The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary- Inevitable Collapse | 2 September

The Hindu Editorial Article of 2 September 2020 – Inevitable Collapse.

Hinge (verb) अटकना
Meaning:- depend entirely on.
Synonyms:- articulation, axis
Example:- If any part of the frame cracked, if the hinge creaked, I was a lost man!

Inevitable (adjective) अपरिहार्य
Meaning:- certain to happen; unavoidable.
Synonyms:- imminent, impending
Antonyms:- avoidable, distant
Example:- We are not, as some would have us believe, doomed to an inevitable decline.

Shrank (verb) सिकुड़ गया
Meaning:- become or make smaller in size or amount.
Synonyms:- decrease, diminish
Antonyms:- develop, enlarge
Example:- Of a sudden, she shrank again, and turned her head away, and her body trembled.

Stringent (adjective) कड़ी से कड़ी
Meaning:- (of regulations, requirements, or conditions) strict, precise, and exacting.
Synonyms:- binding, demanding
Antonyms:- amenable, calm
Example:- These stringent measures were not, however, put into effect at once

Abjured (verb) अस्वीकार करना
Meaning:- solemnly renounce (a belief, cause, or claim).
Synonyms:- forswear, recant
Antonyms:- allow, emphasize
Example:- They then ordered her “to abjure” publicly the various things of which she was accused.

Discretionary (adjective) विवेकाधीन
Meaning:- denoting or relating to investment funds placed with a broker or manager who has discretion to invest them on the client’s behalf.
Synonyms:- unrestricted, at the call
Antonyms:- nondiscretionary
Example:- It may be needless to add that a discretionary power was then extended to him.

Refrained (verb) परहेज
Meaning:- stop oneself from doing something.
Synonyms:- abstain, avoid
Antonyms:- carry on, continue
Example:- Brazzier was quick to comprehend the situation, and he refrained.

Plunging (adjective) डूबनेवाला
Meaning:- falling steeply.
Synonyms:- revealing, shocking
Example:- I’m going to go you, though I think you’re plunging on a hundred-to-one shot.

Omnibus (adjective) सार्वत्रिक
Meaning:- comprising several items.
Synonyms:- anthology, vehicle, whole
Example:- He was the owner of the omnibus which ran between Arromanches and Bayeux.

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Article from- The Hindu Editorial

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Falling out (noun) झगड़ा करना
Meaning:- a quarrel or disagreement.
Synonyms:- differ, quarrel
Antonyms:- agree, concur
Example:- If only that were so to fall out, I might yet contrive to mend the wreckage of my life.

Mitigation (noun) अल्पीकरण
Meaning:- the action of reducing the severity, seriousness, or painfulness of something.
Synonyms:- cure, extenuation
Antonyms:- increase
Example:- They promised themselves some mitigation of their sufferings.

Deficit (noun) कमी
Meaning:- an excess of expenditure or liabilities over income or assets in a given period.
Synonyms:- loss, shortfall
Antonyms:- abundance, adequacy
Example:- But the addition or subtraction disclosed a deficit and he exclaimed at it.

Vaunted (adjective) शेख़ी मारना
Meaning:- praised or boasted about, especially in an excessive way.
Synonyms:- boast, brag
Antonyms:- be modest, conceal
Example:- Where is all your vaunted skill if you can not save her life?

Erosion (noun) कटाव
Meaning:- the gradual destruction or diminution of something.
Synonyms:- corrosion, decrease
Antonyms:- rebuilding, strengthening
Example:- At the present rate of erosion it takes 2,640 years to eat away a mile.

Shedding (verb) झाड़ना
Meaning:- discard (something undesirable, superfluous, or outdated).
Synonyms:- desquamation, dropping
Example:- We were all embracing each other, and shedding tears of joy.

Swathe (noun) लपेटना
Meaning:- a piece or strip of material in which something is wrapped.
Synonyms:- bandage, clothe
Antonyms:- uncover
Example:- They sometimes so swathe the peaks with light as to abolish their definition.

Headwinds (noun) विपरीत परिस्थितियों
Meaning:- a wind blowing from directly in front, opposing forward motion.

Ordinances (noun) अध्यादेश
Meaning:- an authoritative order.
Synonyms:- authorization, canon
Antonyms:- disorganization, lawlessness
Example:- “If there were not an ordinance against the hurling of missiles,” finished the widower.

Tunnel (verb) सुरंग खोदना
Meaning:- dig or force a passage underground or through something.
Synonyms:- channel, hole, mine
Example:- The dirt from the tunnel is washed for the joint account of the two companies.

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