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Countries and Their Capitals: Alphabetical List of All Countries

Countries and Their Capitals: There are a total number of 195 countries in this whole world which are scattered into 7 continents. These seven continents are Asia, Antarctica, Europe, North America, Africa, Australia, and South America. The earth initially had only one large landmass called Pangaea. Over the millions of years, the mass separated to form the seven continents we know today. Today in this post we will be discussing the countries and their capitals.

Countries and Their Capitals

Among the 195 countries in this entire world, there are 193 countries which are part of the United Nations and two countries who are not the members of the United Nations are Palestine and Holy see. As we all know that there are seven continents in this world but Antarctica is the only continent where no country is present and also this continent has no time zones. If you are also a aspirant then keep reading this article to know the countries and their capitals.

 

Countries and Their Capitals: Alphabetical List of All Countries in Hindi

 

Countries and Their Capitals: Facts About Continents

In exams like SSC CGL and CHSL, State government exams and exams conducted by UPSC, questions were asked about the different continents as well. Every mark is important in the competitive exam therefore candidates must read carefully all the important information given below. You will get to know various things so if you found this useful then do share this post with your friends as well.

South America

  • The world’s largest river as per water volume and the second longest (6440 km) — the Amazon — is in South America
  • The world’s largest snake and the second longest — the green anaconda — also resides in South America
  • After the Himalayas, the Andes form the second highest mountain range in the world. These young-fold mountains are located in South America. Mt. Aconcagua (7,021 m) is the highest peak in the Andes
  • The largest salt lake in the world — Salar de Uyuni (Uyuni salt flats) — is in South America
  • The world’s highest lake (3800 m) and South America’s largest is Lake Titicaca
  • Brazil, the country which is the largest coffee producer in the world, is in South America
  • This continent houses the world’s highest waterfalls — the Angel Falls
  • The highest volcanoes of the world — Mt. Cotopaxi and Mt. Chimborazo — are found on this continent
  • There are 12 countries in South America

North America

  • The world’s smallest owl – the Elf – is found on this continent
  • The world’s largest economy, the USA, is a part of North America
  • North America has five time zones and is the only continent with every type of climate
  • North America was named after the explorer Americo Vespucci and is also known as the “New World”
  • The largest fresh water lake in the world — Lake Superior – is located in this continent
  • The world’s largest sugar exporter among the seven continents – Cuba – also called the ‘sugar bowl of the world’ is located in North America
  • The world’s third longest river – the Mississippi (3778 km) – is located in North America
  • The major animals found in North America are –brown bears, hummingbirds, bald eagles, brown bears, bullfrogs
  • There are 23 countries in the North America

Antarctica

  • Antarctica can be called the home to penguins and Adelie penguins are the most common kind found here
  • Antarctica is not only the coldest place on Earth but also the highest, driest, windiest and emptiest
  • Before 1840, Antarctic was called ‘Terra Australis Incognita’ which meant ‘the unknown southern land’
  • There are no time zones on this continent
  • The only permanent settlements in Antarctica are the research bases where scientists from different countries come to do their work
  • Antarctica sees half a year of light and half a year of complete darkness – summer months of December to February give 24 hours of light, while the winter months of late March to late September are pitch dark the whole day
  • It is also called the White Continent or the Frozen Continent

Europe

  • Europe and Asia are parts of the same major landmass — Europe is separated from Asia by the Ural mountains and the Caspian Sea
  • The highest mountain in this continent is Mt. Elbrus
  • Europe is surrounded by water on three sides — Mediterranean Sea in the south, Atlantic Ocean in the west, and Arctic Ocean in the north
  • Finland, in Europe, is called the ‘Land of Lakes’ because melting ice sheets have created a lot of lakes here
  • Great Britain and Ireland form the two main island groups of Europe
  • Moscow is called the ‘Port of Five Seas’ as through its rivers and canals, it connects to five seas
  • The Volga is the longest river in Europe
  • Maize, barley, rice and oilseeds are the major foodcrops of the continent

Asia

  • Asia is the largest continent of the world as per size and population
  • Asia covers one third of the earth’s surface
  • It has the world’s most populous countries i.e. India and China
  • Asia has the highest mountain peak which is the Mount Everest. The height of Mount Everest is 29,028 ft. (8848 meter)
  • The majors animals found in Asia are- Reticulated Pythons, Panda, Yaks, Tiger, Indian Rhinoceroses
  • Asia saw the birth of two great ancient civilizations – Harrapan Civilization and Chinese Civilization
  • The Great wall of china is the only man made structure that can be seen from space
  • There are a total number of 48 countries in the Asian Continent
  • The geographical area of the Asian Continent is 44,579,000 square kilometer

African Continent

  • Africa is the second largest continent of the world
  • More than 50% of the world’s gold and 95% of the world’s diamonds come from the mineral rich continent Africa
  • The equator passes through the middle of the dark continent and it receives direct sunlight throughout the year
  • The continents terrain was inhabitable and remained unknown for thousands of years, earning it the name of ‘Dark Continent’
  • The world’s hottest place — Ethiopia — is in Africa
  • The world’s longest river — the Nile — and the world’s largest desert — the Sahara — both are home in Africa
  • The world also gets 66 per cent of its chocolate from the Dark Continent
  • The major animals in Africa include — cheetah, African elephant, lion, zebra, Egyptian mongoose, giraffe, addax
  • The geographical area of the African Continent is 30,221,532 square kilometer
  • African continent consists of 54 countries

Australia

  • Australia is the world’s smallest continent and is also known as an ‘island continent’ as it is surrounded by water on all sides
  • Two-thirds of Australia is desert land
  • The world’s largest coral reef — the Great Barrier Reef — is around 2000 kilometres long
  • The name Australia comes from the Latin word ‘australis’ meaning ‘southern
  • The official name of Australia is the Commonwealth of Australia
  • Australia lies entirely on the south of the equator and if often called the country “down under”
  • The continent of Australia is often called Sahul, Australinea or Meganesia to differentiate it from the country of Australia

Countries and Their Capitals: Why To Study

Countries and their capital is the part of Static General Knowledge and is commonly asked in all the major competitive exams like SSC GCL, SSC CPO, SSC CHSL, SSC MTS, RO/ARO, SBI Clerk, IBPS Clerk, SBI PO, IBPS PO, RRB Clerk, RRB PO, Railways, Police exams, State PCS exams etc. If you are also preparing for any of the above-mentioned exams then you must be aware of Countries and their capitals as it is one of the topics which is very easy and can give you an edge in the examination. Generally, two to three questions can be asked from Countries and their Capitals. Apart from this, questions are also asked about the continent in which such countries are situated.

Countries and Their Capitals: Alphabetical List of All Countries

Many candidates look for the Alphabetical list of Countries and their capital, so here in the table given below, we have provided the same.

Country Capital Continent
Afghanistan Kabul Asia
Albania Tirana Europe
Algeria Algiers Africa
Andorra Andorra la Vella Europe
Angola Luanda Africa
Antigua and Barbuda St. John’s America
Argentina Buenos Aires America
Armenia Yerevan Asia
Australia Canberra Oceania
Austria Vienna Europe
Azerbaijan Baku Asia
Bahamas Nassau America
Bahrain Manama Asia
Bangladesh Dhaka Asia
Barbados Bridgetown America
Belarus Minsk Europe
Belgium Brussels Europe
Belize Belmopan America
Bhutan Thimphu Asia
Bolivia Sucre America
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo Europe
Botswana Gaborone Africa
Brazil Brasilia America
Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan Asia
Bulgaria Sofia Europe
Burkina Faso Ouagadougou Africa
Burundi Bujumbura Africa
Cambodia Phnom Penh Asia
Cameroon Yaoundé Africa
Canada Ottawa America
Cape Verde Praia Africa
Central African Republic Bangui Africa
Chad N’Djamena Africa
Chile Santiago America
China Beijing Asia
Colombia Bogota America
Comoros Moroni Africa
Costa Rica San José America
Croatia Zagreb Europe
Cuba Havana America
Cyprus Nicosia Europe
Czech Republic Prague Europe
Democratic Republic of Congo Kinshasa Africa
Denmark Copenhagen Europe
Djibouti Djibouti Africa
Dominica Roseau America
Dominican Republic Santo Domingo America
East Timor Dili Oceania
Ecuador Quito America
Egypt Cairo Africa
El Salvador San Salvador America
Equatorial Guinea Malabo Africa
Eritrea Asmara Africa
Estonia Tallinn Europe
Eswatini Mbabane Africa
Ethiopia Addis Ababa Africa
Fiji Suva Oceania
Finland Helsinki Europe
France Paris Europe
Gabon Libreville Africa
Gambia Banjul Africa
Georgia Tbilisi Asia
Germany Berlin Europe
Ghana Accra Africa
Greece Athens Europe
Grenada St. George’s America
Guatemala Guatemala City America
Guinea Conakry Africa
Guinea-Bissau Bissau Africa
Guyana Georgetown America
Haiti Port-au-Prince America
Honduras Tegucigalpa America
Hungary Budapest Europe
Iceland Reykjavík Europe
India New Delhi Asia
Indonesia Jakarta Asia
Iran Tehran Asia
Iraq Baghdad Asia
Ireland Dublin Europe
Israel Jerusalem Asia
Italy Rome Europe
Ivory Coast Yamoussoukro Africa
Jamaica Kingston America
Japan Tokyo Asia
Jordan Amman Asia
Kazakhstan Astana Asia
Kenya Nairobi Africa
Kiribati Tarawa Oceania
Korea, North Pyongyang Asia
Korea, South Seoul Asia
Kosovo Pristina Europe
Kuwait Kuwait City Asia
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Asia
Laos Vientiane Asia
Latvia Riga Europe
Lebanon Beirut Asia
Lesotho Maseru Africa
Liberia Monrovia Africa
Libya Tripoli Africa
Liechtenstein Vaduz Europe
Lithuania Vilnius Europe
Luxembourg Luxembourg Europe
Madagascar Antananarivo Africa
Malawi Lilongwe Africa
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Asia
Maldives Malé Asia
Mali Bamako Africa
Malta Valletta Europe
Marshall Islands Majuro Oceania
Mauritania Nouakchott Africa
Mauritius Port Louis Africa
Mexico Mexico City America
Micronesia Palikir Oceania
Moldova Chisinau Europe
Monaco Monaco Europe
Mongolia Ulaanbaatar Asia
Montenegro Podgorica Europe
Morocco Rabat Africa
Mozambique Maputo Africa
Myanmar Naypyidaw Asia
Namibia Windhoek Africa
Nauru Yaren Oceania
Nepal Kathmandu Asia
Netherlands Amsterdam Europe
New Zealand Wellington Oceania
Nicaragua Managua America
Niger Niamey Africa
Nigeria Abuja Africa
North Macedonia Skopje Europe
Norway Oslo Europe
Oman Muscat Asia
Pakistan Islamabad Asia
Palau Melekeok Oceania
Palestine East Jerusalem Asia
Panama Panama City America
Papua New Guinea Port Moresby Oceania
Paraguay Asunción America
Peru Lima America
Philippines Manila Asia
Poland Warsaw Europe
Portugal Lisbon Europe
Qatar Doha Asia
Republic of the Congo Brazzaville Africa
Romania Bucharest Europe
Russia Moscow Europe
Rwanda Kigali Africa
Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre America
Saint Lucia Castries America
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown America
Samoa Apia Oceania
San Marino San Marino Europe
São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé Africa
Saudi Arabia Riyadh Asia
Senegal Dakar Africa
Serbia Belgrade Europe
Seychelles Victoria Africa
Sierra Leone Freetown Africa
Singapore Singapore Asia
Slovakia Bratislava Europe
Slovenia Ljubljana Europe
Solomon Islands Honiara Oceania
Somalia Mogadishu Africa
South Africa Pretoria Africa
South Sudan Juba Africa
Spain Madrid Europe
Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte Asia
Sudan Khartoum Africa
Suriname Paramaribo America
Sweden Stockholm Europe
Switzerland Bern Europe
Syria Damascus Asia
Taiwan Taipei Asia
Tajikistan Dushanbe Asia
Tanzania Dodoma Africa
Thailand Bangkok Asia
Togo Lomé Africa
Tonga Nukualofa Oceania
Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain America
Tunisia Tunis Africa
Turkey Ankara Asia
Turkmenistan Ashgabat Asia
Tuvalu Funafuti Oceania
Uganda Kampala Africa
Ukraine Kiev Europe
United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Asia
United Kingdom London Europe
United States Washington D.C. America
Uruguay Montevideo America
Uzbekistan Tashkent Asia
Vanuatu Port Vila Oceania
Vatican City Vatican City Europe
Venezuela Caracas America
Vietnam Hanoi Asia
Yemen Sana’a Asia
Zambia Lusaka Africa
Zimbabwe Harare Africa

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FAQs: Countries and Their Capitals

Q.1 Where can I get the complete alphabetical list of Countries and their capitals?
Ans You can get the complete alphabetical list of Countries and their capitals in the article given above

Q.2 In which exams countries and their capitals are asked?
Ans Exams in which countries and their capitals are asked are SSC GCL, SSC CPO, SSC CHSL, SSC MTS, RO/ARO, SBI Clerk, IBPS Clerk, SBI PO, IBPS PO, RRB Clerk, RRB PO, Railways, Police exams, State PCS exams etc.

Q.3 Which continent is called white continent?
Ans Antarctica is called white continent

Q.4 The largest fresh water lake of the world is situated in which continent?
Ans Lake Superior which is the largest freshwater lake in the world is situated in the North American continent

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