English Language Section has given heebie-jeebies to the aspirants when they appear for a banking examination. As the level of every other section is only getting complex and convoluted, there is no doubt that this section, too, makes your blood run cold. The questions asked in this section are confusing and very time-consuming. But once dealt with proper strategy, speed, and accuracy, this section can get you the maximum marks in the examination.
Directions (1-15): In the passage given below there are blanks which are to be filled with the options given below. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering the meaning of the statement.
A recent (1)……….. on evolution in Montreal posed to high-school students and university professors the following question: “Do you think that humans are still (2)…………?” Approximately 80% of the audience answered “no.” Indeed, there is an almost (3)………… belief that, with multifaceted cultures and (4)………… technology, humans have freed themselves from the (5)………… of (6)………… selection. Recent (7)……….., however, show otherwise. Far from providing (8)……….. against evolutionary pressures, culture often (9)……….. new ones. For example, the genes (10)……… with digestion of lactose are more (11)………… in populations that have (12)…………. bred cattle and consumed milk. In scientific reviews in Nature Genetics and Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, the evolutionary biologist Stephen Stearns and his colleagues set out to (13)…………. that natural selection operates on contemporary humans. Supported by (14)……….. genealogies, including centuries of church and national health registries, their argument is (15)…………
Sol. symposium– a conference or meeting held for the discussion of a particular topic.
Sol. evolving- that which is under transformation or a change
(a) spread over
Sol. universal- common to all society; unlimited; vast; infinite; common to all the members of the group or class
Sol. intricate– having a great deal of fine detail or complexity
Sol. pressures– a force above someone/something
Sol. natural– pertaining to the characteristics of nature
Sol. findings– results of research or an investigation
Sol. immunity– the state of being insusceptible (unlikely to be affected by something/someone); a resistance to a specific thing
Sol. creates– generates
Sol. associated– in a close relation with
Sol. prevalent– dominant
Sol. traditionally– pertaining to traditions or conventions
Sol. demonstrate– to show or display
Sol. extensive– serving to extend or lengthen
Sol. convincing– persuading