Reasoning Ability Quiz For Bank Mains Exams 2021- 14th January

Directions (1-5): Study the information carefully and answer the questions given below.
Seven persons J, K, L, M, N, O and P are living in a seven floor building but not necessary in the same order. They were born on different month of the same year August, October, September, April, June, February and July but not necessary in the same order. The ground floor is numbered 1, while the topmost floor is numbered as 7. L lives one of the odd number floors below the floor number 4. The person who lives on 4th floor was born in June and L was not born on August and February. There is only one person living between P and the person who was born in June. P lives below the person who celebrates his birthday in June and P was not born in April. The number of persons living between K and O is same as that between K and P. The person who is the second youngest lives on an even number floor but not on the top floor. There are two persons living between L and K. J is the oldest and lives on an odd numbered floor but not on the lowermost floor. There is only one person living between K and O who was not born in September. There are three persons living between the person who was born in September and the person who was born in April. The person who lives on topmost floor was not born in August. There is only one person living between L and M who was born in July and lives below the person who was born in June.

Q1. The youngest person amongst them lives on which of the following floors?
(a) Third
(b) Fourth
(c) Fifth
(d) First
(e) Seventh

Q2. How many floors are below the floor on which N lives?
(a) Three
(b) Four
(c) Five
(d) Six
(e) Seven

Q3. Who among the following lives on the second floor when all the persons are arranged in increasing order of their ages from bottom to top?
(a) K
(b) M
(c) N
(d) O
(e) P

Q4. N was born in?
(a) October
(b) August
(c) June
(d) July
(e) September

Q5. How many persons are living below the oldest member of them all?
(a) Seven
(b) Five
(c) Four
(d) Less than four
(e) None of these.

Directions (6-10): Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
A number arrangement machine when given an input of numbers/words, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input air steps of rearrangement.

Input: sing 96 23 come air upper 24 beach elephant 33

Step I: 33 sing 96 23 come air upper 24 beach elephant
Step II: 33 23 sing 96 come air upper 24 beach elephant
Step III: 33 23 96 sing come air upper 24 beach elephant
Step IV: 33 23 96 24 sing come air upper beach elephant
Step V: 33 23 96 24 air sing come upper beach elephant
Step VI: 33 23 96 24 air elephant sing come upper beach
Step VII: 33 23 96 24 air elephant upper sing come beach
Step VIII: 33 23 96 24 air elephant upper beach sing come
Step IX: 33 23 96 24 air elephant upper beach come sing
This is the final arrangement and step IX is the last step for this input.
Answer the following questions based on the input given below.

Input: with 17 shout 58 93 over inter year 22

Q6. Which of the following is the second step for input?
(a) 93 17 with 58 shout over inter year 22
(b) 93 with 17 shout 58 over inter year 22
(c) 93 17 with shout 58 over inter year 22
(d) 58 17 with shout 93 over inter year 22
(e) None of these

Q7. Which of the following is the last step of above input?
(a) III
(b) VI
(c) VII
(d) IX
(e) None of these

Q8. Which is the following step?
Step: 93 17 58 22 inter with shout over year
(a) VI
(b) III
(c) IV
(d) V
(e) There is no such shout

Q9. What is 4th element from right end in Step III?
(a) 22
(b) 58
(c) inter
(d) over
(e) with

Q10. Which of the following elements lies exactly between 58 and inter in step VI ?
(a) year
(b) with
(c) 22
(d) 93
(e) shout

Directions (11-15): Each of the questions below consists of a question and three statements numbered I, II, III given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question.
(a) If statements I is sufficient to answer the question, but statement II by itself is not sufficient to answer the question.
(b)If statement II by itself is sufficient to answer the question, but statement I alone is not sufficient to answer the question.
(c) If statement either I or II is sufficient to answer the question.
(d) If both the statements I and II taken together are not sufficient to answer the question.
(e) If both the statements I and II taken together are sufficient to answer the question.

Q11. Who is tallest among five friends A, B, C, D and E?
I. D is taller than C but just shorter than E.
II. E is shorter than A and B is shorter than E.

Q12. How is B related to A?
I. A is B’s father’s only sister.
II. S is mother B who is the daughter of C.

Q13. How is ‘M’ written in a code language?
I. “Come” is written as “3245” and “Monkey” is written as “427150” in that language.
II. “Hema” is written as “6423” and “Mohit” is written as 21675.

Q14. Who sits immediate left of G, if all persons sit in a row are facing north?
I. S sits third to the right of T. There is only three persons sit between T and G.
II. Q sits second to the left of G. Not more than eight persons sit in a row.

Q15. On which day book A was sold?
I. Book A was sold one of the days after Tuesday but before Sunday.
II. Book A was sold one of the days before Saturday but after Wednesday.

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Solutions

Solution (6-10):
Sol. Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and lets understand how to solve it. As a first step lets first understand the logic behind the Output. If you will see the final output you will observe the following:

(i) The machine rearranges one element in each step
(ii) Firstly, the odd numbers are arranged in descending order in each step.
(iii) After this, even numbers also arranged in descending order.
(iv) After the arrangement of all the numbers, if 1st letter of word is vowel then it is arranged in alphabetical order in each step.
(v) After the arrangement of vowels, the words starting with a consonant are also arranged in alphabetical order in each step.

Input: with 17 shout 58 93 over inter year 22
Step I: 93 with 17 shout 58 over inter year 22
Step II: 93 17 with shout 58 over inter year 22
Step III: 93 17 58 with shout over inter year 22
Step IV: 93 17 58 22 with shout over inter year
Step V: 93 17 58 22 inter with shout over year
Step VI: 93 17 58 22 inter over with shout year
Step VII: 93 17 58 22 inter over shout with year

S6. Ans.(c)

S7. Ans.(c)

S8. Ans.(d)

S9. Ans.(d)

S10. Ans.(c)

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