Brief Description About What Is MCLR
The Marginal Cost of Funds-Based Lending Rate is known to be an internal reference rate for all the banks implemented by the Reserve Bank of India. It accesses the banking organizations to define their minimum interest rate over various types of loans. Banks have to strictly follow the rules, and they cannot lend below the MCLR. If they will not follow the rules, they have to face strict regulatory actions.
However, they can lend below the MCLR if there will be any exceptional cases with prior authorization of the Reserve Bank of India. The lending interest rate is opted on the basis of the marginal cost or incremental cost of arranging each rupee respectively for the borrower. In this article, we will enlighten more details on what is MCLR and what are its functions.
Methodology Of MCLR Calculation From The Official Website of RBI
Check out the table below to understand the precise methodology of MCLR Calculation from the official website of the RBI.
|Table II.1: The Base Rate and the MCLR Methodologies – A Comparison|
|Base Rate System
(effective July 1, 2010)
(effective April 1, 2016)
|(a) Cost of (Borrowed) Funds
(b) Negative Carry on cash reserve ratio (CRR)/statutory liquidity ratio (SLR)
(c) Unallocatable Overhead Cost
(d) Average Return on Net Worth
Base Rate = a+b+c+d
(a) Marginal Cost of Funds
(b) Negative Carry on CRR
(c) Operating Cost
(d) Tenor Premium/Discount
MCLR = a+b+c +d
But there can be certain situation when we might get confuse as to how we can apply this methodology. Let’s understand that with an example and its explanation from the official website of RBI.
1.The guidelines specify that MCLR calculated using methodology prescribed shall correspond to the tenor of funds in the single largest maturity bucket provided it is more than 30% of the entire funds reckoned for determining the MCLR. But my bank does not have a single time bucket which has more than 30% share of the funds reckoned for MCLR. In such a case, the MCLR calculated as per the methodology indicated shall correspond to which tenor?
Let’s assume a bank has following maturity profile of borrowings:
|Sr. No.||Original Maturity||Balance outstanding as a percentage of total funds (other than equity)||Cumulative weightage|
|1||5 years & above||15.1%||15.1%|
|2||3 years & above but less than 5 years||11.8%||26.9%|
|3||2 years & above but less than 3 years||9.3%||36.2%|
|4||1 year & above but less than 2 years||16.9%||53.1%|
|5||6 months & above but less than 1 year||24.3%||77.4%|
|6||91 days & above but less than 6 months||10.5%||87.9%|
|7||Up to 90 days||12.1%||100%|
In this case, the MCLR shall correspond to the weighted average of tenor of the first three time buckets.
When Did MCLR Come Into Existence?
The Reserve Bank of India has replaced the base rate system for following up the interest rates with the MCLR system on 1 April, 2016. Borrowers who have issued the loans before 01 April, 2016 are still following the old base rate and the Benchmark Prime Lending Rate system. But, if they will find the MCLR system to be beneficial, they can do it by opting it.
How Does The MCLR Influence The Economy?
The operations of a banking system is known o be the crucial aspect of our economy. If there will be any changes in this sector, it will directly influence India’s economy. The MCLR system elevates the faith of the individual borrowers and business in the financial sector. It increases the level of transparency in how lending rates will be calculated. It makes individuals and organizations to believe in the nation’s banking system.
With he access of MCLR, banking organizations can execute effective and soulful transmission of policy rates. It also helps the financial regulatory body to enhance the monetary policies.