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Reasoning Ability Quiz For ECGC PO 2021- 18th February

Directions (1-5): Study the information carefully and answer the questions given below.
Eight students A, B, C, D, E, F, G, and H are sitting in a row facing north but not necessary in the same order. No two successive persons are sitting together according to alphabetical order. For Example: A does not sit with B; similarly, B does not sit with C and so on.
They also like different professions like Lawyer, Chemist, Geologist, Pharmacist, Engineer, Architect, Psychologist, and Dentist but not necessary in the same order. Either D or B sits at the extreme end of the row. A likes Dentist and sits second from the left end of the row. D sits third to left of one who likes Psychologist. B sits third to left of G, who likes Architect. G does not sit the extreme end of the line. The one who likes Engineer sits second to left of F. E does not sit any of the extreme end of the line. One of the immediate neighbors of B likes Pharmacist. F does not like Pharmacist. The one who likes Geologist sits second to right of one who likes Lawyer.

Q1. Who among the following student is sitting third to the right of one who likes Pharmacist?
(a) E
(b) G
(c) C
(d) B
(e) F

Q2. How many students sit between D and E?
(a) One
(b) Two
(c) Three
(d) More than three
(e) None of these

Q3. D likes which of the following professions?
(a) Engineer
(b) Geologist
(c) Lawyer
(d) Pharmacist
(e) None of these

Q4. Who among following sits immediate left of B?
(a) A
(b) The one who likes Geologist
(c) H
(d) The one who likes Architect.
(e) F

Q5. Who among following likes Pharmacist?
(a) D
(b) A
(c) F
(d) B
(e) H

Directions (6-10): In each of the questions below are given some statements followed by some conclusions. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read all the Conclusions and then decide which of the given Conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

Q6. Statements:
Only Purple are Green.
Some Purple are Yellow.
Only a few White are Yellow.
Conclusions:
I. Some White is Purple is a possibility
II. Some Yellow is Green is a possibility
III. No Green is White is a possibility
(a) Only I follows
(b) Only II follows
(c) Both I and III follow
(d) Only III follows
(e) None follows

Q7. Statements:
No Canvas is Paint.
Only a few Paint is Colour.
All Canvas is River.
Conclusions:
I. All Colour is River is a possibility
II. All Paint is colour is a possibility
III. No Canvas is colour
(a) Only I follows
(b) Only II and III follow
(c) Only I and III follow
(d) Only I and II follow
(e) None of these

Q8. Statements:
All Happy are Good.
All Good are Smile.
No Lucky are Good.
Conclusions:
I. Some Lucky are Smile
II. Some Lucky is Happy
III. No Smile are Lucky
(a) Only I follows
(b) Only II follows
(c) Only III follows
(d) Either I or III follow
(e) None of these

Q9. Statements:
Only a few Cave are house.
All house is building.
No Hut are building.
Conclusions:
I. Some House is Hut is a possibility
II. All Hut is Cave is a possibility
III. All Cave is House is a possibility
(a) Only I follows
(b) Only II follows
(c) Only III follows
(d) Only I and II follow
(e) None of these

Q10. Statements:
Some Public are Group.
Only Public are Nation.
No Policy is Group.
Conclusions:
I. No Public is Policy
II. All Policy are Public is a possibility
III. Some Nation are Policy is a possibility
(a) Only I and III follow
(b) Only II follows
(c) Either I or III follow
(d) Only III follows
(e) None of these

Directions (11-15): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.

In number arrangement machine when given an input line of numbers, it rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.
Input:  75  16  56  25  48  31  64  97  22  57
Step I: 52  75  56   48  31  64  97  22  57  17
Step II: 13  52  75  56  48  64  97  57  17  23
Step III: 75  13  52  75  56  64  97  17  23  49
Step IV: 57  75  13  52  64  97  17  23  49  57
Step V: 79  57  75  13  52  17  23  49  57  65
And step V is the last step of the arrangement.
As per the above rule followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the input given below;

Input: 86  14  53  24  45  17  32  27  74  93

Q11. Which of the following is the last step of above input?
(a) III
(b) VI
(c) IV
(d) V
(e) None of these

Q12. Which is the following step?
Step: 54 72 71 86 53 74 93 15 25 33
(a) VI
(b) III
(c) IV
(d) V
(e) There is no such step

Q13. What is 4th element from right end in Step IV?
(a) 15
(b) 71
(c) 86
(d) 93
(e) 54

Q14. Which of the following elements lies exactly between 71 and 32 in step II?
(a) 15
(b) 86
(c) 53
(d) 25
(e) 74

Q15. Which of the following is the fifth step for input?
(a) 39 15 25 33 75 87 35 54 72 71
(b) 39 35 25 33 75 87 54 72 71 15
(c) 39 72 71 15 25 33 35 54 75 87
(d) 71 15 25 33 75 87 39 35 54 72
(e) 39 35 54 72 71 15 25 33 75 87

Practice More Questions of Reasoning for Competitive Exams:

ECGC PO Study Plan 2021

Solutions

Solutions (11-15):
Sol.
In this input output question two numbers are arranged in each step following a certain pattern.  Let us understand the logic behind it-
* Even numbers are arranged at the right end, from left to right in ascending order after adding one in each number.
* Odd numbers are arranged at the left end, from right to left in ascending order after the digits are interchanged within the number.

Input: 86  14  53  24  45  17  32  27  74  93
Step I: 71  86  53  24  45  32  27  74  93  15
Step II: 72  71  86  53  45  32  74  93  15  25
Step III: 54  72  71  86  53  74  93  15  25  33
Step IV: 35  54  72  71  86  93  15  25  33  75
Step V: 39  35  54  72  71  15  25  33  75  87

S11. Ans.(d)

S12. Ans.(b)

S13. Ans.(a)

S14. Ans.(c)

S15. Ans.(e)

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