What is the Difference between Money Market and Capital Market

A financial market is a place where buyers and sellers come together to trade in financial assets such as bonds, stocks, derivatives, currencies, and commodities. There are various components of the financial market, Money market and Capital market are also components of the financial market. Before going ahead let’s try to understand what is money market and what is the capital market. After getting the meaning of these two terms will understand the difference between the Money market and the capital market.

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A money market is a component of the financial market where short-term financing can be issued. The important money market instruments in India are call money, commercial papers, certificates of deposit, treasury bills, and forward rate agreements. the money market holds a range of operational characteristics.
A capital market is a component of a financial Market, It allows long term trading of Debt and Equity-based securities. Capital Market plays a significant role in the growth of the country’s economy as it provides a platform for mobilizing the funds one of the best examples of the capital market is the NYSE or the New York Stock Exchange.

What is the Difference between Money Market and Capital Market?

 Charactristics Money Market Capital Market
Definition A random course of financial institutions,  dealing on short-term financial tools are referred to as Money Market A kind of financial market where the company or government securities are generated the intention of establishing long-term finance to coincide with the capital necessary is called as Capital Market
Nature Money markets basically are informal in nature Capital markets are formal in nature
Instruments involved Commercial Papers, Treasury Certificate of Deposit, Bills, Trade Credit, etc Bonds, Debentures, Shares, Asset Securitization, Retained Earnings, etc
                              Investor Types Commercial banks,  non-financial institutions, central bank, chit funds etc Stockbrokers, insurance companies, Commercial banks, underwriters etc
                                  Market Liquidity Money markets has high liquidity Capital markets are comparatively less liquid
     Risk Money markets have low risk Capital markets are more riskier in comparison to money markets
Maturity of Instruments Mature in shorter period Takes long period to mature
                                                        Purpose served To achieve short term credit requirements of the trade. To achieve long term credit requirements of the trade.
                                  Functions served Increasing liquidity of funds in the economy Stabilizing economy
Return on investment achieved ROI is usually low in money market ROI is comparatively high in capital market

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