The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary- A Shot in the Dark | 27 August

The Hindu Editorial Article of 27 August 2020 – A Shot in the Dark.

Allegations (noun) आरोप
Meaning:- a claim or assertion that someone has done something illegal or wrong, typically one made without proof.
Synonyms:- accusation, charge, claim
Antonyms:- exculpation, denial
Example:- While some of these allegations are true, the last certainly is false.

Cognisance (noun) ध्यान में रखते
Meaning:- knowledge or awareness.
Synonyms:- attention, bearing, cognition
Antonyms:- disregard, heedlessness
Example:- The Chinese who have gone have been with Chinese cognizance, but not under Chinese protection.

Portray (verb) प्रतिकृति बनाना
Meaning:- describe (someone or something) in a particular way.
Synonyms:- characterize, depict, describe
Antonyms:- confuse, mix up, obscure
Example:- I thought him as true a representative of the people as ever theory could portray.

Decimating (verb) नष्ट
Meaning:- kill, destroy, or remove a large proportion of.
Synonyms:- annihilate, exterminate, obliterate
Antonyms:- bear, build, create
Example:- You meant to let the royal blood, and to decimate the nobility of France.

Envoy (noun) दूत
Meaning:- a messenger or representative, especially one on a diplomatic mission.
Synonyms:- delegate, diplomat, emissary
Antonyms:- receiver
Example:- This will be confirmed by your official attendant, who will be an Envoy’s Courier.

Confronts (verb) सामना करना
Meaning:- come face to face with (someone) with hostile or argumentative intent.
Synonyms:- accost, defy, encounter
Antonyms:- avoid, dodge
Example:- Our eyes are shut to the damning facts which confront us on every side.

Unsubstantiated (adjective) निराधार
Meaning:- not supported or proven by evidence.
Synonyms:- debatable, dubious, unsupported
Antonyms:- certain, sure
Example:- As yet he could not reveal his unsubstantiated information to another.

Mercenaries (noun) वह सिपाही जो दूसरे मुल्क में लड़ाई के लिए रखे जायें
Meaning:- a professional soldier hired to serve in a foreign army.
Synonyms:- warrior, hireling
Example:- His citizens have no silver or gold of their own, but are ready enough to pay them to their mercenaries.

Contention (noun) विवाद
Meaning:- heated disagreement.
Synonyms:- argument, conflict, controversy
Antonyms:- accord, agreement, harmony
Example:- Just what the ratio of the curve should be is a matter of contention.

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Article from- The Hindu Editorial

Preposterous (adjective) निरर्थक
Meaning:- contrary to reason or common sense; utterly absurd or ridiculous.
Synonyms:- absurd, crazy, excessive
Antonyms:- bad, balanced, believable
Example:- They created the most preposterous romances; and could not get the credit of creating them.

Reputation (noun) प्रतिष्ठा
Meaning:- the beliefs or opinions that are generally held about someone or something.
Synonyms:- character, fame, honor
Antonyms:- unimportance, disapproval
Example:- “Many have had that reputation who do not deserve it,” said Robert.

Acclaimed (adjective) प्रशंसित
Meaning:- publicly praised; celebrated.
Synonyms:- renowned, cheered, extolled
Example:- Those acclamations were not for him, although those who acclaimed him thought so.

Deny (verb) अस्वीकार करना
Meaning:- state that one refuses to admit the truth or existence of.
Synonyms:- ban, call on, contradict, oppose
Antonyms:- accept, allow, approve
Example:- This is a record and result that no careful student of our history will, I take it, deny.

Grey-listing (verb)
Meaning:- to hold (someone) in suspicion, without actually excluding him or her from a particular activity

Tenure (noun) कार्यकाल
Meaning:- the conditions under which land or buildings are held or occupied.
Synonyms:- administration, occupation, ownership
Antonyms:- misconception, misunderstanding, release
Example:- They gave the tenants security of tenure, and the landowners an act of settlement.

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