International Space Station programme is a joint undertaking between five participating space agencies:

  1. NASA (United States)
  2. Roscosmos (Russia)
  3. JAXA (Japan)
  4. ESA (Europe)
  5. CSA (Canada)

The station is fitted to the testing of spacecraft systems and equipment required for missions to the Moon and Mars.The station is part into two segments, the Russian Orbital Segment (ROS), which is operated by Russia, and subsequently, the United States Orbital Segment (USOS), which is shared by numerous nations. The ISS has been visited by astronauts, cosmonauts and space tourists from 19 different nations. As of September 2019, 239 people from 19 countries had visited the space station, many of them multiple times.

History of International Space Station:

Assembly of the International Space Station (ISS) started with the launches of the Russian control module Zarya on November 20, 1998, and the U.S.-built Unity connecting node the following month, which were linked in orbit by U.S. space shuttle astronauts. The International Space Station (ISS) took 10 years and quite 30 missions to assemble.

The space station is approximately the dimensions of a football field: a 460-ton, permanently crewed platform orbiting 250 miles above Earth. It is about fourfold as large as the Russian space station Mir and five times as large as the U.S. Skylab.

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