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# What is MCLR and Its Impact on Indian Economy

## What Is MCLR?

The Marginal Cost of Funds-Based Lending Rate is known to be an internal reference rate for all the banks implemented by the Reserve Bank of India. It accesses the banking organizations to define their minimum interest rate over various types of loans. Banks have to strictly follow the rules, and they cannot lend below the MCLR. If they do not follow the rules, they have to face strict regulatory actions.

However, they can lend below the MCLR if there are any exceptional cases with prior authorization from the Reserve Bank of India. The lending interest rate is opted on the basis of the marginal cost or incremental cost of arranging each rupee respectively for the borrower. In this article, we will enlighten more details on what is MCLR and what are its functions.

## Methodology Of MCLR Calculation from the Official Website of RBI

Check out the table below to understand the precise methodology of MCLR Calculation from the official website of the RBI.

 Table II.1: The Base Rate and the MCLR Methodologies – A Comparison Base Rate System (effective July 1, 2010) MCLR System (effective April 1, 2016) (a) Cost of (Borrowed) Funds (b) Negative Carry on cash reserve ratio (CRR)/statutory liquidity ratio (SLR) (c) Unallocatable Overhead Cost (d) Average Return on Net Worth Base Rate = a+b+c+d One base rate for each bank Any benchmark could be used Frequency: Quarterly review with the Board’s approval No prescribed reset period Fixed-rate loan – not below base rate (a) Marginal Cost of Funds [= 92% of Marginal Cost of Deposits and Other Borrowings + 8% of Return on Net Worth] (b) Negative Carry on CRR (c) Operating Cost (d) Tenor Premium/Discount MCLR = a+b+c +d Tenor-linked benchmark No discretion allowed on benchmark Frequency: Monthly on a pre-announced date The reset period is indicated in the contract. Maximum one-year reset period for floating-rate loans Fixed-rate loan over 3-year tenor – exempt from MCLR.

But there can be certain situations when we might get confused as to how we can apply this methodology. Let’s understand that with an example and its explanation from the official website of RBI.

1. The guidelines specify that MCLR calculated using the methodology prescribed shall correspond to the tenor of funds in the single largest maturity bucket provided it is more than 30% of the entire funds reckoned for determining the MCLR. But my bank does not have a single time bucket which has more than 30% share of the funds reckoned for MCLR. In such a case, the MCLR calculated as per the methodology indicated shall correspond to which tenor?

Let’s assume a bank has the following maturity profile of borrowings:

 Sr. No. Original Maturity Balance outstanding as a percentage of total funds (other than equity) Cumulative weightage 1 5 years & above 15.1% 15.1% 2 3 years & above but less than 5 years 11.8% 26.9% 3 2 years & above but less than 3 years 9.3% 36.2% 4 1 year & above but less than 2 years 16.9% 53.1% 5 6 months & above but less than 1 year 24.3% 77.4% 6 91 days & above but less than 6 months 10.5% 87.9% 7 Up to 90 days 12.1% 100% Total 100%

In this case, the MCLR shall correspond to the weighted average of the tenor of the first three time buckets.

## When Did MCLR Come Into Existence?

The Reserve Bank of India replaced the base rate system for following up the interest rates with the MCLR system on 1 April 2016. Borrowers who have issued loans before 01 April 2016 are still following the old base rate and the Benchmark Prime Lending Rate system. But, if they find the MCLR system to be beneficial, they can do it by opting for it.

## How Does The MCLR Influence The Economy?

The operations of a banking system are known to be a crucial aspect of our economy. If there will be any changes in this sector, it will directly influence India’s economy. The MCLR system elevates the faith of individual borrowers and businesses in the financial sector. It increases the level of transparency in how lending rates will be calculated. It makes individuals and organizations believe in the nation’s banking system.

With access to MCLR, banking organizations can execute effective and soulful transmission of policy rates. It also helps the financial regulatory body to enhance monetary policies.

## Current MCLR Rate

The current range of the MCLR for different tenures is 8.9 percent to 9.35 percent. The one-month MCLR has increased by 10 basis points to 8.95 percent, the three-month MCLR to 9.10 percent, and the six-month MCLR to 9.30 percent.

The overnight MCLR rate has also been hiked by 10 basis points to 8.9 percent. The rate associated with some consumer loans, the one-year MCLR, increased from 9.25 percent to 9.30 percent by 5 basis points. The 3-year MCLR is still 9.35 percent, whereas the 2-year MCLR is at 9.35 percent.

## FAQs

### Where to get the details about MCLR?

The article above has all the details related to the MCLR.

### When did the MCLR was introduced?

The base rate system was replaced, and the Reserve Bank of India implemented the MCLR on 01 April 2016.