Reasoning Ability Quiz for IBPS 2021 Mains Exams- 2nd January

Directions (1-5): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:
Seven persons A1, B2, C3, D4, E5, F6, and G7 are sitting around an eight seated rectangular table in such a way that four seats are placed at each of the corners of the table and the other four seats are placed on the middle side of the table where one seat is remained vacant but not necessarily in the same order. The one who sits at the corner faces opposite to the center of the table and the one who sits at the middle side faces towards the center of the table. Persons sitting on opposite sides are exactly opposite to each other. All of them like different celebrities viz. Salman, Sara, Tara, Ananya, Sidharth, Varun, and Alia but not necessarily in the same order.
A1 does not sit near to D4. There are two persons sit between B2 and the one who likes Sidharth when counted to the left of B2. A1who likes Salman is an immediate neighbor of the one who likes Sidharth. Immediate seats of B2 are not vacant. The one who likes Varun sits 2nd to the right of the one who likes Alia and 3rd to the right of the one who likes Tara. The one who likes Sara sits diagonally opposite to the one who likes Salman. B2 does not sit at any of the corner sides of the table. D4 sits opposite to the one who likes Ananya. The one who likes Ananya is not an immediate neighbor of the one who likes Sidharth. No one sits between C3 and G7. Only one person sits between E5 and F6 when counted to the right of E5. G7 does not like Varun. A1 is not an immediate neighbor of E5.

Q1. Who among the following sits 2nd to the left of E5?
(a) The one who sits to the immediate left of C3
(b) B2
(c) G7
(d) Both (a) and (c)
(e) None of these

Q2. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and hence they form a group. Which one of the following does not belong to that group?
(a) D4
(b) C3
(c) A1
(d) G7
(e) E5

Q3. Which of the following statement is not true as per the given information?
(a) Both F6 and B2 sit opposite to each other
(b) No one sits to the immediate left of D4
(c) D4 likes Ananya
(d) C3 likes Varun
(e) All are true

Q4. The number of persons sit between A1 and G7 when counted to the left of A1 is same as the number of persons sit between E5 and ___ when counted to the left of E5?
(a) B2
(b) C3
(c) F6
(d) A1
(e) None of these

Q5. Who among the following faces to the one who likes Alia?
(a) D4
(b) A1
(c) G7
(d) E5
(e) None of these

Directions (6-7): Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions:
Pollution control can no longer be viewed as a national problem to be addressed by individual countries on the basis of national sovereignty. As the international effects of the Chernobyl nuclear accident make clear, pollutants do not respect political boundaries; thus, every nation has a legitimate stake in the environmental practices and policies of its neighbours.

Q6. Which of the following would be the most logical continuation of the argument above?
(a)So, growth of the nuclear power industry should be halted until more rigorous safety procedures have been developed.
(b)Hence, attempts made by one nation to impose its environmental policies on another should be resisted-if necessary, by force.
(c)Consequently, issues of pollution should be handled by an international commission with the authority to set policies for all nations.
(d)Thus, every nation should pledge itself to environmental policies that will minimize the danger to its neighbours.
(e)As a result,only the ultimate emergence of a sovereign world government will resolve today’s most pressing environmental dilemmas.

Q7.Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the view expressed in the passage?
(a)Acid rain from factories in the mid-western United States pollutes lakes in Canada.
(b)Soviet leaders refused western reporters access to safety records after the Chernobyl accident.
(c)Neighboring states within the United States are often unable to agree on joint pollution control efforts.
(d)Existing international bodies have no authority to impose pollution control regulations on member-nations.
(e)Fishers form Japanese fleets have increasingly depleted fish supplies in United States’ territorial waters.

Directions (8-9): Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions.
A@B means A is child of B
A$ B means A is parent of B
A#B means A is sibling of B
A % B means A is spouse of B
A&B means A is grandparent of B
+A/+B represents the male member of the family
-A/-B represents the female member of the family

Q8. If the statements “(+)P@S $Q@(-)T&(-)U ; (-)V#U@(+)R%Q” holds true, then how is S related to R?
(a) Father in law
(b) Mother in law
(c) Father
(d) Mother
(e) Sister

Q9. If the statements “(+)P@S $Q@(-)T&(-)U ; (-)V#U@(+)R%Q” holds true, and S’s age is twice of T’s age , then how many members are younger than S?
(a) Three
(b) Five
(c) Six
(d) Four
(e) None of these

Q10. Statement- India is buying over 1,000 new planes. However unprecedented expansion will place immense pressure on the aviation system. The industry currently appears to be underestimating the challenges ahead.
Which of the following could be the reason for the concerns about “challenges ahead” in the above statement?
(i) The buying frenzy, led by budget airlines like SpiceJet and IndiGo, is not without reason. Around 220 million Indians flew last year — an annual increase of 20%.
(ii) The country is on track to overtake the U.K. as the world’s third-largest aviation market by 2026.
(iii) Only 75 out of 400 airports are currently operational in India and even the biggest hubs like Mumbai, New Delhi and Chennai are bursting at the seams.
(a) Only (i)
(b) Both (i) and (ii)
(c) Only (iii)
(d) Both (ii) and (iii)
(e) None of these.

Q11. Statement- More than 9 million high-school students across China are taking the biggest exam of their lives known as the gaokao, this week. For millions of teenagers, it’s a big source of stress. For many businesses, it’s a great chance to make money.
Which of the following statements/facts substantiates the importance of this test for Chinese people?
(i) The grueling test determines where the students can go to university and what they’ll study.
(ii) Parents are willing to loosen the purse strings to try to ensure success, splashing out on private tutors, good luck charms and even luxury hotels.
(iii) Chinese students have also begun spending more on drugs and dietary supplements that they believe will improve their memory and attention.
(a) Only (i)
(b) Both (i) and (ii)
(c) Only (iii)
(d) Both (ii) and (iii)
(e) All (i), (ii) and (iii)

Q12. Statement-Controversial Calcutta High Court judge C S Karnan ended his tenure as a fugitive from law with no customary farewell being given to him. Sixty-two-year-old Justice Karnan has been evading arrest since May 9 after being sentenced to six months imprisonment for contempt of court by the Supreme Court.
Which of the following is not in line with the above statement?
(I)Earlier, the apex court had issued a bailable warrant against him to secure his presence in the contempt case.
(II)Despite several attempts, Justice Karnan has failed to get any relief from the apex court’s vacation benches which refused to hear his plea seeking a stay of its jail term order.
(III)He is, of course, first to be ordered arrested while holding the constitutional office of a high court judge.
(a)None of the above
(b)Both (I) and (II)
(c)Only (II)
(d)Both (I) and (III)
(e)All of the above

Directions (13-14): Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given below it.
P% Q means P is sibling of Q
P$Q means P is parent of Q
P#Q means P is grandparent of Q
P@Q means P is child of Q
P&Q means P is spouse of Q
+P/+Q represents the male members
-P/-Q represents the female members
If the expression (-)A & B @ (+)D # (+)F @ A $ E & (-)C $ K holds true , then find out

Q13. How B is related to K?
(a) Maternal grandfather
(b) Paternal grandmother
(c) Paternal grandfather
(d) Uncle
(e) None of these

Q14. If J is married to D, then how A is related to J?
(a) Mother
(b) Daughter-in-law
(c) Sister
(d) Sister-in-law
(e) Can’t be determined

Directions (15): Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given below it.
P% Q means P is sibling of Q
P$Q means P is parent of Q
P#Q means P is grandparent of Q
P@Q means P is child of Q
P&Q means P is spouse of Q
+P/+Q represents the male members
-P/-Q represents the female members

Q15.For which of the following expression, N is nephew of V holds true?
(a) S&(-)V$J%(+)N&K
(b) M%(-)N@(-)R#T%V
(c) U@(+)V$R%(-)Q&N#G
(d) N@(-)R&S$(+)N@R%V
(e) M%N@(-)R&S$(+)V

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Solutions

S6. Ans.(c)
Sol. The argument is leading up to call for some sort of international agency to control pollution, which, as the author claims, is an international problem. Thus (c) is the best response.

S7. Ans.(a)
Sol. The author cite one example of international pollution, so another example would help strengthen his claim. (a) provides such an example.

S10. Ans.(c)
Statement (i) and (ii) states a fact that supports this buying frenzy being carried out by aviation companies. Whereas (iii) clearly mentions that lack of infrastructure will be a major challenge that aviation companies might have to face in future.

S11. Ans.(e)
Sol. (i) states a fact that this test will determine the future career of the students and thus have a significant importance for them. The fact that parents are spending a lot of money to ensure the comfort of their children and the students spending money on supplements signifies the importance of this test, so (ii) and (iii) substantiates the statement.

S12. Ans.(a)
Sol. In the above question we have to find which statement does not support the given statement.
As all statement correlates and justifies the given statement. So all of the above are in line with given statement.

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