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# Tips & Tricks Of Syllogism Reasoning For Competitive Exam

Syllogism is one of the core topics of banking exams which is asked both in the prelims as well as the mains examination. These questions are generally not that easy to attempt. If that was the case everybody would be more than happy to attempt these questions. The real hindrance to solving these types of questions is that it consumes a lot of time thus sparing a very less time for other topics of the reasoning section. If done using a right strategy, syllogism can make or break your sectional cutoffs. In this article, we will provide some handy tips and tricks of syllogism reasoning for competitive exam.

## Tips & Tricks Of Syllogism Reasoning For Competitive Exam: Concept Of Syllogism

The concept of syllogism is simple and is based on the logical ability of a candidate. You are not expected to assume things based on your common belief. Instead, there are certain rules that you must follow while solving this topic. We solve this by doing the visual representation of the statements and then marking the answer following them. This visual representation is known as venn diagram. Given below are the how we represent certain relationships.

Rule 1- All A are B, as per this rule all the elements of the first are put inside the second element.

In this case, first element is the subset of the second element. Representing it by venn diagram, the pattern consists of a circle representing A, lying within a circle representing B

Conclusion- Some B are A

Some A are B

Rule 2- No A are B, this just shows that there is no relationship between the two elements

In this case A is not associated with B. Representing it by venn diagram, the pattern consists of a circle representing  not intersecting the circle representing B

Conclusion-  No B is A

Rule 3- Some A are B, this implies that some of the elements of A are part of some of the element of B

This is a case of possibility. In this type of case, the first element is having some part in common with the second element. Representing it by venn diagram, the pattern consists of a circle representing A partially overlapping the circle representing B. The remaining portion of circle A is uncertain whether this portion touches B or not.

Conclusion- The conclusions we may get from the pattern forming in such case are based on possibility and only one or few out of them will be following the statement

Some A are not B

All A are B

All B are A

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Rule 4- Some A are not B, this implies that some of the elements of A are not B.

In this type of questions, first element is having some part which is not common with the second element representing it by venn diagram. The pattern consists of a circle representing A having atleast some part that is not overlapping the circle representing B. The remaining A is uncertain whether this portion touches B or not.

Conclusion- conclusions we may get from the above pattern are based on possibility and only one or few out of them will be following the statement

Some A are not B

All A are B

All B are A

All A are not B and All B are not A

Another important rule in syllogism is to never assume anything by your own until and unless it is not given or mentioned. You will come across to certain statements that will not be coherent with the day today known facts but you have to work on those statement with your logical reasoning and not with your general awareness.

## Tips & Tricks Of Syllogism Reasoning For Competitive Exam: Statements & Conclusions

In this series of tips & tricks of syllogism reasoning for competitive exam we are providing below the types of statements and conclusions you will come across in the examination

Given below are the statement type you will come across to in Syllogism:

Type 1: All A are B

Type 2: No A is B

Type 3: Some A are B

Type 4: Some A are not B

Given below is the Conclusion Type:

Type 1: All A are B

Type 2: No A are B

Type 3: Some A are B

Type 4: Some A are not B

Type 5: All A are B is a possibilities

Type 6: All A are not B is a possibilities

Type 7: At least some A areB

## Rules For Possibility Syllogism Questions

Here we have provided below the rules of possibility so keep reading the tips & tricks of syllogism reasoning for competitive exam.

• If All A is B then some B is not A is a possibility
• If some B is not A then All A are B is a possibility
• If some A is B then All A is B is a possibility & All B are A is a possibility
• The conclusion is only correct if it satisfies all possibilities.

## Tips & Tricks Of Syllogism Reasoning For Competitive Exam: Types of conclusion in syllogism

There are mainly three types of conclusion in syllogism as given below:

1. Positive- where we are 100% sure.
2. Negative- In this, we are sure that it doesn’t
3. Possibility- In this we are not 100% sure but Possible case may occur. In syllogism, a conclusion which is not 100% sure, it’s possibilities can happen i.e we are doubtful in saying it but the possibility may occur

You can understand this topic better by solving some questions by your own. Given below is the PDF you can download and practice

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