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Reasoning Ability Quiz For RBI Assistant/ ESIC UDC Mains 2022- 23rd April

Directions (1-5): A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.

Input: army 31 choose another 22 47 world 11 62 epic 35
Step I: 11 army 31 choose another 22 47 world 62 35 epic
Step II: 11 31 army choose another 22 47 62 35 world epic
Step III: 11 31 47 army another 22 62 35 choose world epic
Step IV: 11 31 47 22 army 62 35 another choose world epic
Step V: 11 31 47 22 35 62 army another choose world epic
And step V is the last step of the above input. As per the rules followed in the above step, find out the appropriate step for the given output.

Input: visit 17 48 grand black 23 opinion 61 25 science 16

Q1. Which element is exactly between the third element from left end and fifth element from right end in step IV?
(a) 48
(b) black
(c) visit
(d) grand
(e) 16

Q2. In step II, ‘17’ is related to ‘black’ and ‘visit’ is related to ‘61’. In the same way ‘opinion’ is related to?
(a) 25
(b) grand
(c) 23
(d) science
(e) 48

Q3. In which of the following step the elements “48 25 opinion” found in the same order?
(a) Step I
(b) Step IV
(c) Step III
(d) Step II
(e) no such step

Q4. In step II, what is the sum of fourth element from left end and third element from right end?
(a) 79
(b) 88
(c) 37
(d) 80
(e) 64

Q5. Which of the following element would be at the third from the left of the element which is sixth from the right end in step III?
(a) 61
(b) visit
(c) black
(d) 16
(e) 48

Directions (6-10): In each of the questions below are given some statements followed by some Conclusions. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read all the Conclusions and then decide which of the given Conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

Q6. Statements: A few minute are hour.
No hour are days.
Atleast days are week.
Conclusions:
I. Some day is minute is a possibility
II. Some week is not hour
III. No day is week
(a) Only I follows
(b) Only II follows
(c) Only I and II follow
(d) Only III follows
(e) None follows

Q7. Statements: No Earth is a Mars.
All Venus are Mars.
All Venus are Jupiter.
Conclusions:
I. At least some Jupiter are not Earth.
II. No Earth is Jupiter
III. No Venus is a Earth.
(a) Only I follows
(b) Only II and III follow
(c) Only I and III follow
(d) Only I and II follow
(e) None of these

Q8. Statements: Only a few wind are breeze.
Some air is tree.
All air are breeze.
Conclusions:
I. All wind is air is a possibility.
II. All breeze is wind is a possibility.
III. Some tree is breeze is a possibility.
(a) Only I follows
(b) Only II follows
(c) Only III follows
(d) Only II and III follow
(e) None of these

Q9. Statements: Only treasure are gems.
Only a few treasure is gold.
No treasure is jewel.
Conclusions:
I. All treasure are gold is a possibility.
II. All jewels are gold
III. Some gold not jewels.
(a) Only I follows
(b) Only II follows
(c) Only III follows
(d) Only I and II follow
(e) None of these

Q10. Statements: Only a few Magenta are Olive.
No Magenta is Orange.
No Black are Olive.
Conclusions:
I. Some Black are Orange is a possibility.
II. All Magenta is olive is a possibility.
III. Some magenta is black.
(a) Only I and III follow
(b) Only II follows
(c) Only II and either I or III follow
(d) Only I follows
(e) None of these

Directions (11-15): Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions.
Eight persons A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H are seated in a straight line but not necessarily in the same order. Some of them are facing south while some are facing north. There are two persons sitting between the person who like potato and the one who likes beans. Immediate neighbours of E face opposite directions (i.e., if one neighbour of E faces North then the other faces South and vice-versa). G sits second to the left of A who does not like cucumber and beans. A is not an immediate neighbour of H. The person who sits second to the right of H likes tomato. Neither A nor F sits at the extreme end of the line. Both the immediate neighbours of F face north. D sits to the immediate left of B. The persons sitting at the extreme end of the row like neither green chilli nor carrot. Immediate neighbours of G face opposite directions. People sitting at the extreme ends face the opposite directions. H who faces south does not like carrot. H sits fourth to left of C who likes lemon. C sits at one of the extreme ends of the line. Both the immediate neighbours of H face north and they like potato and cabbage.

Q11. How many persons are facing North direction?
(a) Three
(b) Four
(c) Six
(d) Five
(e) None of these

Q12. Who sits second to the left of the person who likes beans?
(a) C
(b) B
(c) G
(d) D
(e) None of these

Q13. How many persons sitting between B and A are facing North?
(a) Two
(b) Three
(c) Cannot be determined
(d) One
(e) Four

Q14. Who sits to the immediate left of A?
(a) C
(b) E
(c) H
(d) B
(e) F

Q15. Who among the following sits fourth to the right of G?
(a) The person who likes beans
(b) A
(c) C
(d) Either (a) or (c)
(e) No one

Solutions

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