Directions (1-10): In the following passage, some of the words have been left out, each of which is indicated by a number. Find the suitable word from the options given against each number and fill up the blanks with appropriate words to make the paragraph meaningfully complete.
The floods that have __(1)___ parts of eastern and western India, leaving at least 600 people dead and __(2)____ thousands, highlight the need for a massive capacity-building programme to __(3)___ with frequent, destructive weather events. A monsoon deluge is not an uncommon __(4)___ in the subcontinent, and there is considerable variability in the duration and frequency of rainfall in different regions. Moreover, there is a clear trend of even drought-prone regions in Gujarat and Rajasthan ___(5)____ floods, in addition to the traditional axis covering States along the Brahmaputra and the Ganga. What people in the flood-hit regions expect of governments is speedy __(6)____ and rehabilitation. __(7)_____ financial losses is crucial for a return to normality, and the Centre has announced a ___(8)_____ for the next of kin of those who have died. But there are other actions people need on the ground: short-term housing, food, safe water, access to health care and protection for women, children and the elderly. Given the weak foundations of social ___(9)____ in policymaking, these factors have a/an ___(10)___ impact during natural calamities.
Q1. (a) exploited
Q2. (a) displacing
Q3. (a) worry
Q4. (a) reality
Q5. (a) vilifying
Q6. (a) treatment
Q7. (a) Alleviating
Q8. (a) return
Q9. (a) practice
Q10. (a) aggravated
S1. Ans. (c)
Sol. Scorched means burn the surface of (something) with flame or heat.
Rotted means decay or cause to decay by the action of bacteria and fungi; decompose.
Exploit means make full use of and derive benefit from.
S2. Ans. (a)
Sol. Relegating means assign an inferior rank or position to.
Evicting means expel (someone) from a property, especially with the support of the law.
S3. Ans. (b)
Sol. ‘deal’ is the correct word that fits to the blank making the sentence meaningful. Capacity building programmes are meant to deal with the weather events. Hence all other options are irrelevant.
S4. Ans. (b)
Sol. ‘occurrence’ is the correct word for the blank as here the issue is regarding monsoon floods which occurred in several parts of the country. All other options do not fit into the blank.
S5. Ans. (d)
Sol. Vilifying means speak or write about in an abusively disparaging manner.
Slandering means make false and damaging statements about.
Abiding means lasting a long time; enduring.
S6. Ans. (e)
Sol. ‘relief’ is the correct word that makes the sentence meaningful as the next word after blank is rehabilitation, so the blank must be filled by the word similar to it.
S7. Ans. (a)
Sol. Alleviating means make (suffering, deficiency, or a problem) less severe.
Sustaining means strengthen or support physically or mentally.
Succoring means give assistance or aid to.
Abetting means encourage or assist someone to commit.
S8. Ans. (b)
Sol. Solatium means a thing given to someone as a compensation or consolation.
Emolument means a salary, fee, or profit from employment or office.
Redemption means the action of saving or being saved from sin, error, or evil.
S9. Ans. (d)
Sol. Incite means encourage or stir up.
Urge means a strong desire or impulse.
S10. Ans. (a)
Sol. Aggravated means made more serious by attendant circumstances.
Enraged means furious.
Exasperated means irritate intensely; infuriate.
Livid means angry.