What is UNICEF “LOST AT HOME” Report?
“LOST AT HOME” report is published by the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF).The report says that almost 33 million new displacements were recorded in 2019 in which around 25 million were due to natural disasters and 8.5 million as a consequence of conflict and violence.
According to the report, there were 12 million new displacements involving children, including around 3.8 million of them caused by conflict and violence, and 8.2 million due to disasters linked mostly to weather-related events.According to the report, natural disasters resulted in more new displacements than conflict and violence.Almost 10 million new displacements in 2019 were recorded in East Asia and the Pacific (39 %) — and almost the same number in South Asia (9.5 million).The report looks at the risks internally displaced children face in which child labour, child marriage, trafficking among them — and the actions urgently needed to protect them.
- GAME CHANGER | Current Affairs, Burning Issues & Static Awareness Batch for SBI, RRB, RBI and IBPS Exams | Bilingual | Live Class
- SBI Clerk Mains 2020 Online Test Series
- India, the Philippines, Bangladesh and China all suffered from natural disasters leading to displacement in the millions, which accounted for 69% of global disaster-induced displacements.
- These were overwhelmingly caused by extreme conditions created by dangerous storms and floods.
- In India, the total number of new internal displacements in 2019 stood at 5,037,000: 5,018,000 due to natural disasters and 19,000 because of conflict and violence.
- India is closely followed by the Philippines, Bangladesh and China.
- The Philippines alone accounted for 4.27 million new internal displacements due to natural disasters, conflict and violence, Bangladesh 4.08 million and China 4.03 million.
- The largest number of internally displaced children due to conflict is found in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) and sub-Saharan Africa.
- Internally displaced persons are concentrated in two regions: The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) and West and Central Africa.
- The Middle East and North Africa region recorded over 12 million internally displaced people as a result of conflict and violence at the end of 2019. Almost all of them lived in just three countries: Syria, Yemen, and Iraq and around 5 million were children.
- This includes 2.4 million children. Together with the Democratic Republic of the Congo (2.9 million) and Yemen (1.7 million), these three countries account for one in three (36 %) of all children internally displaced due to conflict and violence, it said.
About 19 million children were displaced within their own countries due to conflict and violence in 2019, more than in any other year, making them among the most vulnerable to the global spread of COVID-19. According to the UN agency, COVID-19 pandemic is only making a critical situation worse. Forced out of their homes and communities, these children are among the most vulnerable in the world. The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic stands to bring even more harm and uncertainty to their lives. It is essential that governments and humanitarian partners work together to keep them safe, healthy, learning and protected.
|Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Package- Progress so far||List of Governors of Reserve Bank of India (RBI)- From 1935 to 2018||Importance of Spoken English and How to Improve it?||How To Manage Mental Stress During Lockdown?|