The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary- Grim Sovereign Tangle | 3 September

The Hindu Editorial Article of 3 September 2020 – Grim Sovereign Tangle.

Grim (adjective) विकट
Meaning:- very serious or gloomy.
Synonyms:- bleak, cruel
Antonyms:- bright, cheerful
Example:- It was composed of the grim psychological laws that govern the abnormal.

Sovereign (adjective) सम्राट
Meaning:- possessing supreme or ultimate power.
Synonyms:-monarch, autocrat
Antonyms:- servant
Example:- “Be sovereign of Greece, and then enjoy ourselves,” said the king.

Tangle (verb) उलझन
Meaning:- become involved in a conflict or fight with.
Synonyms:-coil, labyrinth, mess
Antonyms:- order, organization
Example:- There was a tangle of undergrowth, and a heavy grove of palms.

Regime (noun) शासन
Meaning:- a government, especially an authoritarian one.
Synonyms:-administration, establishment
Example:- It was a regime that delighted to honor men of Don Carlos’s stamp.

Existential (adjective) अस्तित्व
Meaning:- (of a proposition) affirming or implying the existence of a thing.
Synonyms:-experiential, empirical
Antonyms:- unobserved, conjectural
Example:- They are too rigid, too “objective” in their own existential status.

Exacerbated (verb) बिगाड़ना
Meaning:- make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.
Synonyms:-aggravate, annoy
Antonyms:- aid, alleviate
Example:- To his exacerbated nerves its rich southern melodies were soothing.

Ceded (verb) सौंप दिया
Meaning:- give up (power or territory).
Synonyms:-capitulate, communicate
Antonyms:- fight, hold
Example:- For this additional consideration the Cherokees release all right to the ceded land, forever.

Levy (verb)
Meaning:- impose (a tax, fee, or fine).
Synonyms:-collect, exact
Antonyms:- give, displace
Example:- He pushed the dice aside and rose to release Levy from his bonds.

Subsumed (verb) सम्मिलित
Meaning:- include or absorb (something) in something else.
Synonyms:-classify, contain
Antonyms:- exclude
Example:- Everything else is subsumed in the positive science of Nature and history.

Asserted (verb) दावा करना
Meaning:- state a fact or belief confidently and forcefully.
Synonyms:-affirm, allege
Antonyms:- abandon, conceal
Example:- It was asserted that the system was only slavery under another name.

Cess (noun) उपकर
Meaning:- Cess is a form of tax charged/levied over and above the base tax liability of a taxpayer.

Kitty (noun) सामूहिक धन
Meaning:- a fund of money for communal use, made up of contributions from a group of people.

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Article from- The Hindu Editorial

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Contends (verb) संघर्ष करना
Meaning:- struggle to surmount (a difficulty).
Synonyms:-argue, confront
Antonyms:- agree, comply
Example:- Still he contends that these may be explained on the doctrine of evolution.

Specious (adjective) दिखौवा
Meaning:- superficially plausible, but actually wrong.
Synonyms:-deceptive, erroneous, false
Antonyms:- accurate, correct
Example:- Accounts for his plausible behaviour, and specious promises and proposals.

Curb (verb) नियंत्रण
Meaning:- restrain or keep in check.
Synonyms:-barrier, ledge
Antonyms:- freedom, center
Example:- Yet what can I say, for all men know that your valor needs the curb and not the spur.

Spur (verb) प्रेरणा
Meaning:- give an incentive or encouragement to (someone).
Synonyms:-activation, actuation
Antonyms:- block, deterrent
Example:- How can you think of such funny things on the spur of the moment?

Offing (Phrase)
Meaning:- likely to happen or appear soon
Synonyms:-assassination, bloodshed
Example:- The compliment was declined on the ground that their unit was in the offing.

Impasse (noun) कठिन स्थिति
Meaning:- a situation in which no progress is possible, especially because of disagreement; a deadlock.
Synonyms:-deadlock, dilemma
Antonyms:- solution, boon
Example:- According to them, the investigation into the activities of that ship had come to an impasse.

Engendered (verb) उत्पन्न करना
Meaning:- cause or give rise to (a feeling, situation, or condition).
Synonyms:-arouse, beget
Antonyms:- calm, destroy
Example:- The enthusiasm which this plan has engendered is very great.

Sagging (adjective)
Meaning:- becoming weaker; declining.
Synonyms:-dip, drop off
Antonyms:- ascend, grow
Example:- It is strictly a tie intended to prevent the sagging of the tie beam, B, in the middle.

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