English Language Quiz for IBPS 2020 Mains Exams- 24th December

Directions (1-5): In each of the following sentence there are three blank spaces. Below each sentence there are five options and each option consists of three words which can be filled up in the blanks in the sentence to make the sentence grammatically correct.

Q1. __________ the India Meteorological Department _________ its monsoon forecast wrong this year, its modelling has __________ come under the spotlight.

(a) along, taking, questionably
(b) by, rejecting, primarily
(c) of, acquiring, imperatively
(d) with, getting, necessarily
(e) over, reaching, importantly

Q2. The fallout of _________ on numbers to gauge a phenomenon as geographically and quantitatively ________ as the Indian monsoon is that it has ripple effects of tricking everyone from policymakers to the stock markets that a ‘normal’ monsoon _________ all will be well with rainfall distribution.

(a) consolidating, blended, justifies
(b) focusing, varied, implies
(c) purposing, variegated, divulges
(d) incorporating, differed, contends
(e) regulating, diversed, explicates

Q3. The financial capital ________ mainly on the 300 km suburban _______which has some of the highest passenger _______ for any city railway in the world.

(a) remains, faction, equalities
(b) confers, regulation, adiposities
(c) depends, system, densities
(d) rests, network, viscidities
(e) locates, method, dimensions

Q4. The number of private vehicles and taxis has _______ in Mumbai by four and six times, respectively, over the past two decades, _________ to lobbying for wider roads and more flyovers, while mass mobility systems and facilities for walkers and cycle-users have not _________ similar attention.

(a) perfected, advancing, offered
(b) spread, increasing, endorsed
(c) profused, preceding, accustomed
(d) extended, forwarding, established
(e) grown, leading, received

Q5. Railway Minister Piyush Goyal has called for a quick _______ of the suburban stations to identify areas of _______, but this is something that should have been done without waiting for a disaster, and it must now be _______ to all cities.

(a) assessment, review, radiated
(b) examined, propensity, eloquent
(c) survey, concern, extended
(d) evaluation, pursuit, curtailed
(e) estimation, avocation, faltered

Directions (6-10): Five statements are given below, labelled a, b, c, d and e. Among these, four statements are in logical order and form a coherent paragraph. From the given options, choose the option that does not fit into the theme of the paragraph.

Q6.
(a) The commencement of work on India’s Shinkansen—the global pioneer of High Speed Rail (HSR) in 1964—was greeted with the euphoria that India had gained entry into the exclusive club of nations with an HSR.
(b)Moreover, the repayment schedule, spread over 50 years, including an initial moratorium of 15 years, gave the project an almost-free ring.
(c) Modi and his Japanese counterpart, Shinzo Abe, formally launched the project to introduce the Shinkansen—popularly known as the bullet train—between Sabarmati and Mumbai on September.
(d) But there are no worries, said Modi that day.
(e) The project for the 508-kilometre line is expected to cost Rs.110,000crore—at the rate of Rs.217 crore per km.

Q7.
(a)A six-member bench voted four to two in favour of cancelling the presidential election and ordering a new one within 60 days.
(b)The court said that the “recently concluded election was not conducted according to the Constitution” and was therefore “invalid, null and void”.
(c)It blamed the country’s Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC), as the Kenyan election commission is called, for not following the basic principles of transparency and the rule of law in conducting the election.
(d) THE Kenyan Supreme Court’s unexpected decision in the last week of August to nullify the election victory of incumbent President Uhuru Kenyatta in the general election held on August 8 is being hailed as a landmark judgment, unprecedented in the politics of the African continent.
(e)It will have to cough up a similar amount in order to conduct the election in a more credible way in the rerun which has been scheduled for October 17.

Q8.
(a)Prime Minister NarendraModi has signalled he is serious about providing this by owning responsibility for its realization.
(b)The Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana, or the ‘Saubhagya’ scheme, launched by Mr. Modi aims to make electricity accessible to every household by the end of 2018.
(c) Paradoxically, amidst the government’s claims that India is a power-surplus nation, the power generation utilities remain vastly under-utilised.
(d) Universal access to electricity has been a familiar and long-standing promise of governments at the Centre.
(e)Success, however, will require more than just budgetary fund allocation; it will depend largely on addressing structural issues that plague the broken power sector.

Q9.
(a)At 640 tonnes, it is the heaviest vehicle ISRO has built so far.
(b) They cannot be copied from elsewhere and set up here.
(c)It required the setting up of brand new infrastructure facilities at various ISRO centres.
(d) Chiefly the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), Thiruvananthapuram; the Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC), Valiamala, 30 km from Thiruvananthapuram; the ISRO Propulsion Complex (IPRC) at Mahendragiri near Nagercoil in Tamil Nadu; and the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) at Sriharikota.
(e)Behind the success of the GSLV-MkIII D1 lay 15 years of developmental efforts of the vehicle’s massive strap-on motors, the core liquid stage and the crucial cryogenic stage.

Q10.
(a)The study of cosmic rays had a shock in store for physicists.
(b)When it, named positron, came closer to an electron, both went with a bang and vanished into pure energy, photons.
(c)One of them was a shocker; it had the same mass and other characteristics of an electron, but it was positively charged.
(d)The hundreds of subatomic particles gave physicists an inkling that they could not be the founding bedrock of fundamental particles.
(e)Other than the electron, the proton and the neutron, cosmic rays yielded an impressive array of new particles.

Directions (11-15) : Each of the following statements has a part missing. Choose the best option from the four alternatives (a), (b), (c) or (d) given below the statement to complete the sentence. Choose (e) if None of the statements suits the sentence.

Q11. I first saw this book at a newly opened café at my workplace. The title, 40 Rules of Love, ______ like that of a romantic novel. So I ignored it.
(a) at first seeming by me
(b) at first seemed to me
(c) at first seem to me
(d) at first seeming to me
(e)None of these

Q12. In this endless virtual fight for exposing oneself to the world every day, one seems ______ and real relations.
(a) to lose the real self
(b) to lost the real self
(c) to losing the real self
(d) to loss the real self
(e)None of these

Q13. Mapping the music of a legend like Manna Dey has to be envisioned across layers. This ______ in the latest collection that hits the market soon.
(a) had done beautifully
(b) had been doing beautifully
(c) has been doing beautifully
(d) has been done beautifully
(e)None of these

Q14. His presentation highlighted the symbiotic relationship among Indian paintings, Indian aesthetics and cosmology. The selection for the presentation ______ from antiquity.
(a) was spread across a wide spatio-temporal zone
(b) was spreading across a wide spatio-temporal zone
(c) has been spread across a wide spatio-temporal zone
(d) will have been spreading across a wide spatio-temporal zone
(e)None of these

Q15. She began by asking why India and Pakistan grew so differently in democratic traditions. She ______ the nature of their freedom movements, the class differences in their following, and the history of the two main political parties.
(a) said it is because of
(b) says it was because of
(c) said it was because of
(d) saying it is because of
(e)None of these

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Solutions

S1. Ans. (d)
Sol. ‘with, getting, necessarily’ is the correct set words making the sentence meaningful.

S2. Ans.(b)
Sol. ‘focusing, varied, implies’ is the correct set words making the sentence meaningful.
Variegated means marked by variety.
Explicates means analyse and develop.
Contends means struggle to surmount.

S3. Ans.(c)
Sol. ‘depends, system, densities’ is the correct set words making the sentence meaningful.
Adiposities means the quality or state of being fat.
Viscidities means having a glutinous consistency :viscous.

S4. Ans.(e)
Sol. ‘grown, leading, received’ is the correct set words making the sentence meaningful.
Profused means very plentiful, abundant.

S5. Ans.(c)
Sol. ‘survey, concern, extended’ is the correct set words making the sentence meaningful.
Avocation means a hobby or minor occupation.
Curtailed means reduce in extent or quantity, impose a restriction on.
Faltered means lose strength or momentum.

S6. Ans. (b)
Sol. Going through the sentences, we find that sentences caed form a coherent paragraph while sentence (b) is not a part. Paragraph talks about the launching of the project of bullet train Shinkansen which costs Rs. 110,000 crore and hence India entered into the exclusive club of nations with an HSR. Sentence (b) talks about the  repayment schedule, which is unrelated to the other sentences. Hence sentence (b) is the correct choice.

S7. Ans. (e)
Sol. The coherent paragraph is about nullifying the election victory of President by court as according to court the election was not conducted according to the Constitution, blaming the country’s Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission. Hence dabc form a coherent paragraph while sentence (e) is not a part as it talks about the similar account to conduct the election, which is not mentioned in other sentences. Hence sentence (e) is the correct choice.

S8. Ans. (c)
Sol. Sentences daeb are forming a coherent paragraph while sentence (c) is not a part of the paragraph. The paragraph revolves around the theme of tackling the structural issues of power sector by the central government to ensure universal access to electricity through launching the scheme called The Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana, or the ‘Saubhagya’ scheme. Sentence (c) is unrelated and focuses on the absurdity of the governmental claims. Hence sentence (c) is the correct choice.

S9. Ans. (b)
Sol. Going through the sentences, we find that it talks about the successful launch of GSLV- MK III and what is required to make it a success like setting up of brand new infrastructure facilities while sentence (b) is out of context and fails to connect with the other sentences. Hence sentence (b) is the correct choice.

S10. Ans. (d)
Sol. Sentences aecb form a coherent paragraph stating about the study of cosmic rays yielding a new particle called photon having same mass and other characteristics of an electron, bringing shock for physicists. Sentence (d) is not forming a part of the paragraph as it talks about the subatomic particles giving physicists an idea about not founding bedrock of fundamental particles, which is completely unrelated to other sentences. Hence option (d) is the correct choice.

S11. Ans.(b)
Sol. The sentence is in the simple past tense; it must have V^2. So, options (a), (c) and (d) are ruled out.
Hence, option (b) is the answer.

S12. Ans.(a)
Sol. The sentence is in simple present tense, so it must have V^1. Options (b), (c) and (d) are incorrect.
Hence, option (a) is the answer.

S13. Ans.(d)
Sol. IN the present perfect tense (indefinite time), there should be ‘has/have + been + V^3’. So, options (a), (b) and (c) are ruled out.
Hence, option (d) is the answer.

S14. Ans.(a)
Sol. The sentence is in the simple past tense. Options (c) and (d) are ruled out because they take ‘has been’ (present perfect) and ‘will have been spreading’ (future perfect continuous), respectively. Option (b) is not right because it uses ‘was spreading’ (past continuous).
Hence, option (a) is the answer.

S15. Ans.(c)
Sol. The sentence is in the simple past tense. Option (b) and (d) are ruled out because they use ‘says’ and ‘saying’, respectively. In option (a), the use of ‘is’ after ‘said’ is incorrect.
Hence, option (c) is the answer.

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