Table of Contents

**Directions (1-5): Read the given information carefully and answer the following questions.**

Sony Company has five factories with different capacities of producing earphones every month (working days for every month may vary for each factory). In the production process, there are only three types of cost occurs i.e. Raw material cost, Labor cost and Selling cost which are different for different factories. Two units of earphone are produced per day by each factory.

Profit/unit= Selling price-(Raw material cost+ Labor cost+ Selling cost)

Selling cost=Packaging cost+ Transportation cost

Sales Margin= (Profit/unit)/ (Selling price/unit)

**Q1. Company used new technology which increased the production by 50% and labor cost by 25% per day for every Factory then find the total profit earned by factories C and D together are approximately what percent more or less than profits earned by Factory A and B together?**

(a) 15%

(b) 5%

(c) 10%

(d) 20%

(e) 25%

**Q2. A store ordered 80 units of pre-packaged earphone and will also be picked up by that store in 20 days to avoid transportation cost. To deliver this order Company can use multiple factories for production. Find which of the following options will ensure maximum profits for the company?**

(a) Factory D, Factory B & Factory A

(b) Factory A & Factory D

(c) Factory A & Factory B

(d) Factory B, Factory D & Factory C

(e) Factory D & Factory E

**Q3. For factory B, C, D and E, which of the following order is correct regarding Sales Margin?**

(a) D>C>E>B

(b) C >D=B>E

(c) E=D>C>B

(d) E>D>B>C

(e) C>D>E>B

**Q4. If total Raw material cost for factory A is increased by 4.5% and labor cost per hour is also increased by Rs 7.5 per hour then find the overall increment in the production cost for factory A in that month is what part of selling price of all the units produced in that month (Given: Working hours in a day= 8 hours).**

(a) 3/70

(b) 4/75

(c) 1/20

(d) 2/55

(e) 1/25

**Q5. Profit earned per day by Factory D is what percent of the profit earned per day by Factory B?**

(a) 120%

(b) 125%

(c) 122½%

(d) 127½%

(e) 130%

**Directions (6-10): The given table shows the profit percentage for two different companies X and Y over a period of six years.**

(i) Profit = Income – Expenditure

(ii) Profit % is calculated as percentage of total income

**Q6. If the profit of Company X in year 2009 is Rs. 1,08,000 and that for Company Y in that year is Rs. 1,75,000 then find the ratio of expenditure of Y in 2009 to that of X in that year.**

(a) 45 : 68

(b) 18 : 35

(c) 24 : 49

(d) 35 : 54

(e) 35 : 58

**Q7. If the expenditure of Company Y in 2011 is Rs. 36,000 more than that of Company Y in 2010 then find the average of profit made by Y in these two years and Company X in 2011. (Consider income for X and Y is same in these two years).**

(a) Rs. 1,32,000

(b) Rs. 1,34,500

(c) Rs. 1,20,000

(d) Rs. 1,40,000

(e) Rs. 1,36,000

**Q8. If the expenditure of Company X in 2010 was Rs. 1,35,000 and the income of X in 2010 was expenditure of X in 2013 then find the percentage change in income in 2013 over the year 2010?**

(a) 75%

(b) 60%

(c) 66⅔%

(d) 62½%

(e) 80%

**Q9. If profit for Y in 2012 is Rs. 2500 more than profit of X in that year and the expenditure of X is ****7/32th of the ****expenditure of Y in that year, then find the average of income of X and Y in that year?**

(a) Rs. 3,00,000

(b) Rs. 3,05,000

(c) Rs. 3,50,000

(d) Rs. 3,15,000

(e) Rs. 3,05,500

**Q10. In year 2010, total expenditure of X & Y is 45% of their total incomes in that year. Then, find the ratio (X : Y) of their profits in that year?**

(a) 4 : 5

(b) 5 : 6

(c) 5 : 7

(d) 3 : 4

(e) 2 : 3

**Directions (11-15): Given below pie chart (I) shows distribution of total students (Engineering + Medical) in five college and pie chart (II) shows distribution of total students in Medical. Read the data carefully and answer the questions.**

**Q11. Find average of engineering students in A, C & E?**

(a) 420

(b) 480

(c) 360

(d) 300

(e) 320

**Q12. Find the ratio of total engineering students in B & D together to total medical students in A & B together?**

(a) 74 : 45

(b) 68 : 45

(c) 52 : 45

(d) 62 : 45

(e) 64 : 45

**Q13. If average of total engineering students in B, D & F is 600 and ratio of engineering students to medical students in F is 7 : 5, then find total students in F?**

(a) 1260

(b) 960

(c) 840

(d) 1200

(e) 1000

**Q14. Find central angle for number of engineering students in A with respect to total students(Medical + Engineering) of all colleges?**

(a) 52.8°

(b) 39.6°

(c) 36°

(d) 43.2°

(e) None of these

**Q15. Engineering students in E are what percent less than engineering students in A?**

(a) 25%

(b) 20%

(c) 15%

(d) 10%

(e) 5%

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