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UPSC Syllabus 2024, IAS Prelims and Mains Syllabus

UPSC Syllabus 2024

The Union Public Service Commission(UPSC) is a statutory body that comes under the Government of India that conducts various exams such as NDA, CDS, ISS/IES, etc. all over India, one of which is the Civil Services Exam (CSE). This Exam is considered to be the toughest examination in the country.

CSE is the exam conducted by UPSC to recruit candidates for all the prestigious IAS (Indian Administrative Services), IPS (Indian Police Services), IFoS (Indian Foreign Services), and other allied civil services. Before going for the preparation process, A candidate must review the UPSC Syllabus 2024. In this article, We have provided the latest UPSC Syllabus 2024.

UPSC Syllabus 2024: Overview

Whether you’re an experienced candidate or a newcomer, understanding the UPSC Syllabus 2024 is a crucial step toward preparation. An overview has been provided below in tabular form regarding UPSC Notification 2024.

UPSC Syllabus 2024: Overview
Conducting Body Union Public Service Commission
Exam Name Civil Services Exam
Post IFoS, IAS, IPS, IRS, etc.
Vacancy 1105
UPSC CSE 2024 Notification Date 14th February 2024
UPSC CSE 2024 Selection Process Prelims, Mains & Interview
UPSC Official Website
WhatsApp Official Channel Join WhatsApp Channel
Telegram Official Channel Join Telegram Channel

UPSC Syllabus 2024: Exam Pattern

UPSC CSE 2024 comprises three stages: Preliminary Exam, Mains Examination & Interview. The Preliminary exam is an Objective type test of two papers of 200 marks each, while the Mains Examination is a Descriptive Type of nine papers including language & optional papers. The details are mentioned below.

UPSC Syllabus 2024 (Prelims)

The UPSC Syllabus 2024 (Prelims) is an objective type test consisting of two papers of 400 marks(200 marks each). The Prelims phase demands sharp GK, analytical ability, and basic numerical skills.

UPSC Prelims Syllabus 
Paper Max. Marks Duration
Paper I General Studies – I 200 2 hours
Paper II General Studies – II: CSAT (Civil Services Aptitude Test) 200 2 hours

Note: There is a negative marking of 1/3 (one-third) for every answer marked wrong.

Note: General Studies II (CSAT) will be the qualifying in nature (qualifying marks is 33% i.e. 66 marks)

UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2024

General Studies Paper I – (200 marks)

  • Recent National & International Importance.
  • India’s History & Indian National Movement.
  • Geography of India and the World, covering Physical, Social, and Economic aspects.
  • Indian Polity & Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights, Issues, etc.
  • Economics and Social Development, including Sustainable Development, Poverty, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-Diversity & Climate Change – without specialized knowledge.
  • General Science

General Studies Paper II (CSAT) – (200 marks)

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Interpersonal Skills, including communication skills
  • Logical Reasoning and Analytical Abilities
  • Decision-making & Problem-solving
  • General Mental Aptitude
  • Fundamental Numerical Ability (Numbers and their relations, order of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level)
  • Data Interpretation- Charts, Graphs, Tables, & Data Sufficiency (also class X level)

UPSC Syllabus 2024 (Mains)

The primary aim of the Main Examination is to evaluate the candidate’s intellectual capabilities and depth of understanding. The UPSC Syllabus 2024 (Mains) consists of nine papers of descriptive type.

UPSC Mains Syllabus
Paper Max. Marks Duration
Qualifying Papers
Paper A One of the Indian Languages (Schedule VIII of the Constitution of India) 300 3 hours
Paper B English 300 3 hours
Merit-based Papers
Paper I Essay 250 3 hours
Paper II General Studies- I 250 3 hours
Paper III General Studies- II 250 3 hours
Paper IV General Studies- III 250 3 hours
Paper V General Studies- IV 250 3 hours
Paper VI Optional Subject- I 250 3 hours
Paper VII Optional Subject- II 250 3 hours
Total (Merit-based papers only) 1750

UPSC Mains Syllabus 2024

Paper A– Indian Language (any one)

  • Comprehension of given passages
  • Precis Writings
  • Usage and Vocabulary
  • Short Essays
  • Translation from Indian Language to English & vice-versa.

For the Indian language paper, a candidate has to select a language from the following:

Indian Languages
Assamese Bengali Gujarati Hindi Kannada
Kashmiri Konkani Malayalam Manipuri Marathi
Nepali Odia Punjabi Sanskrit Sindhi
Tamil Telugu Urdu Bodo Dogri
Maithili Santhali

Paper B – English

  • Comprehension of given passages
  • Precis Writings
  • Usage and Vocabulary
  • Short Essays

Paper I: Essay

Essays on multiple topics

Paper II: General Studies I– Indian Heritage & Culture, World History & Geography, and Society

  • Indian Culture- Salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature, and Architecture from ancient to modern times
  • Modern Indian History- Mid-Eighteenth century until present
  • The Freedom Struggle- different stages and significant personalities & their contributions (across the country)
  • Post-independence consolidation & Reorganisation within the country
  • World History- Events from the 18th century: Industrial Revolution, World Wars, National Boundaries redrawal, colonization-decolonisation, political philosophies, etc.
  • Indian Society, Diversity of India
  • Role of Women & Women’s Organisations, Population & its issues, Poverty & developmental issues, Urbanisation; their problems & remedies
  • Globalization’s Effect on Indian Society
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism
  • World’s Physical Geography
  • Natural resources’ distribution across the world; Responsible factors for Primary, Secondary & Tertiary sectors’ location
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, tsunamis, Volcanic activity, cyclones, etc.

Paper III: General Studies II– Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice & International Relations

  • Constitution of India- History, Evolution, Amendments, Significant Provisions and Basic Structure
  • The Union & the States
  • Power Separation
  • Parliament & State Legislature
  • The Executive & the Judiciary
  • Representation of People’s Act
  • Constitutional Bodies
  • Judicial Bodies
  • Government policies and interventions
  • The development industry & its processes – NGOs, SHGs, etc
  • Welfare schemes by the Centre and States
  • Issues related to poverty & hunger
  • Issues relating to the development and management of the Social Sector
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, E-governance
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.
  • India and its neighborhood- relations
  • Important International institutions, agencies

Paper IV: General Studies III– Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management

  • Indian Economy
  • Inclusive growth & its issues
  • Government Budgeting
  • Major crops; irrigation system; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
  • Direct & indirect farm subsidies and MSP; PDS; buffer stock & food security; animal-rearing
  • Food processing and related industries in India
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Liberalization & its impact
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models
  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology, and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  • Environmental impact- Conservation, pollution and degradation
  • Disaster and disaster management
  • Role of External State and non-state factors in creating challenges to internal security
  • Border Areas- Security challenges and their management
  • Various Security forces and agencies

Paper V: General Studies IV– Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude

  • Issues relating to integrity, probity in public life, and the problem-solving approach of a candidate
  • Ethics & Human Interface
  • Attitude; Moral & Political Attitude; social influence and persuasion
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship
  • Emotional Intelligence
  • Philosophers & Moral Thinkers (from India & World)
  • Public/Civil Service Values and Ethics in Public Administration
  • Probity in Governance

Paper VI & Paper VII: Optional Subject Paper I & II

Candidates have to choose one of the optional subjects of their choice from the list below

Optional Subjects
Agriculture Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science Anthropology Botany
Chemistry Civil Engineering Commerce & Accountancy Economics
Electrical Engineering Geography Geology History
Law Management Mathematics Mechanical Engineering
Medical Science Philosophy Physics Political Science & International Relations
Psychology Public Administration Sociology Statistics
Zoology Literature (Schedule VIII of Indian Constitution)

UPSC Syllabus 2024: Interview

The objective of the interview is to assess the personal suitability of a candidate in the civil services. Candidates who qualify in the main examination will be called for an interview of 275 marks. Evaluation criteria include mental alertness, assimilation ability, the balance of judgement, interest variety & depth, intellectual, and moral integrity, social cohesion & leadership, etc.

Total Marks
Mains Examination (Merit-based papers only) 1750 marks
Interview (Personality Test) 275 marks
Total 2025 marks

Understanding the syllabus & paper-wise weightage, and exam pattern helps in forming a plan for UPSC CSE. Whatever you choose in the optional subject, honing your General Studies papers and focused writing practice is the key to ace the UPSC CSE Exam.

Related Post
UPSC Notification 2024

UPSC Syllabus 2024, IAS Prelims and Mains Syllabus_30.1


UPSC Syllabus 2024, IAS Prelims and Mains Syllabus_40.1


What is the UPSC Syllabus 2024?

The Detailed UPSC CSE syllabus 2024 is discussed above,

What is the selection process for the UPSC CSE 2024 exam?

The selection process for the UPSC CSE 2024 exam is Prelims, Mains and Interview.

When will the notification be released for the UPSC Civil Services Exam 2024?

The notification for the UPSC Civil Services Exam 2024 will be released on 14th February, 2024.

Is there negative marking in the USPC CSE 2024 exam?

Yes, there is negative marking of 1/3 in the prelims phase of the USPC CSE 2024 exam.