Is your DREAM to get selected in SBI Clerk 2020 recruitment? Well, then you must speed up your preparation as the Main exam which is the final step towards selection will soon be announced. So, students should utilize this time intelligently. The English Language is one of the subjects you’ll need to deal with and to help you keep your preparation up to the mark, here we provide you with a questionnaire of English Language to crack SBI Clerk Main. For other subjects, you can check the SBI Clerk Mains Study Plan.Directions (1-5): Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow the passage. Some words are highlighted to help you answer some of the questions.
For a few years after it opened its doors to the world in the 1970s, China was still a socialist economy, unused to the ways of the capitalist world. My friend, Stefan Messman, a professor at Central European University, Budapest, and an authority on socialist law, was a key member of a Volkswagen team that finalised a deal with China. He was astonished at the kind of barters that had to be negotiated to set up a car plant in a country that had no market economy at that time.China has come a long way since then. Today, it is unrecognisably capitalist, albeit with a communist face. In terms of purchasing power parity (PPP) it is the dominant economic power in the world, directly competing with the U.S. for supremacy in science and technology. India ranks third in PPP.
Rarely do we ask ourselves how a country that was no better off than India until the mid-1980s, and that suffered depredations under Communist Party Chairman Mao Zedong, has left India so far behind. Lacking good institutional mechanisms to understand China, Indians tend to fall for simplistic explanations such as, “We’re a democracy, China is not.” There is more to that country’s spectacular rise than just that one factor.
For all its vaunted institutions, the West is yet to get a grip on China, but it is constantly seeking to solve the riddle of China’s rise. For example, a recent issue of The Economist examined “How the West Got China Wrong”, and Foreign Affairs magazine attempted to fathom “how China hid its global ambitions” in an article titled “The Stealth Superpower”. Even as the West continues tosnarl at China, some of its best institutions and universities have collaborations with that country running into millions of dollars. Harvard University, for instance, has several ongoing programmes with the Chinese government as well as leading universities like Peking and Tsinghua in engineering, the sciences, management, environment, design and the humanities.
Since science and technology are powering China’s growth, we need to make sense of those by setting up well-funded, world-class interdisciplinary centres not just in universities like Jawaharlal Nehru University but also in the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) and the Indian Institutes of Technology which have the best technical and scientific minds in the country. Through these centres we should be able to arrive at our own in-depth understanding of China.
Q1. What does the author want India to do?
(a) Indian educational institutions do collaborations with the Chinese educational institutions.
(b) India should learn from China.
(c) India should have its own in-depth understanding of China
(d) Options (a) & (c)
(e) Options (a), (b) & (c)
Q2. What is the rank of the U.S. in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP) in the world?
Q3. Which of the following is/are the correct inference/s from the phrase ‘even as the West continues to snarl at China’?
(a) The nations in the West make angry remarks against China regularly.
(b) The nations in the West praise China regularly.
(c) The nations in the West ignore China.
(d) both (b) and (c)
(e) None of the above
Q4. Which of the followings are the aspects that author considers to be the reason(s) behind China’s growth?
(I) China under the rule of Communist Party Chairman Mao Zedong.
(II) Not having democracy
(III) Science and Technology
(a) Only (I)
(b) Only (II) and (III)
(c) Only (III)
(d) Only (I) and (III)
(e) All of (I), (II) and (III)
Q5. Which of the followings are the reason(s) for the desire of the author for India to have well-funded, world-class interdisciplinary centres in the best technical and scientific institutes of the nation?
(a) Such interdisciplinary centres in the mentioned institutes have the best technical and scientific minds to understand complicated concepts.
(b) Centres in such institutes would help in arriving at in-depth understanding of China.
(c) Such initiative would stop China’s economic growth.
(d) Options (a) & (b)
(e) None of the above
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