IBPS PO Prelims English Language Mini Mock Test 5 - Practice Set_00.1
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IBPS PO Prelims English Language Mini Mock Test 5 – Practice Set

Directions (1-8): Select the phrase/connector (STARTERS) from the given three options which can be used to form a single sentence from the two sentences given below, implying the same meaning as expressed in the statement sentences.

Q1. (A) China economic troubles will not go away.

(B) The government must boost domestic consumption and reduce the reliance on exports.

(i) Although China is facing economic ………..

(ii) Unless the Chinese government boosts …….

(iii) China’s economic troubles are……..

(a) Both (ii) & (iii)

(b) Both (i) & (ii)

(c) Only (iii)

(d) Only (ii)

(e) All (i), (ii), (iii)

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Q2. (A) The judges held that the Nairobi government had not acted in good faith.

(B) The government had withheld crucial evidence from the prosecution.

(i) As crucial evidence had been…….

(ii) Ever since the government withheld ……..

(iii) Although the government had withheld……..

(a) Only (i)

(b) Only (ii)

(c) Both (i) & (iii)

(d) Both (i) & (ii)

(e) all (i), (ii), (iii)

Q3. (A) The Rome Statute made a modest beginning to ensure that serious atrocities committed by elected representatives do not go unpunished.

(B) The genesis of the Rome Statute was adopted in 1998.

(i) Even though the Rome Statute……….

(ii) The genesis of the Rome Statute…..

(iii) Adopted in 1998, the genesis ……….

(a) Only (ii)

(b) Both (i) & (ii)

(c) All (i), (ii), (iii)

(d) Both (i) &(iii)

(e) Only (ii) & (iii)

Q4. (A) Recovering materials from garbage should be a high priority.

(B) India is the third highest consumer of materials after China and the U.S

(i) Although India is the …………

(ii) Considering that India is the third…..

(iii) Owing to the fact that India……….

(a) only (iii)

(b) only (ii)

(c) both (i) & (iii)

(d) Both (ii) & (iii)

(e) all (i), (ii), (ii)

Q5. (A) Markets in the past still have been pushed up aggressively by the ample liquidity provided by central banks.

(B) Company earnings and other fundamental issues have been lackluster.

(i) Inspite of lackluster company ………..

(ii) Since the markets in……..

(iii) Whereas markets in the past …….

(a) Only (iii)

(b) Both (i) & (iii)

(c) Both (ii) & (iii)

(d) Only (i)

(e) all (i), (ii), (iii)

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Q6. (A) The CEA is cautiously confident that the slump in investment has bottomed out.

(B) The CEA identifies slump in investment as the key driver of growth, jobs and demand.

(i) Ever since the slump in investment……

(ii) Identifying the slump in investment as……

(iii) Due to the slump in investment……….

(a) Only (iii)

(b) Both (ii) & (iii)

(c) Only (ii)

(d) Both (i) & (ii)

(e) all (i), (ii), (iii)

Q7. (A) Supreme Court had to restore the system of having a wider pool of posts in which the quotas for OBC, SC and ST could be effectively applied.

(B) The system was restored in the interest of social justice.

(i) The quotas for OBC, SC and ST….

(ii) The system in interest of quotas………

(iii) In the interest of social justice, Supreme……….

(a) only (ii)

(b) only (iii)

(c) both (ii) & (iii)

(d) both (i) & (iii)

(e) all (i), (ii), (iii)

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Q8. (A) The Securities and Exchange Board of India introduced a new standard framework for credit rating agencies last month

(B) The Securities and Exchange Board of India came up with more stringent regulations to govern the management of mutual funds.

(i) Last month, credit rating agencies……

(ii) Besides introducing a new ………

(iii) After introducing a new standard …….

(a) Both (i) & (ii)

(b) Both (i) & (iii)

(c) Both (ii) & (iii)

(d) Only (ii)

(e) None of these

Direction (9-15):In question given below there are two statements, each statement consists of two blanks. You have to choose the option which provides the correct set of words that fits both the blanks in both the statements appropriately and in the same order making them meaningful and grammatically correct.

Q9. (1) Confidence was increasing that men, through __________ and effective action, could __________ their existence and even prolong their lives.
(2) Others, perhaps with greater __________, wanted the struggle to continue in order to __________ the conditions of the peasants in the countryside.

(a) prodigal, fortify
(b) discrimination, vitiate
(c) improvidence, remediate
(d) foresight, ameliorate
(e) shortsightedness, blemish

Q10. (1) A shopkeeper with red pimples on his cheeks near the nose, and a calm, __________, calculating expression on his plump face, hurriedly and __________ approached the officer, swinging his arms.

(II) The party has been __________ with its representatives and today some of them have become __________ rich and some even preach a gospel of wealth.

(a) relentless, modestly
(b) persistent, ostentatiously
(c) faltering, calmly
(d) vacillating, plainly
(e) hesitant, moderately

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Q11. (I) The legal system currently punishes the most __________ forms of child abuse and neglect, but such crimes are __________ to prove.

(II) Demonetization was the most __________ step taken by Modi government and it made the life of common people __________ for next few months.

(a) modest, brutal
(b) concealed, facile
(c) unobtrusive, comfortable
(d) inconspicuous, superficial
(e) egregious, arduous

Q12. (I) His plans, probably not very definite, were disturbed by an __________ message from the queen, ordering him not to return to England without her __________.

(II) The events which were taking place in Europe made it __________ to send home a part of the army of Africa, and Medea gave his __________ for the same.

(a) dispensable, revocation
(b) unimportant, injunction
(c) imperative, consent
(d) discretionary, deterrence
(e) inconsequential, embargo

Q13. (I) The__________ modern being is a bit like Howard Roark, who in Ayn Rand’s The Fountainhead sits atop a metaphorical mountain __________ to view life from a distance.

(II) For the subordinates, the __________ managerial role was to create a supportive environment within which they could prosper professionally without being __________ by anyone.

(a) quintessential, condemned
(b) substandard, endorsed
(c) atrocious, eulogized
(d) ordinary, consecrated
(e) mediocre, venerated

Q14. (1) Recent _____________ will reduce the number of lower house seats to 465 from 475 in the ______________ election.

(2) A number of _____________ are needed within the province of railroad management before the _____________ plebiscite.

(a)reforms, upcoming

(b)revamp, future

(c)amendments, closing

(d)uplift, imminent

(e)shifts, destined

Q15. (1) A sudden _____________ in the afternoon sent revellers helter skelter to protect themselves from getting wet, but as soon as the downpour stopped, the carnival ___________ was back to its best.

(2) A/An ____________ of red-hot stones warned him that he was near the volcano, but his ____________ got the better of him.

(a)exhibition, speed

(b)shower, fervor

(c)deluge, fire

(d)drizzle, spirit

(e)surge, weakness

Solutions

S1. Ans. (d)
Sol.
Only the second starter can be used to frame a logical and comprehensive sentence connecting both the sentences given as the question. The other two starters are incorrect owing to their variable meanings. The correct statement thus formed will be:

“Unless the Chinese government boosts domestic consumption and reduces the reliance on exports, China’s economic troubles will not go away.”

S2 Ans. (a)

Sol. Only the first starter can be used to frame a logical and comprehensive sentence connecting both the sentences given as the question. The other two starters are incorrect owing to their variable meanings. The correct statement thus formed will be:

As crucial evidence had been withheld from the prosecution, the judges held that the Nairobi government had not acted in good faith.

S3. Ans. (e)

Sol. Both the starters (ii) and (iii) can be used to connect the given set of two sentences to form a meaningful statement. However, the second starter is incorrect as it would alter the meaning of the actual sentence. The correct statements thus formed will be:

The genesis of the Rome Statute, adopted in 1998, made a modest beginning to ensure that serious atrocities committed by elected representatives do not go unpunished.

Adopted in 1998, the genesis of Rome Statute made a modest beginning to ensure that serious atrocities committed by elected representatives do not go unpunished.

S4. Ans. (d)

Sol. Both the starters (ii) and (iii) can be used to connect the given set of two sentences to form a meaningful statement. However, the second starter is incorrect as it would alter the meaning of the actual sentence. The correct statements thus formed will be:

Considering that India is the third highest consumer of materials after China and the U.S, recovering materials from garbage should be a high priority.

Owing to the fact that India is the third highest consumer of materials after China and the U.S, recovering materials from garbage should be a high priority.

S5. Ans. (d)

Sol. Only the first starter can be used to frame a logical and comprehensive sentence connecting both the sentences given as the question. The other two starters are incorrect owing to their variable meanings. The correct statement thus formed will be:

Inspite of lacklustre company earnings and other fundamental issues, markets in the past have been pushed up aggressively by the ample liquidity provided by central banks.

S6. Ans. (c)

Sol. Only the second starter can be used to frame a logical and comprehensive sentence connecting both the sentences given as the question. The other two starters are incorrect owing to their variable meanings. The correct statement thus formed will be:

Identifying the slump in investment as the key driver of growth, jobs and demand the CEA is cautiously confident that it has bottomed out.

S7. Ans. (b)

Sol. Only the third starter can be used to frame a logical and comprehensive sentence connecting both the sentences given as the question. The other two starters are incorrect owing to their variable meanings. The correct statement thus formed will be:

In the interest of social justice, Supreme Court had to restore the system of having a wider pool of posts in which the quotas for OBC, SC and ST could be effectively applied.

S8. Ans. (c)

Sol. Both the starters (ii) and (iii) can be used to connect the given set of two sentences to form a meaningful statement. However, the first starter is incorrect as it would alter the meaning of the actual sentence. The correct statements thus formed will be:

After introducing a new standard framework for credit rating agencies last month, the Securities and Exchange Board of India came up with more stringent regulations to govern the management of mutual funds.

Besides introducing a new standard framework for credit rating agencies last month, the Securities and Exchange Board of India came up with more stringent regulations to govern the management of mutual funds.

S9. Ans. (d)
Sol. ‘foresight, ameliorate’ is the pair of words that fits in the two sentences to make both the sentences grammatically and contextually complete. Hence, option (d) is the most appropriate choice.
Foresight means the ability to predict what will happen or be needed in the future.
Ameliorate means make (something bad or unsatisfactory) better.

Prodigal means spending money or using resources freely and recklessly; wastefully extravagant

Vitiate means spoil or impair the quality or efficiency of.

Improvidence means the quality or state of not foreseeing and providing for the future

Remediate means to settle (disputes, strikes, etc.) as an intermediary between parties; reconcile.

Blemish means a small mark or flaw which spoils the appearance of something.

S10. Ans. (b)
Sol. ‘persistent, ostentatiously’ is the pair of words that fits in the two sentences to make both the sentences grammatically and contextually complete. Hence, option (b) is the most appropriate choice.

Persistent means continuing firmly or obstinately in an opinion or course of action in spite of difficulty or opposition.

Ostentatiously means in a pretentious or showy way designed to impress.

Relentless means unceasingly intense.

Modestly means in an unassuming manner; without vanity or arrogance.

Faltering means losing strength or momentum.

Vacillating means wavering between different opinions or actions; irresolute.

S11. Ans. (e)
Sol. ‘egregious, arduous’ is the pair of words that fits in the two sentences to make both the sentences grammatically and contextually complete. Hence, option (e) is the most appropriate choice.

Egregious means shocking.

Arduous means difficult and tiring.

Brutal means savagely violent.

Facile means ignoring the true complexities of an issue; superficial

Unobtrusive means not conspicuous or attracting attention.

Inconspicuous means not clearly visible or attracting attention.

Superficial means appearing to be true or real only until examined more closely.

S12. Ans. (c)
Sol. ‘imperative, consent’ is the pair of words that fits in the two sentences to make both the sentences grammatically and contextually complete. Hence, option (c) is the most appropriate choice.

Imperative means of vital importance; crucial

Consent means permission for something to happen or agreement to do something.

Dispensable means able to be replaced or done without; superfluous.

Revocation means the official cancellation of a decree, decision, or promise.

Injunction means an authoritative warning or order.

Discretionary means available for use at the discretion of the user.

Deterrence means the action of discouraging an action or event through instilling doubt or fear of the consequences.

Inconsequential means not important or significant.

Embargo means an official ban on any activity.

S13. Ans. (a)
Sol. ‘quintessential, condemned’ is the pair of words that fits in the two sentences to make both the sentences grammatically and contextually complete. Hence, option (a) is the most appropriate choice.

Quintessential means representing the most perfect or typical example of a quality or class.

Condemned means express complete disapproval of

Substandard means below the usual or required standard.

Endorsed means declare one’s public approval or support of.

Atrocious means horrifyingly wicked.

Eulogized means praise highly in speech or writing.

Consecrated means make or declare (something, typically a church) sacred

Venerated means regard with great respect.

S14. Ans. (a)

Sol. “reforms, upcoming” is the correct set of words that fits into both the sentences perfectly. The word “reforms” means make changes in (something, especially an institution or practice) in order to improve it. The use of the plural verb “are” in the second sentence suggests that the subject should be plural as well, thus options (b) and (d) can be eliminated. The other word “upcoming” means about to happen; forthcoming. In the context of the meaning of the sentences, no other word fits meaningfully. Hence (a) is the correct choice.

S15. Ans. (b)

Sol. “shower, fervor” is the correct set of words that fit into both the sentences perfectly. The word “shower” in the first sentence means a brief period of precipitation whereas in the second sentence it means a mass of small things falling or moving at the same time. Other words alter the meaning of the sentences and are not suitable to use in these sentences. The other word “fervor” means intense and passionate feeling. Thus it fits into the sentences more appropriately than other given words. Hence (b) is the correct choice.

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