SBI Clerk Mains English Language Quiz
Is your DREAM to get selected in SBI Clerk 2020 recruitment? Well
, then you must speed up your preparation as the Main exam which is the final step towards selection will soon be announced. So, students should utilize this time intelligently.
The English Language is one of the subjects you’ll need to deal with and to help you keep your preparation up to the mark, here we provide you with a questionnaire of English Language to crack SBI Clerk Main. For other subjects, you can check the SBI Clerk Mains Study Plan.
Directions (1-5): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below them. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
There is a school of thought that is concerned about the extremes of capitalism that have given rise to morally reprehensible
practices by large enterprises. These range from predatory lending and market manipulation in the financial sector to tech companies’ abuse of personal data and emissions cheating in the automobile industry. They threaten trust and cooperation, which is the foundation of well-being and productivity. An alternative to these extremes is to expand and embrace the broad base provided by small enterprises, which is the biggest segment. This will not only provide a foundation to their well-being, but also increase productivity and jobs. There is another school of thought that small is not beautiful. Small enterprises are not productive, create bad jobs, and are not connected with the rapidly changing forces of urbanization, globalization, and technology.
How have formal enterprises impacted informal enterprises in India, and vice versa? Empirical evidence suggests that there are strong positive linkages, and spillovers, between small and large enterprises. Small firms in the unorganized sector are important suppliers of inputs to large firms in the organized sector. Employment and output in the organized sector are greater in those states in India that have a greater presence of unorganized suppliers of inputs. A 10% rise in employment of unorganized sector suppliers increases the employment of organized sector buyers by 16%.
Higher quality in small enterprises does not squeeze the size of the large firms by providing an incentive for enterprises to stay small. Instead, boosts in total factor productivity of small enterprises in the unorganized sector in supplying industries in turn boosts
the real output in the organized sector. And sectors that depend on large enterprises tend to have more productive small enterprises of the unorganized variety. This is because as large enterprises get more productive, they also demand higher quality inputs from smaller enterprises. Small enterprises respond by expanding their employment.
An important concern for policymakers is that growth in the manufacturing sector is turning out to be “jobless growth”. Large- scale manufacturing enterprises tend to be more skill- intensive. Most of the employment generation occurs in small and medium enterprises, in organized and unorganized sectors, and in ancillary
plants that are linked with large-scale factories. Even in highly industrialized states like Gujarat that have attracted and retained large-scale manufacturing, employment growth has been disappointing, as ancillary plants have not grown.
Small enterprises account for the majority of jobs in India. Much of India’s urbanization is occurring through small, informal enterprises as they move into cities in search of better infrastructure. Conversely, large enterprises—especially land-intensive enterprises in the manufacturing sector—are moving out of cities and into rural areas in search of lower land costs to remain competitive. Thus, an inclusionary rather than exclusionary approach to the urban informal economy is needed. There should be adequate provision
of city infrastructure to aid informal enterprises. Cities should find ways to ensure that urban informal jobs are integrated into urban plans, land allocation, and zoning regulations, that the urban informal workforce gains access to markets, and that organizations of informal workers are invited to participate in procurement schemes and policymaking processes. The more that Indian cities recognize this influx, and design appropriate policies and investments to support it, the more effective the policy interventions will be. A bottom-up approach will be more effective than a top-down approach.
Q1. What is/ are the different outlook (s) related to large and small enterprises discussed in paragraph 1?
(I) Rise of capitalism advocates malpractices by large enterprises.
(II) Both large and small enterprises affect urbanization, globalization and technology of a country.
(III) Small enterprises do not contribute growth of the economy.
(a) Only (I)
(b) Both (I) and (II)
(c) Only (II)
(d) Both (I) and (III)
(e) All are correct
Q2. According to the passage, are small and large enterprises friends or foes? And How?
(I) Friends, as small enterprises are source of various resources to large enterprises.
(II) Foes, as both are providing a competitive environment to each other.
(III) Friends, as both small and large enterprises are linked positively with each other.
(IV) Foes, as large enterprises dominate small enterprises in organized sector.
(a) Only (II)
(b) Both (II) and (IV)
(c) Only (I)
(d) Both (I) and (III)
(e) Only (IV)
Q3. How is it correct to say that the two sectors nurture each other?
(a) Higher the productivity of large enterprises, greater will be the demand of inputs from smaller enterprises.
(b) total factor productivity of small enterprises boosts the real output of large enterprises.
(c) The large enterprises enable job creation affecting the small enterprises.
(d) Both (a) and (b)
(e) All of the above
Q4. Why are there majority of jobs in small enterprises as compared to large enterprises?
(a) As large enterprises require large capital to withhold large labour.
(b) As there is lack of assistance by government to large enterprises.
(c) As there is lack of adequate resources in large enterprises.
(d) As large- scale enterprises need skilled labour which is lacking in India.
(e) All of the above
Q5. Which bottom- up approach has been defined in the passage?
(a) Trade among other countries is needed by both the enterprises.
(b) To remain competitive, there is need to enhance their enterprises by empowering every citizen.
(c) to overcome the challenges faced by small and large enterprises, there is need to ensure better city infrastructure and land allocation to the respective enterprises.
(d) Adequate skills need to be imparted in the Indian workers.
(e) All of the above.
To attempt the complete quiz refer to the links given below:
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If you are preparing for SBI Clerk Mains Exam, then you can also check out a video for English below:
Word Replacement (Part-1) | English for SBI Clerk Mains 2020