The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary- Sound and Fury | 26 August

The Hindu Editorial Article of 26 August 2020 – Sound and Fury.

Fury (noun) रोष
Meaning:- wild or violent anger.
Synonyms:- acrimony, energy, ferocity
Antonyms:- calm, calmness, glee
Example:- His own revolted town of Mantes was the first object of his fury.

Unwilling (adjective) अनिच्छुक
Meaning:- not ready, eager, or prepared to do something.
Synonyms:- afraid, averse, compelled
Antonyms:- eager, enthusiastic
Example:- America will not impose our own style of government on the unwilling.

Introspection (noun) आत्मनिरीक्षण
Meaning:- the examination or observation of one’s own mental and emotional processes.
Synonyms:- contemplation, meditation
Example:- Let us proceed at once to test our conclusion by introspection.

Orchestrate (verb) योजना बनाना
Meaning:- plan or coordinate the elements of (a situation) to produce a desired effect, especially surreptitiously.
Synonyms:- arrange, coordinate, manage
Antonyms:- disperse, divide
Example:- My work with Rimsky-Korsakov consisted of his giving me pieces of classical music to orchestrate.

Tirade (noun) निंदा
Meaning:- a long, angry speech of criticism or accusation.
Synonyms:- denunciation, diatribe
Antonyms:- compliment, praise
Example:- I had listened in a sort of fascination to that tirade of venomous mockery.

Credence (noun) विश्वसनीयता
Meaning:- belief in or acceptance of something as true.
Synonyms:- admission, assurance
Antonyms:- denial, disbelief
Example:- It is with great reluctance that we give any credence to this statement.

Interim (noun) मध्यकाल
Meaning:- meanwhile.
Synonyms:- provisional, acting
Antonyms:- finished, permanent
Example:- In the interim I had taken a long look at the face on the wall.

Senile (adjective) बूढ़ा
Meaning:- (of a person) having or showing the weaknesses or diseases of old age, especially a loss of mental faculties.
Synonyms:- aged, ancient, anile
Antonyms:- alert, well, young
Example:- Infantile paradoxy is, however, very different to senile paradoxy.

Gloss over (phrasal verb) छिपाना
Meaning:- to treat or describe (something, such as a serious problem or error) as if it were not important
Synonyms:- bypass, discard, disregard
Antonyms:- attend, regard
Example:- They draw this distinction when it is too late, and use it as a quibble to gloss over their fault.

Vilify (verb) गाली देना
Meaning:- speak or write about in an abusively disparaging manner.
Synonyms:- assail, berate, damn
Antonyms:- approve, cherish, commend
Example:- “Even that may be more pardonable than to vilify a good one,” said Mary.

Deflect (verb) मोड़ना
Meaning:- cause (something) to change direction; turn aside from a straight course.
Synonyms:- avert, bend, cover up
Antonyms:- stay, straighten
Example:- The novel like its style coloured, but did not deflect, the stream of English literature.

Staunch (adjective) निष्ठावान
Meaning:- very loyal and committed in attitude.
Synonyms:- ardent, loyal, reliable, stalwart
Antonyms:- disloyal, undependable, unreliable
Example:- The staunch old gentleman was still in his trust; had never left it.

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Article from- The Hindu Editorial

Degenerative (adjective) अपक्षयी
Meaning:- of or tending to decline and deterioration.
Synonyms:- backward, deteriorating, regressive
Antonyms:- improving, progressive, expanding
Example:- These organisms were described as “Laveran’s degenerative forms.”

Afflction (noun) यातना
Meaning:- a cause of pain or harm.

Crippling (adjective) गंभीर
Meaning:- causing a person to become unable to walk or move properly.
Synonyms:- debilitate, hamstring, hurt
Antonyms:- aid, assist, cure
Example:- He tossed Vulcan over a nearby cliff, crippling him for good.

Disingenuous (adjective) कपटी
Meaning:- not candid or sincere, typically by pretending that one knows less about something than one really does.
Synonyms:- deceitful, dishonest, false
Antonyms:- fair, frank
Example:-This expedient of mine, disingenuous as it was, was successful.

Reformists (noun) सुधारक
Meaning:- a person who advocates gradual reform rather than abolition or revolution.
Synonyms:- enlightened, flexible, humanistic
Antonyms:- intolerant, limited, narrow
Example:- Such is the language of reform, and the spirit of a reformist!

Magnanimity (noun) उदारता
Meaning:- the fact or condition of being magnanimous; generosity.
Synonyms:- chivalry, philanthropy
Antonyms:- meanness, selfishness
Example:- They have claims on the magnanimity and, I may add, on the justice of this nation which we must all feel.

Paved the way ( idiom) मार्ग प्रशस्त
Meaning:- to make it easier for (something to happen or someone to do something)
Synonyms:- announce, offer, open
Antonyms:- conceal, deny, dissuade

Obduracy (noun) पक्का होना
Meaning:- the quality or state of being obdurate
Synonyms:- contumacy, doggedness, grimness
Example:- His obduracy, with which you are acquainted, has exceedingly increased.

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