Daily The Hindu Vocab: 1st July 2019


The democratic party is struggling to provide an alternative to xenophobic populism.
The crowded stage of 24 aspirants for the Democratic nomination for the 2020 U.S. presidential election is indicative of a larger crisis that has gripped the party. The first primary debate took place over two days this week. The fragmentation of the Democratic constituency, which is increasingly less than the sum of its parts, is evident. The frontrunner is former U.S. Vice President Joe Biden, who, at 76, is 30 years older than the average age of three Democratic Presidents who reinvented the party at critical junctures — John F. Kennedy, Bill Clinton, and Barack Obama. Carrying the burden of his 50 years in politics, Mr. Biden was in the crossfire of his rivals. Mr. Biden was accused of clinging on and compromising with, racist positions and segregationists in the past. His positions, indefensible by the present standards of justice and progress, were taken in a different era and century. That the Democratic Party is re-litigating these issues in a 21st-century primary contest with the same man at the center is a sign of its inability to evolve a forward¬looking agenda articulated in appealing and inspiring idioms. California Senator Kamala Harris gained significant momentum for her bid with narrations of moving personal experiences that echoed the protracted struggles for justice and equality in America. Ms. Harris and Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren are two women candidates in the fray with comparable agendas that propose some fundamental restructuring of the American political economy. They will be competing with Bernie Sanders, who nearly felled Hillary Clinton in the 2016 primaries, to be the flag-bearer of the progressive strain within the Democratic spectrum, and potentially the candidate. Mr. Sanders’s trailblazing campaign in 2016 de-stigmatized socialism for many, but that has not resolved the central question that baffles American Democrats: how to deal with globalized capitalism. Resolutions to a number of issues such as border security, immigration, healthcare, global trade, and minimum wages are predicated on renegotiating the terms of American capitalism and its democracy. The New Deal politics of Franklin Roosevelt that built American welfarism withered over the decades and the tensions between capitalism and democracy came to the fore. The challenge before American Democrats is to confront this question head-on and offer futuristic solutions rather than lamenting over the lost order, which is far more arduous than harping on cultural questions. Attempts in that direction were feeble and guarded during the first primary debate. Whether or not the U.S. will have a platform other than xenophobic populism to regroup will depend on how Democrats get their act together
                                                                                                        Source: The Hindu Editorial
Check the meaning of the bold words used in this passage:
Meaning: serving as a sign or indication of something.
Synonym: symptomatic, expressive,
Antonym: Concealing, interrogative

Gripped(Verb)कसकर पकड़ना
Meaning: take and keep a firm hold of; grasp tightly.
Synonym: grasp, clutch,
Antonym: loose, receive 

Front-runner(Noun)सामने दौड़नेवाला
Meaning: the contestant that is leading in a race or other competition.
Synonym: Favorite, peacemaker
Re-litigating(Verb) मुकदमेबाजी करना
Meaning: To dispute, debate, contest again.
Synonym: prosecute, dispute
Antonym: agree 

Meaning: lasting for a long time or longer than expected or usual.
Synonym: prolonged, extended
Antonym: curtail, shorten
Meaning: describe or regard as worthy of disgrace or great disapproval.
Synonym: condemn, denounce
Antonym: Award, credit

Meaning: introducing new ideas or methods; innovative or pioneering.
Synonym: innovative, radical
Antonym: conservative
Renegotiating(Verb)फिर से बातचीत की
Meaning: negotiate (something) again in order to change the originally agreed terms.
Synonym: Talk terms, negotiate
Antonym: fail, buy
Meaning: express passionate grief about.
Synonym: mourn, grieve
Antonym: celebrate, rejoice
Harping(Verb)गाना गा
Meaning: talk or write persistently and tediously on (a particular topic).
Synonym: dwell, reiterate, repeat
Antonym: forbid, fearfulness

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