Flag of India: Indian Flag Color Meaning, History, and Design

Flag of India:- The National Flag of India is a horizontal tricolor in saffron, white and green color with the Ashoka Chakra at the center with a 24-spoke wheel. India’s flag was adopted on 22nd July 1947 in Constituent Assembly , after India became independent from British rule. In India, the word “tricolor” mention to the Indian flag. India’s flag is a parallel tricolor in equal proportion of saffron (orange) on the top, white in the middle and green at the bottom. In this article we will discuss all about the National Flag of India, Indian Flag color Meaning, History and about the design.

Indian Flag Color Meaning

In the Indian National Flag, the top band is of Saffron color, which indicates the strength and courage of the country. Our leaders must be unique and away from material gains and dedicate themselves to their work The white band middle band indicates peace and truth with Dharma Chakra. The white color denotes, the path of truth to guide our conduct. The last band is green in color shows the fertility, growth, and auspiciousness of the land. The green color shows our relation to plant life, on which all other life depends. Ashok Chakra at the center of the white strip denotes the law of dharma.

Design of Flag of India

The rectangular tricolor flag consists of three equal segments, saffron on the uppermost, white in the middle, and green at the lowest. At the center of the white stripe is an Ashok Chakra is located in navy blue. It is a round hollow wheel and has 24 spokes radiating from the center. The RGB values for referring to the colors of the Indian National flag are India saffron #FF9933, white #FFFFFF, India green #138808, and navy blue #000080. The dimension of the flag should be of a 2:3 ratio, i.e. the length should be 1.5 times the breadth. 

The flag is to be prepared from Khadi, hand-woven cotton or silk, following the manufacturing protocols laid out by the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). The Khadi Development and Village Industries Commission holds the right to manufacture the Indian National flag and as of 2009, the responsibility lies with the Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha. 

Image Credit:https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/4/41/Flag_of_India.svg

History of the Indian Flag

Before the Sepoy Mutiny in 1857, the shattered nation of India was denoted by the individual flags of the various princely states. Post the Sepoy Mutiny, the British set Imperial rule in India and a flag was introduced to represent the British colony of India. The flag was blue, with the Union Jack on the upper left corner, and a star surrounds by a crown on the downright corner. 

The first unofficial flag was hoisted by the Indians on August 7, 1906, in Parsee Bagan, Calcutta. The rectangular flag consisted of three horizontal bands of green, yellow, and red from top to bottom. The foremost green segment contained 8 lotuses representing 8 zones, the middle yellow segment pierce the words Bande Mataram in Sanskrit and the bottom red band had a semicircle on the left and sun on the right-hand side. 

An improved version of the previous flag was hoisted in 1907 by Madame Cama and her group of exiled revolutionaries in Paris. The uppermost strip had 7 lotuses rather than 8 and it was the first time the color saffron was used in the flag.

In the next decade, so many concepts were proposed for the flag but they did not gain popularity. In 1921, Mahatma Gandhi proposed a tricolored flag with the symbol of the spinning wheel at its center. But growing demands for further changes led him to change the interpretations of the colors into something more secular. The lowest Red represented sacrifice, middle green stripe represented hope and the topmost white stripe represented peace. 

The version of the flag closest to the current one came into existence in 1923. It was designed by Pingali Venkayya and had the saffron, white and green stripes with the spinning wheel placed in the white section. It was hoisted on April 13, 1923, in Nagpur during an event commemorating the Jallianwallah Bagh Massacre. It was named the Swaraj Flag and became the symbol of India’s demand for Self-rule led by the Indian National Congress.

The intent to adopt the tricolor as the National Flag of India was passed in 1931. On July 22, 1947, the Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Swaraj Flag as the National Flag India with the Ashok Chakra replaced the spinning wheel.


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