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GA Topper Series: Study Notes Part 4

In this article, we are providing you with the International organization which are important for RBI Grade B & other upcoming exams.

1. WHO- World Health Organisation

  • Director-General: Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus  (Ethiopia)
  • Headquarters: Geneva Switzerland
  • Total Members: 193
  • Parent organization United Nations Economic and Social council
  • Formation: 7 April 1948

News : 

  • WHO estimates nearly 1.49 crore excess Covid-19 deaths in 2020-21, almost half in India
  • Ministry of Ayush had signed the host Country Agreement with World Health Organization (WHO) for establishing the WHO Global Centre for Traditional Medicine (GCTM) in India
  • WHO launches ‘quit tobacco’ application
  • India has strongly reacted to the incorrect depiction of India’s map on the World Health Organization’s (WHO) website showing the COVID-19 data

2. IMF – International Monetary Fund

  • Managing Director- Kristalina Georgieva 
  • Total Members: 190 
  • Headquarters: Washington, D.C., U.S. 
  • Year:1945 

News

  • IMF unveils new trust to help ‘vulnerable’ countries: resilience and sustainability trust
  • IMF names UC-Berkeley’s Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas as the next chief economist succeeding Gita Gopinath

3. World Bank 

  • President: David Malpass 
  • Headquarters: Washington, D.C.,
  • Year: 1944 

News 

  • World Bank Lowers India GDP Growth Forecast To 8% In FY23
  • World Bank has approved a USD 47 million project to support the Government of India’s Mission Karmayogi, a national programme to strengthen civil service capacity.
  • The government of India, Karnataka and Odisha and the World Bank has signed $115 million loan agreement to implement, Rejuvenating Watersheds for Agricultural Resilience through Innovative Development (REWARD) Programme.

4. FATF: Final Action Task Force

  • President: Dr Marcus Pleyer
  • Total Members: 39
  • Headquarters: Paris, France
  • Year: 1989 

News

  • Financial Action Task Force (FATF) continues to retain Pakistan in its terrorism financing “grey list”.
  • Zimbabwe has been removed from the Greylist while UAE has been added

5. ITTF: International Table Tennis Federation

  • Chief Executive Officer: Steve Dainton
  • Head Quarters: Lausanne, Switzerland 
  • Year:1926

News

  • Manika Batra achieves career-best ranking of 38, Sathiyan new world no 34

6. IFC: International Finance Corporation

  • Managing Director: Makhtar Diop 
  • Headquarters: Washington, D.C.,
  • Year: 1956 

News 

MEDD Maharashtra & IFC collaborated to Strengthen Medical Education

7. World Athletics 

  • Sebastian Coe (President)
  • Headquarters: Quai Antoine, Monaco
  • Year:  1912 

8. International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) 

  • President: Francesco Rocca 
  • Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland 
  • Year: 1919 

9. WEF – World Economic Forum

  • Executive Chairman: Klaus Schwab
  • Headquarters: Cologny, Geneva, Switzerland 
  • Year:1971 

News 

  • A new report titled “Fostering Effective Energy Transition 2022
  • WEF & NITI Aayog to Focus on Emerging Tech to Benefit Small & Marginal Farmers
  • World Economic Forum and the National Institute of Urban Affairs (NIUA) signed an MoU to collaborate on a jointly designed ‘Sustainable Cities India program’.

10. NASA: National Aeronautics and Space Administration 

  • Administrator: Bill Nelson 
  • Headquarters: Washington, D.C., United States 
  • Year: 1958 

News

  • NASA Launches Endurance Mission to Examine Earth’s Life Supporting Nature
  • The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope is celebrating its 32nd birthday with a stunning look at an unusual close-knit collection of five galaxies, called the Hickson Compact Group 40.
  • Europa Clipper Spacecraft made by NASA
  • NASA has launched the Phase II of its ‘Watts on the Moon Challenge’.
  • HERMES stands for “Heliophysics Environmental and Radiation Measurement Experiment Suite” and is planned to be launched in November 2024
  • Parker Solar Probe has captured the first visible-light images of the surface of Venus from space.
  • NASA has announced two new science missions named the Multi-slit Solar Explorer (MUSE) and HelioSwarm.
  • The NASA-funded Asteroid Terrestrial-impact Last Alert System (ATLAS) has become the first observatory capable of searching the entire dark sky every 24 hours for hazardous near-Earth objects (NEOs).

11. BWF: Badminton World Federation 

  • President: Poul-Erik Høyer Larsen 
  • Headquarters: Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 
  • Year: 1934 

News 

  • Tasnim Mir has become the first Indian to grab the World number 1 rank in Under-19 (U-19) Girls Singles category in the latest Badminton World Federation (BWF) junior rankings.

12. FAO: Food Agriculture Organisation

  • Chairman: Qu Dongyu 
  • Headquarter: Rome
  • Year: 1945 

News

World Pulses Day: Feb 10

13. UNEP: United Nations Environment Programme 

  • Headquarter: Nairobi
  • Year: 1972 
  • Head: Inger Andersen

News 

  • UNEP signs MoU with Maharashtra Govt to Implement Climate Change Action
  • UNEP@50: Special Session (50th Session) of the UN Environment Assembly held in NairobiU.N. Environment Programme (UNEP) has predicted that plastic pollution is set to triple by 2040.

14. OIE: World Organisation for Animal Health, formerly the Office International des Epizootie

  • Headquarters: Paris 
  • Year: 1924
  • Head: Dr Monique Eliot 

One health programme

15. ADB: Asian Development Bank

  • Headquarters: Manila Philippines
  • Year: 1966
  • Head: Masatsugu Asakawa

News

  • Asian Development Bank to provide a $2 million loan to support urban development in Nagaland
  • Asian Development Bank (ADB) & French firm Louis Dreyfus Company BV’s (LDC) have signed a USD 100 million (around Rs 760 crore) loan agreement.
  • ADB partners with HSBC Bank to set up a Partial Guarantee programme
  • USD 4.6 billion of sovereign loan has been provided by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to India in 2021 including USD 1.8 billion for coronavirus response
  • the Asian Development Bank (ADB) has signed a USD 350 million loan agreement to improve access to urban services in Ind

16. UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization 

  • Headquarters: Paris
  • Year: 1945
  • Head: Audre Azoulay

News

  • Indian Hotels Company (IHCL), has partnered with United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) for intangible heritage
  • Kolkata Durga Puja enters UNESCO’s ‘Intangible Heritage’ list
  • United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has added the Nordic “clinker boats” to its Cultural Heritage List

Also Check:

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