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# Reasoning Ability Quiz For IDBI AM/ Bank of India PO 2023 -10th March

Directions (1-5): A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and number rearranges them following particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of an input and its rearrangement.

Input: mobile 34 upper travel 42 27 head 58 arrow 62 77 demand
Step I: travel mobile 34 upper 42 27 head 58 arrow 62 demand 77
Step II: travel mobile head 34 upper 42 27 arrow 62 demand 77 58
Step III: travel mobile head demand 34 upper 42 arrow 62 77 58 27
Step IV: travel mobile head demand arrow 34 upper 42 77 58 27 62
Step V: travel mobile head demand arrow upper 42 77 58 27 62 34
Step VI: travel mobile head demand arrow upper 77 58 27 62 34 42

And Step VI is the last step of the above input. As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out the appropriate steps for the above input.

Input: inspire 55 jungle 86 view 22 74 around flower 66 ride 14

Q1. How many steps will be required to complete the rearrangement?
(a) V
(b) VII
(c) VI
(d) IV
(e) None of these

Q2. Which of the following would be at the seventh position from the left in step IV?
(a) 22
(b) inspire
(c) 14
(d) around
(e) None of these

Q3. Which step number would be the following output?
view ride jungle inspire 55 22 around flower 14 86 66 74
(a) IV
(b) III
(c) V
(d) II
(e) None of these

Q4. If in the last step all the words get rearranged in alphabetical order, which of the following words will remain at its original position?
(a) Jungle
(b) flower
(c) inspire
(d) ride
(e) No word

Q5. How many elements are there between “74‟ and “ride‟ in step II?
(a) Four
(b) Five
(c) Two
(d) Three
(e) Six

Directions (6-10): A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.

Input: every 31 choose teacher 22 47 world 11 62 static 35
Step I: 11 every 31 choose teacher 22 47 world 62 35 static
Step II: 11 31 every choose teacher 22 47 62 35 world static
Step III: 11 31 47 every teacher 22 62 35 choose world static
Step IV: 11 31 47 22 every 62 35 teacher choose world static
Step V: 11 31 47 22 35 62 every teacher choose world static

And step V is the last step of the above input. As per the rules followed in the above step, find out the appropriate step for the given output.

Input: start 17 48 grand back 23 minimum 61 25 science 16

Q6. Which element is exactly between the third element from left end and fifth element from right end in step IV?
(a) 48
(b) back
(c) start
(d) grand
(e) 16

Q7. In step II, ‘17’ is related to ‘back’ and ‘start’ is related to ‘61’. In the same way ‘minimum’ is related to?
(a) 25
(b) grand
(c) 23
(d) science
(e) 48

Q8. In which of the following step the elements “48 25 minimum” found in the same order?
(a) Step I
(b) Step IV
(c) Step III
(d) Step II
(e) no such step

Q9. In step II, what is the sum of fourth element from left end and third element from right end?
(a) 79
(b) 88
(c) 37
(d) 80
(e) 64

Q10. Which of the following element would be at the third from the left of the element which is sixth from the right end in step III?
(a) 61
(b) start
(c) back
(d) 16
(e) 48

Directions (11-15): In these questions, relationship between different elements is show in the statements. The statements are followed by conclusions. Study the conclusions based on the given statements and select the appropriate answer:
(a) If only conclusion I follows.
(b) If only conclusion II follows.
(c) If either conclusion I or II follows
(d) If neither conclusion I nor II follows.
(e) If both conclusions I and II follow.

Q11. Statements: U>I>X<M≤P<L=E≥R<T
Conclusion I: U>M II: E>M

Q12. Statements: W>R=T>Y<M<N≤X=D>F
Conclusion I: D≥N II: W>Y

Q13. Statements: S≥C>M≤O>L=P>R<T>H
Conclusion I: S>L II: O>T

Q14. Statements: X<M=U≥L>J=K>F<G≤R≥Y
Conclusion I: L≤R II: R>L

Q15. Statements: Z>W>T>D≤M<L≥I>O≥P=Q
Conclusion I: M>Q II: D<L

Solutions

Solutions (1-5):
Sol. Logic- The machine rearranges a word along with a number in each step.
Word: First it rearranges words starting with a consonant in reverse alphabetical order and then words starting with a vowel in alphabetical order at left end from left to right.
Number: Numbers are arranged in descending order according the sum of their digit at right end from left to right.

Input: inspire 55 jungle 86 view 22 74 around flower 66 ride 14
Step I: view inspire 55 jungle 22 74 around flower 66 ride 14 86
Step II: view ride inspire 55 jungle 22 74 around flower 14 86 66
Step III: view ride jungle inspire 55 22 around flower 14 86 66 74
Step IV: view ride jungle flower inspire 22 around 14 86 66 74 55
Step V: view ride jungle flower around inspire 22 86 66 74 55 14
Step VI: view ride jungle flower around inspire 86 66 74 55 14 22

S1. Ans. (c)
S2. Ans. (d)
S3. Ans. (b)
S4. Ans. (e)
S5. Ans. (a)

Solution (6-10):
Sol. In this input output question two numbers are arranged in each step following a certain pattern. Let us understand the logic behind it-
(i) For Words: Words are arranged according to the place value of the last letter in the alphabetical series from right to left in the right end. The word which has the last letter, which comes 1st in alphabetical series, is arranged first and so on. For example, “static and choose” in which we can see that “c” and “e” are last letters of both words, but c comes 1st, so “static” will be arranged 1st.
(ii) For Numbers: They are arranged in increasing order. The prime numbers are arranged first followed by composite numbers from left to right in left end.

Input: start 17 48 grand back 23 minimum 61 25 science 16
Step I: 17 start 48 back 23 minimum 61 25 science 16 grand
Step II: 17 23 start 48 back minimum 61 25 16 science grand
Step III: 17 23 61 start 48 minimum 25 16 back science grand
Step IV: 17 23 61 16 start 48 25 minimum back science grand
Step V: 17 23 61 16 25 48 start minimum back science grand

S6. Ans. (c)
S7. Ans. (d)
S8. Ans. (b)
S9. Ans. (e)
S10. Ans. (a)

Solution (11-15):
S11. Ans. (b)
Sol. I: U>M(False) II: E>M(True)

S12. Ans. (e)
Sol. I: D≥N(True) II: W>Y(True)

S13. Ans. (d)
Sol. I: S>L(False) II: O>T(False)

S14. Ans. (d)
Sol. I: L≤R(False) II: R>L(False)

S15. Ans. (b)
Sol. I: M>Q(False) II: D<L(True)

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