Example: India should come out of its policy bottleneck where every act of its generosity is for immediate self-aggrandizement rather than long-term gain.
1. Bottleneck [bot-l-nek]
Noun: a narrow entrance or passageway; a place or stage in a process at which progress is impeded.
Synonyms: barrier, blockage, congestion, hindrance, impediment, snag, traffic jam, block, clog, jam, obstruction, hold-up.
Antonyms: aid, assistance, help, opening.
2. Aggrandizement [uh-gran-diz-muh nt]
Noun: an act or instance of aggrandizing, or increasing in size, or intensity; the act of making something appear greater than is actually warranted by the facts; expansion of power, wealth, rank, or honor.
Synonyms: elevation, ennoblement, glorification, tribute, aggrandization, praising.
Example: If a nation’s resilience is tested by its response to the crisis in its surroundings, then India isn’t the super power it tries to project itself as. A superpower must have enough will to, as Uncle Ben suggested to Spiderman, take “great responsibility,” and should not just assemble state-of-the-art artilleries to flex in its Republic Day parades.
3. Resilience [ri-zil-yuh ns, -zil-ee-uh ns or ri-zil-yuh n-see, -zil-ee-uh n-see]
Noun: the power or ability to return to the original form, position, etc., after being bent, compressed, or stretched; elasticity; ability to recover readily from illness, depression, adversity, or the like; buoyancy.
Synonyms: flexibility, pliancy, recoil, snap.
4. Artillery [ahr-til-uh-ree]
Noun: mounted projectile-firing guns or missile launchers, mobile or stationary, light or heavy, as distinguished from small arms; the troops or the branch of an army concerned with the use and service of such weapons; the science that treats of the use of such weapons.
Synonyms: battery, cannon, ordnance, arms, bazooka, force, gunnery, munitions, rainmakers, stovepipe, weapons, big guns, cannonry, heavy stuff.
Example: For some time, this relationship has ceased. The Economic Surveys have come to increasingly reflect the predilections and preferences of its authors, raising the question whether Economic Surveys are designed to trigger intellectual debate and become incubators of nascent ideas.
5. Cease [sees]
Verb: to stop; discontinue; to come to an end.
Synonyms: break off, desist, discontinue, fail, halt, quit, refrain, terminate, close, culminate, die, drop, end, finish, intermit, stay, surcease.
Antonyms: begin, carry on, complete, continue.
6. Predilection [pred-l-ek-shuh n, preed-]
Noun: a tendency to think favorably of something in particular; partiality; preference.
Synonyms: fondness, leaning, penchant, predisposition, proclivity, propensity, bent, bias, dish, druthers, fancy, flash, groove, inclining, liking.
Antonyms: disinclination, dislike, hate, hatred.
7. Incubator [in-kyuh-bey-ter, ing-]
Noun: an apparatus in which eggs are hatched artificially; an enclosed apparatus in which prematurely born infants are kept in controlled conditions, as of temperature, for protection and care; an apparatus in which media inoculated with microorganisms are cultivated at a constant temperature.
Synonyms: incubator, breeding place.
8. Nascent [nas-uh nt, ney-suh nt]
Adjective: beginning to exist or develop.
Synonyms: burgeoning, fledgling, growing, incipient, promising, beginning, blossoming, germinal, germinating, maturing, opening, potential, pullulating.
Antonyms: dying, shrinking, withering.
Example: That said, this Economic Survey has transparency and candour.
9. Candour [kan-der]
Noun: the state or quality of being frank, open, and sincere in speech or expression; candidness; freedom from bias; fairness; impartiality.
Synonyms: directness, fairness, frankness, honesty, outspokenness, probity, simplicity, sincerity, truthfulness, artlessness, forthrightness, glasnost, impartiality, ingenuousness.
Antonyms: deceit, dishonesty, lying, unfairness.
Example: Is the media under siege?
10. Siege [seej]
Noun: the act or process of surrounding and attacking a fortified place in such a way as to isolate it from help and supplies, for the purpose of lessening the resistance of the defenders and thereby making capture possible; any prolonged or persistent effort to overcome resistance; a series of illnesses, troubles, or annoyances besetting a person or group.
Synonyms: annoy, bedevil, beset, plague, badger, blockade.
Antonyms: aid, make happy, please, assist, help, soothe.