Reasoning is a game of wits and presence of mind! Yes, it is true and it might seem as the greatest of the challenge after English Section’s surprises but yet this one can easily be dealt with. You just need correct practice and hardwire your brain to quickly make decisions of what to attempt and what to leave. Practice with these new pattern reasoning question for NICL AO Exam.

Directions (1-5): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:
T, U, V, W, X, Y and Z live on a seven-storey building but not necessarily in the same order. The lowermost floor of the building is numbered 1, and the topmost floor is numbered 7. Each of them likes a car of different brands, viz, Lexus, Bugatti, Aston-Martin, Maserati, Isuzu, Porsche and Mini.
T lives on an odd-numbered floor but not on floor number 3. The one who likes Isuzu car lives immediately above T. Only two persons live between W and the one who likes Isuzu car. The one who likes Bugatti car lives on one of the odd-numbered floors but above W. Only three persons live between V and the one who likes Bugatti car. The one who likes Aston-Martin car lives immediately above V. The one who likes Lexus car live immediately above the one who likes Mini car. Z lives on an odd-numbered floor. Only one person lives between U and X. U lives on one of the floors above X. Neither V nor T likes Maserati car. X does not like Aston-Martin car.

Q1. Which of the following combinations is true?
(a) Floor no. 2 – Y – Aston-Martin
(b) Floor no. 7 – U – Maserati
(c) Floor no. 3 – V – Porsche
(d) Floor no. 5 – X – Lexus
(e) None of these

Q2. Who among the following lives on floor number 2?
(a) Z
(b) Y
(c) V
(d) W
(e) None of these

Q3. Which of the following statements is true with respect to the given arrangement?
(a) T likes Isuzu car.
(b) W lives on the fourth floor.
(c) Z lives on the topmost floor.
(d) X likes Lexus car and lives on the second floor.
(e) None of these

Q4. Which of the following car does T like?
(a) Porsche car
(b) Maserati car
(c) Lexus car
(d) Bugatti car
(e) None of these

Q5. How many persons live between the person who likes Maserati car and the one who likes Mini car?
(a) One
(b) Two
(c) Three
(d) Four
(e) None of these

Directions (6-10): Study the given information and answer the questions:
A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of an input and rearrangement.
Input:  they 68 also 59 called 76 for 33 greater 46 strength 91
Step I:  also they 68 59 called 76 for greater 46 strength 91 34
Step II: called also they 68 76 for greater 46 strength 91 34 60
Step III:  for called also they 68 76 greater 46 strength 34 60 92
Step IV:  greater for called also they 68 76 strength 34 60 92 45
Step V: strength greater for called also they 76 34 60 92 45 67
Step VI: they strength greater for called also 34 60 92 45 67 75

And Step VI is the last step of the rearrangement of the above input.
As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the given input.

Input:  because 56 such 29 act 24 put 17 extreme 32 risk 33

Q6. In which step the elements ‘56 such 18’ found in the same order?
(a) Step I
(b) Step II
(c) Step III
(d) Step V
(e)Step VI

Q7. In step IV, which of the following words would be at 3rd position to the left of 5th from the right end?
(a) act
(b) such
(c) because
(d) 56
(e) extreme

Q8. How many step required completing the above arrangement?
(a) Three
(b) Four
(c) Six
(d) Seven
(e) Five

Q9. Which of the following would be the step III after arrangement?
(a)  extreme because act 56 such 24 put 32 risk 18 30 34
(b) extreme because act 56 such 24 put 32 risk 30 18  34
(c) extreme because act 56 such 24 put 32 risk 34 30 18
(d) extreme because act 56 such 32 put 24 risk 18 30 34
(e) None of these

Q10. In step VI, ‘such’ is related to ‘55’ and ‘risk’ is related to ‘31’. In the same way ‘put’ is related to?
(a) 34
(b) 55
(c) 31
(d) 18
(e) 23

Directions (11-15): Each of the questions below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question.
Read both the statements and give answer.
(a) if the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
(b) if the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question
(c) if the data either in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.
(d) if the data given in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question, and
(e) if the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

Q11. How is A related to B?
I. P, who has only two kids, A and B, is the mother-in-law of Q, who is sister-in-law of B.
II. R, the sister-in-law of A, is the daughter-in-law of S, who has only two kids, A and B.

Q12. Point A is in which direction with respect to B?
I. Point Z is at equal distance from both point A and point B.
II. Walking 5 km to the East of point A and taking two consecutive right turns after walking 5 kms before each turn which leads to point B.

Q13. How is ‘can’ written in a code language?
I. ‘you can see’ is written as ‘la pa ni’ and ‘did you see’ is written as ‘jo ni pa’ in that code language.
II. ‘you did that’ is written as ‘pa si jo’ in that code language.

Q14. What is X’s position with respect to W when X, W, R, J and M are sitting around a circle facing the centre?
I. R is second to the left of M and second to the right of W.
II. J is not an immediate neighbour of M.

Q15. M, N, T and W are sitting around a circle facing at the centre. Who is to the immediate left of N?
I. M is between T and W and N is to the immediate left of T.
II. N is second to the left of M and adjacent to W.

Solutions

 Floor Person Car 7 Z Maserati 6 U Isuzu 5 T Bugatti 4 X Lexus 3 W Mini 2 Y Aston-Martin 1 V Porsche

S1. Ans. (a)

S2. Ans. (b)

S3. Ans.(c)

S4. Ans. (d)

S5. Ans. (c)

Solution (6-10):
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. When we see the each step, then we can find that there is both number and words are arranged in each step.
1) For words arrangement- In each word we have to see the first letter and then the first letter which is lowest among all letters of given word according to English dictionary arranges first to left. For example word- act (a is the first letter and also lowest among all the first letter of given word). So “act” arranges first to left and this process is continued in further step.
2) For number arrangement- Numbers are arranged according to following condition. In first step lowest odd number arranges first to right. And this process is continued in further step until all the odd number is arranged in third step. In fourth step lowest even number is to be arranged. And this process is continued in further step until all the even number are arranged (Each odd number is added by one (+1) while they are arranged and each even number is subtracted by one (-1) while they are arranged).

Input:  because 56 such 29 act 24 put 17 extreme 32 risk 33
Step I:  act because 56 such 29 24 put extreme 32 risk 33 18
Step II: because act 56 such 24 put extreme 32 risk 33 18 30
Step III: extreme because act 56 such 24 put 32 risk 18 30 34
Step IV: put extreme because act 56 such 32 risk 18 30 34 23
Step V: risk put extreme because act 56 such 18 30 34 23 31
Step VI: such risk put extreme because act 18 30 34 23 31 55

S6. Ans. (d)
Sol. This is the Step V: risk put extreme because act 56 such 18 30 34 23 31
“56 such 18” found in same order in step V.

S7. Ans. (d)
Sol. 56

S8. Ans.(c)
Sol. Six steps are required to complete the above arrangements.

S9. Ans.(a)

S10. Ans. (e)

S11. Ans.(a)

S12. Ans.(b)

S13. Ans.(a)

S14. Ans.(e)

S15. Ans.(a)

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