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Syllogism is one of the basic topics of the Reasoning Ability section. The questions of Syllogism are asked mostly in the prelims exam of banking but we can expect 12 questions in the mains examination also. In syllogism, certain statements are given and candidates have to derive a conclusion from them. It tests the logical reasoning of an aspirant. To have a firm grip on the topic of syllogism candidates must know its basics and follow some tips and tricks to solve the questions at the earliest. One needs to have the right strategy and then one can score easily on the topic of syllogism. In this article, we have provided some tips and tricks for syllogism that will be helpful for any competitive exam.
Tips & Tricks Of Syllogism Reasoning For Competitive Exam: Concept Of Syllogism
The concept of syllogism is simple and is based on the logical ability of a candidate. You are not expected to assume things based on your common belief. Instead, there are certain rules that you must follow while solving this topic. We solve this by doing the visual representation of the statements and then marking the answer following them. This visual representation is known as venn diagram. Given below are the how we represent certain relationships.
Rule 1 All A are B, as per this rule all the elements of the first are put inside the second element.
In this case, first element is the subset of the second element. Representing it by venn diagram, the pattern consists of a circle representing A, lying within a circle representing B
Conclusion Some B are A
Some A are B
Rule 2 No A are B, this just shows that there is no relationship between the two elements
In this case A is not associated with B. Representing it by venn diagram, the pattern consists of a circle representing not intersecting the circle representing B
Conclusion No B is A
Rule 3 Some A are B, this implies that some of the elements of A are part of some of the element of B
This is a case of possibility. In this type of case, the first element is having some part in common with the second element. Representing it by venn diagram, the pattern consists of a circle representing A partially overlapping the circle representing B. The remaining portion of circle A is uncertain whether this portion touches B or not.
Conclusion The conclusions we may get from the pattern forming in such case are based on possibility and only one or few out of them will be following the statement
Some A are not B
All A are B
All B are A
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Rule 4 Some A are not B, this implies that some of the elements of A are not B.
In this type of questions, first element is having some part which is not common with the second element representing it by venn diagram. The pattern consists of a circle representing A having atleast some part that is not overlapping the circle representing B. The remaining A is uncertain whether this portion touches B or not.
Conclusion conclusions we may get from the above pattern are based on possibility and only one or few out of them will be following the statement
Some A are not B
All A are B
All B are A
All A are not B and All B are not A
Another important rule in syllogism is to never assume anything by your own until and unless it is not given or mentioned. You will come across to certain statements that will not be coherent with the day today known facts but you have to work on those statement with your logical reasoning and not with your general awareness.
Tips & Tricks Of Syllogism Reasoning For Competitive Exam: Statements & Conclusions
In this series of tips & tricks of syllogism reasoning for competitive exam we are providing below the types of statements and conclusions you will come across in the examination
Given below are the statement type you will come across to in Syllogism:
Type 1: All A are B
Type 2: No A is B
Type 3: Some A are B
Type 4: Some A are not B
Given below is the Conclusion Type:
Type 1: All A are B
Type 2: No A are B
Type 3: Some A are B
Type 4: Some A are not B
Type 5: All A are B is a possibilities
Type 6: All A are not B is a possibilities
Type 7: At least some A areB
Rules For Possibility Syllogism Questions
Here we have provided below the rules of possibility so keep reading the tips & tricks of syllogism reasoning for competitive exam.
 If All A is B then some B is not A is a possibility
 If some B is not A then All A are B is a possibility
 If some A is B then All A is B is a possibility & All B are A is a possibility
 The conclusion is only correct if it satisfies all possibilities.
Tips & Tricks Of Syllogism Reasoning For Competitive Exam: Types of conclusion in syllogism
There are mainly three types of conclusion in syllogism as given below:
 Positive where we are 100% sure.
 Negative In this, we are sure that it doesn’t
 Possibility In this we are not 100% sure but Possible case may occur. In syllogism, a conclusion which is not 100% sure, it’s possibilities can happen i.e we are doubtful in saying it but the possibility may occur
You can understand this topic better by solving some questions by your own. Given below is the PDF you can download and practice
Click Here To Download The Syllogism PDF Questions
Click Here To Download The Syllogism PDF Solution
FAQs: Syllogism Reasoning Tricks & Tips For Competitive Exam
Q.1 What are some of the tricks and tips of syllogism for competitive exam?
Ans. Some of the tricks and tips of syllogism for competitive exam is discussed above in the article.
Q.2 Is syllogism asked in both prelims and mains exams of banking?
Ans. Yes, syllogism is asked in both prelims and mains exam of banking.
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Tips & Tricks Of Syllogism Reasoning For Competitive Exam in Hindi