The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary- An Air-Tight Case | 28 August

The Hindu Editorial Article of 28 August 2020 – An Air-Tight Case.

Air- Tight (adjective)
Meaning:- having no weaknesses; unassailable.

Dastardly (adjective) डरपोक
Meaning:- wicked and cruel.
Synonyms:- contemptible, cowardly
Antonyms:- honorable, respectable, worthy

Convoy (noun) रक्षक दल
Meaning:- (of a warship or armed troops) accompany (a group of ships or vehicles) for protection.
Synonyms:- attendance, attendant, companion
Example:- The second attack on the Scandinavian convoy occurred on 12th December.

Minutiae (noun) सूक्ष्म विचार
Meaning:- the small, precise, or trivial details of something.
Synonyms:- trivia, incidental
Example:- But it is unnecessary to trace these studies in all their minutiae.

Painstaking (adjective) मेहनती
Meaning:- done with or employing great care and thoroughness.
Synonyms:- careful, conscientious, diligent
Antonyms:- careless, lazy
Example:- No science or painstaking can make up for his not doing this.

Perpetrators (noun) अपराधी
Meaning:- a person who carries out a harmful, illegal, or immoral act.
Synonyms:- criminal, executioner
Example:- His sole ambition just now was to fix the crime definitely on the perpetrator.

Handlers (noun) संचालक
Meaning:- a person who trains or manages another person.
Synonyms:- administrator, boss
Antonyms:- employee, worker
Example:- He was already beginning to show his natural fitness as a handler of weapons.

Reconnaissance (noun) सैनिक परीक्षण
Meaning:- military observation of a region to locate an enemy or ascertain strategic features.
Synonyms:- exploration, surveillance
Example:- It was already dusk when we returned from the reconnaissance.

Indoctrination (noun) समझाना
Meaning:- the process of teaching a person or group to accept a set of beliefs uncritically.
Synonyms:- persuasion, brainwashing, instruction
Example:- The period of indoctrination varies in length with the individuals.

Battered (adjective) चकनाचूर
Meaning:- (of a thing) damaged by age and repeated use.
Synonyms:- bash, beat, bruise
Antonyms:- aid, assist, build
Example:- He looked round him for the battered article that served him for head-gear.

Retaliatory (noun) प्रतिशोध
Meaning:- the action of returning a military attack; counter-attack.
Synonyms:- disciplinary, penal, punishing
Antonyms:- beneficial, rewarding
Example:- It was the fear of retaliatory punishment that kept them aloof.

Deterioration (noun) क्षय
Meaning:- the process of becoming progressively worse.
Synonyms:- decline, degradation
Antonyms:- increase, ascent
Example:- The strong, pure heart had undergone a change, but not a deterioration.

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Proxy (noun) प्रतिनिधि
Meaning:- a person authorized to act on behalf of another.
Synonyms:- intermediary, stand-in
Example:- Now, professor, I am ready to do the cooking, but I have a fancy for doing it by proxy.

Militancy (noun) आतंकवाद
Meaning:- the use of confrontational or violent methods in support of a political or social cause.
Synonyms:- aggressiveness, hostility, antagonism
Example:- It is coloured with all the militancy of the author’s temperament.

Waned (verb) कम होना
Meaning:- (of a state or feeling) decrease in vigour or extent; become weaker.
Synonyms:- abate, atrophy, decrease
Antonyms:- brighten, develop, enhance
Example:- She waned before the eyes of the king, like daylight that must be gone.

Alienation (noun) अलगाव की भावना
Meaning:- the state or experience of being alienated.
Synonyms:- disaffection, estrangement
Antonyms:- agreement, connection
Example:- His widow, in spite of their alienation, mourned long and deeply.

Bifurcation (noun) विभाजन
Meaning:- the division of something into two branches or parts.
Synonyms:- complication, consequence
Antonyms:- cause, origin
Example:- Bifurcation: a forking or division into two: the point at which a forking occurs.

Detention (noun) निरोध
Meaning:- the action of detaining someone or the state of being detained in official custody.
Synonyms:- arrest, custody, delay
Antonyms:- aid, assistance
Example:- His detention was doubtless irregular, for by law he should have been sent beyond the seas.

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