Directions (1-5): In the following paragraph, there is a set of four highlighted words against each number indicated in bold in the beginning of the sentences. One word out of the given set of words may or may not fit into the statement. Choose the word which is not suitable in the context of the paragraph. If all the four words are correct and feasible, choose (e) i.e. “No error” as your answer.
(1) Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak’s recent comment praising the creativity of Indians was ill-informed at best. (2) since, his criticism about the absence of companies making big advances in technology is indisputably true, sizable companies like Infosys Ltd and Tata Consultancy Services Ltd (TCS) notwithstanding. (3) Out of the seven Indian companies only made it to 2017’s Fortune 500 list, three are private companies—Reliance Industries, Tata Motors and Rajesh Exports—and none is a tech company.The early stories of many tech companies feature a precocious geek who identifies a need and uses technology to create the revolutionary product.(4) Larry Page and Sergey Brin at Google and Bill Gates at Microsoft come to mind. Elon Musk at Tesla is cast in the same mould. (5) There are also companies like Dell Computers and Apple which don’t invent a new product line, but better served consumers by delivering cheaper or better-designed products.
(e) no error
(e) No error
(e) No error
(e) No error
(e) No error
Directions (6-10): Given below are sentences consisting of two blanks in each. Identify the most suitable alternative possessing the combination of the words that fails to make the sentence logical and meaningful.
Q6. The Integrated Agro-meteorological Advisory Service (IAAS) has been helping farmers _______________ income from crop production by _______________ them to cope with current, short-term climate-induced risk.
(a) maximise, assisting
(b) increase, helping
(c) escalate, aiding
(d) augment, succoring
(e) control, derogating
Q7. As computing power has grown, it has become easier to _____________information hidden inside datasets that seem totally _____________.
(a) uncover, unconnected
(b) discover, detached
(c) unveil, disconnected
(d) reveal, intelligence
(e) divulge, isolated
Q8. We are told to blend into uniformity, our walks, laughter, words measured so that they don’t _____________ the _____________ silence of our unexpressed desires.
(a) rupture, pervasive
(b) harmonize, narrow
(c) breach, extensive
(d) disrupt, prevalent
(e) sever, penetrating
Q9. Pre-election surveys were _____________ to know the problems that discouraged women from participating in the electoral process and to identify areas where _____________ were required.
(a) removed, collections
(b) conducted, interventions
(c) organized, interferences
(d) held, intercessions
(e) directed, mediations
Q10. Pricing strategies are programmed to _____________ profit over a long horizon and algorithms “learn” to behave _____________ on their own.
(a) maximise, collusively
(b) escalate, tricky
(c) increase, cunningly
(d) augment, crafty
(e) accumulate, resourceful
Directions (11-15): Given sentences are not in their exact position. Rearrange them to make a coherent paragraph and then answer the questions given below.
(A) Jean-Claude Juncker, president of the European Commission, has reportedly stated that the European Union would react “within a few days” in response to any action taken to protect the US steel industry.
(B)In its latest Union budget, the government of India has proposed to almost double its import duties on inter alia labour-intensive sectors, such as beauty aids, watches, toys, among others, to 20%.
(C) Similarly, a global tariff of at least 7.7% on all aluminum imports from all countries has been endorsed.
(D) The import restrictions have been made under the “national security” provision of US trade laws and are intended to increase domestic production.
(E)The US’ department of commerce has recently recommended a review of the policy on imports of steel and aluminum products.
(F) It has suggested a global tariff of at least 24% on all steel imports from all countries and a tariff of at least 53% from 12 countries, including India.
Q11. Considering statement (E) “The US’ department of commerce has recently recommended a review of the policy on imports of steel and aluminum products.” as the first sentence of the paragraph then which one among the following becomes the last sentence to make the paragraph coherent?
Q12. If statement (E) “The US’ department of commerce has recently recommended a review of the policy on imports of steel and aluminum products” is the first sentence of the paragraph then which among the following does not coherently relate to the paragraph after the rearrangement?
Q13. Which one of the following statements should consecutively follow statement (F)?
Q14. Which one of the following is the FOURTH statement of the paragraph after rearrangement?
Q15. Considering the statement (E) “The US’ department of commerce has recently recommended a review of the policy on imports of steel and aluminium products” as the first statement of the paragraph, choose the correct sequence of the paragraph after rearrangement.
Practice More Questions of English for Competitive Exams:
S1. Ans. (b)
Sol. The word ‘praising’ is incorrectly used in the paragraph as later, in the paragraph it has been described that the words of Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak’s were of criticism. Thus, the correct word required here is “doubting” or a word that should stand against Indians. All the other words given in bold are appropriate and fit suitably in each blank. As, the error is in option (b) it becomes the correct answer choice.
S2. Ans. (a)
Sol. The usage of ‘since’ makes the sentence of the paragraph contextually and grammatically incorrect. “since” can be used as an adverb, conjunction and preposition. It means ‘in the intervening period between (the time mentioned) and the time under consideration, typically the present’. Thus, the word ‘since’ fails to make the paragraph coherent. Therefore, the correct word required here is “but” which while acting as a preposition means ‘except; apart from; other than’. All the other words given in bold are relevant and fit aptly in each blank. As the error lies in option (a), it becomes the correct answer choice.
S3. Ans. (a)
Sol. Option (a) is the correct choice as the usage of the word “only” fails to provide meaning to the paragraph. In the latter part of the sentence the companies listed in Fortune 500 have been mentioned. Thus, it confirms the incorrect usage of “only”. “That” is a determiner used for referring to a specific thing previously mentioned, known, or understood. Therefore, the correct word required here is “that” as the name of the companies have been mentioned later. The other given words in bold are precise and make the paragraph coherent.
S4. Ans. (e)
Sol. All the given words in bold are grammatically and contextually correct and provide an absolute sense to the theme of the paragraph. Thus, the given words don’t require any replacement making option (e) the most viable choice.
S5. Ans. (b)
Sol. Option (b) is the correct choice. The sentence of the paragraph contains a grammatical error with the usage of “don’t” as the present tense of to do verb is “do”, however the context of the sentence in the paragraph is of the past, thus “don’t” should be replaced with its past form “didn’t” to make the sentence grammatically feasible. The other bold words are grammatically and contextually correct and don’t require any correction or replacement. Therefore, option (b) becomes the most suitable choice.
S6. Ans. (e)
Sol. Both the words of all the options except for option (e) makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. Therefore option (e) becomes the correct answer choice.
Envisages means contemplate or conceive of as a possibility or a desirable future event.
Conceptualizes means form a concept or idea of (something).
Allied means in combination or working together with.
Confederated means bring (states or groups of people) into an alliance.
Procured means obtain (something), especially with care or effort.
S7. Ans. (d)
Sol. All the combinations fit precisely in the given blanks except for option (d). However, in option (d) the first blank might get satisfied with the word “reveal” but the second word of option (d) i.e., “intelligence” doesn’t satisfy the second blank of the sentence. Therefore, option (d) is the correct choice.
Detached means separate or disconnected, in particular:
Unveil means show or announce publicly for the first time.
Divulge means make known (private or sensitive information).
S8. Ans. (b)
Sol. Only the words of option (b) fail to fill the blanks of the sentence meaningfully and logically. All the other words successfully make the sentence coherent.
Rupture means breach or disturb (a harmonious feeling or situation)
Pervasive means (especially of an unwelcome influence or physical effect) spreading widely throughout an area or a group of people
Harmonize means add notes to (a melody) to produce harmony.
Breach means an act of breaking or failing to observe a law, agreement, or code of conduct.
Sever means put an end to (a connection or relationship); break off.
S9. Ans. (a)
Sol. Option (a) is the correct choice. The words ‘removed’ and ‘collections’ do not fit into the blank aptly and fail to make the sentence meaningful and logical.
Interventions means the action or process of intervening.
Interferences means the action of interfering or the process of being interfered with
Intercessions means intervention in a dispute in order to resolve it; arbitration.
S10. Ans. (e)
Sol. Both the words of all the options except for option (e) make the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. Therefore option (e) becomes the correct answer choice.
Collusively means Acting in secret to achieve a fraudulent, illegal, or deceitful goal.
Escalate means make (something) greater by adding to it; increase.
Augment means make (something) greater by adding to it; increase.
Cunningly means in a clever and deceitful way.
Accumulate means gather together or acquire an increasing number or quantity of.
S11. Ans. (a)
Sol. As provided in the question, statement (E) is the first statement of the paragraph in which the US department’s recommendation on the review of import policies of aluminum and steel has been suggested. Sentence (E) and (F) forms a coherent pair as sentence (F) is conveying the facts brought out after the review of import policy. Sentence (C) is consecutively following sentence (F). Moreover, sentence (D) and (A) are forming a contextually logical pair. Thus, sentence (A) becomes the last sentence of the paragraph as it describes about the statement made by Jean-Claude Juncker, president of the European Commission on the import policies. However, sentence (B) fails to connect with the theme of the paragraph as it is describing about import duties levied in India in various sectors. Therefore, with the elimination of sentence (B) the sequence thus formed is EFCDA. Hence, option (a) becomes the most suitable answer choice.
S12. Ans. (d)
Sol. As statement (E) is the first sentence of the paragraph, it provides a hint for the theme of the paragraph which is about the import trade policies for steel and aluminum implemented by US. The sequence of the paragraph is EFCDA. Along with the first sentence i.e., statement (E) which states about the review on the policies of imports on steel and aluminum, all the other coherent statements also describe about the tariffs on steel and aluminum imports in US. Therefore, only option (d) i.e., statement (B) does not follow the theme of the paragraph as it is describing about the import duties levied by India in various sectors.
S13. Ans (c)
Sol. The sequence of the paragraph is EFCDA. Therefore, statement (C) follows statement (F) as statement (C) is further describing about the facts described in statement (F) about the import tariffs implemented in US. Thus, option (c) is the correct answer choice.
S14. Ans. (d)
Sol. The sequence of the paragraph is EFCDA. Therefore, option (d) is the correct choice.
S15. Ans. (d)
Sol. The correct sequence of the paragraph is EFCDA.