SBI Clerk Mains English Language Quiz
Is your DREAM to get selected in SBI Clerk 2020 recruitment? Well
, then you must speed up your preparation as the Main exam which is the final step towards selection will soon be announced. So, students should utilize this time intelligently.
The English Language is one of the subjects you’ll need to deal with and to help you keep your preparation up to the mark, here we provide you with a questionnaire of English Language to crack SBI Clerk Main. For other subjects, you can check the SBI Clerk Mains Study Plan.
Directions (1-5): Read the passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/ phrases are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
It’s half past four on a sweltering
afternoon in Jodhpur. At the end of a narrow lane in the walled city a metal gate seems to close off a dilapidated monument. Walk through it though, and a series of steps leads you into a well the size of a large swimming pool. There are arches above the well at regular intervals and it’s easy to sense, from the surrounding air, that the water runs cold. A group of young men are splashing about inside, occasionally emerging with handfuls of dirt or stray pieces of garbage that they place at the top of the steps. They have been working for days and through their efforts, the water inside seems clean, almost luminescent.
Satayanarayanjikabawari, the small stepwell named after the temple next to it, is one of hundreds of similar structures, all part of an ancient network of water storage that the city of Jodhpur was once famous for, but now lie neglected. On this afternoon, the young men from the colony around the Stepwell are participating in an initiative started by a local environmental activist, Rajesh Joshi, to clean and revive some of them.“The old city of Jodhpur has over 200 Stepwells and they were built from around the 6th century onward as part of an incredibly sophisticated
water architecture,” he explains. During the little rain that the region receives between June and September water is diverted from canals built on the hilly outskirts of the city to man-made tanks or talabs. It then seeps into the ground, raising the water table and recharging an intricate
network of aquifers that were built deep, with steps narrowing down to the well to minimise the water that could evaporate. All that changed after 1996, when the Indira Gandhi canal brought water from the Sutlej River in Punjab and the government started supplying piped water to households. “Earlier people had to collect water from the Stepwells with buckets but once piped water came there was suddenly a surfeit
and then people no longer cared. They started using the Stepwells to just dump garbage,” says Dhananjaya Singh, whose family owns a hotel in Jodhpur and is involved in the restoration of the Toorjikajhalra, another Stepwell in the old city.
The surfeit, however, didn’t last. Mr. Singh says that over the past few years water from the canal only supplies some households once in two or three days. That, and the constant possibility that Punjab could one day decide to terminate the water supply, made Mr. Singh and others think seriously about making the walled city at least, self-sufficient for water consumption. Cleaning and recharging the Stepwells, he says, is the first step toward that. Since most of them have fallen into disuse, Stepwells are often seen as archaic structures that are not factored into modern town planning.
In an upscale housing colony called Umaid Heritage on the outskirts of the city, a Jodhpur-based architect, AnuMridul, is attempting an experiment to change that by creating a modern interpretation of a bawari.A 900-foot-long structure with endless panels of interlocking beams and pillars, it is the first new stepwell created in over a century and Mr. Mridul says it can hold up to 17.5 million litres of water. Once operational, it will be used primarily for rainwater harvesting. Mr. Mridul says the idea of building a stepwell rather than relying solely on tanks was motivated by the recognition that the State had a falling water table and the government was struggling to supply water through the canal. The model, he says, can be emulated
in other parts of the country even if it is not built on the same scale as the Umaid project. “All you need is a natural slope to build a Stepwell or otherwise, water can be lifted from different parts. Like the way in which the ancient system in Jodhpur connected all parts of the water architecture, city planners can look at incorporating Stepwells into the existing networks,” he says.
Beyond Jodhpur, districts of western Rajasthan suffer from acute drinking water shortages as they receive only about 200 mm of rainfall per year. Water-restoring structures such as the rainwater tanks and talabs have fallen into disuse given the over-reliance on the government.“Successive governments promise pipelines and other things because politics in this region is played out through water. So what we are trying to do is teach people to be more self-sufficient,” says Kanupriya Harish, head of the JalBhagirati Foundation, an NGO that works to optimise management of scarce water resources. She adds that despite the acknowledgment by the State government that rainwater harvesting is vital — Chief Minister VasundharaRaje in January this year launched the JalSwavlambanYojna to promote the use of rainwater accumulated through traditional methods — implementation on the ground remains slow.
Which statement(s) is /are true regarding Stepwells?
(i) Water is diverted from canals built on the hilly outskirts of the city to man-made tanks or talabs.
(ii) Since it’s working is complex it can’t be be emulated in all parts of the country.
(iii)State government is unconcerned and is not promoting the use of traditional methods of rain water harvesting and are only concentrating on modern methods.
(a) Only (iii).
(b) Both (i) and (iii).
(c) Only (ii).
(d) Only (i).
(e) None of these.
What can be the most suitable title for the passage?
(a) The last drop.
(b) Stepwell : the best method for rain water harvesting.
(c) Conservation: Lessons from ancient India.
(d) Need for water conservation.
(e) Saving water in Jodhpur.
Why residents of Jodhpur think there is a need for self sufficient water consumption system?
(a)So as to promote the use of rainwater accumulated through traditional methods.
(b) As the government is not serious towards the acute shortages of the water.
(c) Because the ones built in ancient India are not good enough.
(d) Modern technologies are not of any use in rainwater harvesting and people are suffering due to it.
(e)As there is a possibility that Punjab could one day decide to terminate the water supply.
Why intricate network of aquifers were built deep?
(a)So that it can’t be harmed by the environmental conditions outside.
(b)So as to save it from the garbage disposals so that it can be pure.
(c)So as to minimise the water that could evaporate.
(d)Because the ancient people weren’t technically sound.
(e)Since that there can be less wastage of water
What was the main reason because of which people of Jodhpur ‘no longer cared’?
(a)Because the water was in abundance in Jodhpur earlier.
(b)Because they thought tanks and talabs were sufficient in fulfilling their requirements.
(c)Because government didn’t promote the use of rainwater accumulated through traditional methods.
(d)They were helpless as they didn’t know how they could have conserved it so they were used to it.
(e)Indira Gandhi canal brought water from the Sutlej River and people no longer had to carry the buckets from well
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