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Target 30+ in General Awareness : Pension System in India

Pension is old age security. Presently organized sector had a pension system in place, but recently there are many schemes were launched to address the unorganized sector of the society.

What are the various schemes for the pension of various sectors of society?

  1. National pension system
  2. Employees Pension Scheme (EPS)
  3. Atal pension system
  4. Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maan Dhan Yojana
  5. National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP)
  6. Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana (PMVVY)
  7. Donate a Pension’ Scheme
  8. Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maan-dhan (PM-SYM) Yojana
  9. Pradhan Mantri Laghu Vyapari Maan Dhaan Yojana

Now let’s see the important facts about the schemes

National Pension scheme:

  • It was launched in 2004 for government employees. However, in 2009, it was opened to all sections.
  • It is a government-sponsored pension scheme
  • The Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority(PFRDA) implements and regulates this scheme
  • NPS can be subscribed to by any Indian citizen (resident/non-resident/overseas) aged between 18-70 years on a voluntary basis. 
  • The National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL) is acting as the Central Record keeper for the NPS
  • The subscriber will be allotted a unique PRAN which is portable and can be used from any location in India

Employees Pension Scheme (EPS)

  • It is a social security scheme that was launched in 1995 by the EPFO (Employee Provident Fund Organization). 
  • It makes provisions for pensions for the employees in the organized sector after retirement at the age of 58 years.
  • The benefits of the scheme can be availed only if the employee has provided a service for at least 10 years 
  • A minimum pension of Rs. 1000/- per month to the member/disabled/widow/widower/ parent/nominee pensioners and Rs. 250/- per month for children pensioners and Rs. 750/- per month to orphan pensioners.
  • Contribution to EPS: An employee contributes 12% of his/her pay towards the EPF account. A matching contribution is also made by the employer. 8.33% of the employee’s pay is remitted by the employer to EPS. The Central Government also contributes at the rate of 1.16 percent of the pay of the members to the Employees’ Pension Scheme.

Atal pension system

  • It was launched in 2015
  • To address the longevity risks among the workers in unorganized sector and to encourage the workers in unorganized sector to voluntarily save for their retirement
  • Eligibility Criteria
    • It is open to all bank account holders aged between 18-40 years. 
    • The focus will be on unorganized sector workers. 
    • Should make contributions for a minimum of 20 years.
    • Implementing Agency: Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) through National Pension System (NPS) architecture Additional Information. 
    • Note: The existing subscribers of the Swavalamban Scheme would be automatically migrated to APY unless they opt-out.
  • Latest update : As per information received from Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA), 4,31,86,423 subscribers have been enrolled under Atal Pension Yojana (APY) up to 21.07.2022

Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maan Dhan Yojana

  • It was launched in 2019 
  • The scheme meant for old age protection and social security of Small and Marginal Farmers 
  • Eligibility Criteria 
    1. Only for Small and Marginal Farmers (SMFs) 
    2. Entry age between 18 to 40 years 
    3. Cultivable land up to 2 hectares as per land records of the concerned State/UT
  • It is a Central Sector Scheme. 
  • A fixed pension of Rs 3000 will be provided to all eligible SMFs. 
  • It is a voluntary and contribution-based pension scheme. 
  • Farmers will have to contribute an amount between Rs 55 to Rs 200 per month to the Pension Fund till they reach the retirement date i.e., the age of 60 years

National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP)

  • Launch Year: 1995
  • Aim To provide financial assistance to the elderly, widows, and persons with disabilities in the form of social pensions. The beneficiary must be from the BPL category
  • It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme.
  • It is being implemented in rural as well as urban areas.
  • There are five different schemes being implemented as a part of NSAP. 
    • Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS): Monthly pension of Rs 200 for Age- 60- 79 people from BPL, RS 500 For 80 and above
    • Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme (IGNWPS): Monthly pension of Rs 300 to age 40 to 79 widows of BPL category, Rs 500 for age 80 and above
    • Indira Gandhi National Disability Pension Scheme (IGNDPS): Any disabled person whose age is more than 18 years, and with a 40% disability belonging to the poverty line can apply for this scheme. A sum of Rs. 300 is paid as a pension for people up to the age of 79 and a sum of Rs. 500 is applicable for people above 79 years.
  • National Family Benefit Scheme (NFBS):  provides one-time lump sum cash assistance of Rs. 20,000 to families living below the poverty line on the death of the primary bread-earner between the age group of 18-59. The objective of the scheme is to ensure social security for the households living below the poverty line.
  • Annapurna: Under this scheme, 10 Kg of food grains are distributed per month free of cost to destitute above the age of 65 years with no or meager subsistence.

Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana (PMVVY):

  • The launch year is 2017
  • Pension Scheme announced by the Government of India exclusively for the senior citizens aged 60 years and above which was available The scheme is now extended up to 31st March 2023 for a further period of three years beyond 31st March 2020.
  • Eligibility criteria:
  1. Minimum Entry Age: 60 years (completed)
  2. Maximum Entry Age: No limit
  3. Policy Term: 10 years
  4. Investment limit: Rs 15 lakh per senior citizen
    • Minimum Pension: Rs. 1,000/- per month
    • Maximum Pension: Rs. 9,250/- per month

Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maan-dhan (PM-SYM) Yojana

  • Launch year: 2019
  • PM-SYM is a Central Sector Scheme administered by the Ministry of Labour and Employment and implemented through the Life Insurance Corporation of India and Community Service Centers (CSCs)LIC will be the Pension Fund Manager and responsible for Pension payout.
  • The unorganized workers (home-based workers, street vendors, mid-day meal workers, head loaders, landless laborers, and similar other occupations) whose monthly income is Rs 15,000/ per month or less.
  • The Subscriber: entry age group of 18-40 years.
  • The subscriber will be required to have a mobile phone, savings bank account, and Aadhaar number.
  • They should not be covered under New Pension Scheme (NPS), the Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) scheme, or the Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO).
  • He/She should not be an income taxpayer.
  • Minimum Assured Pension: Each subscriber shall receive a minimum assured pension of Rs 3000/- per month after attaining the age of 60 years.

Donate a Pension’ Scheme

  • The launch year is 2022
  • Is to extend the benefits of the Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maan-Dhan (PM-SYM) pension scheme to the unorganized workers, the Government has taken the Donate-a-Pension initiative
  • The donation amount for a year amounts to a minimum of Rs. 660/ and a maximum of up to Rs 2400/- depending on the age of the beneficiary. The people/employers can donate on or by visiting the nearest Common Service Centre. 

Pradhan Mantri Laghu Vyapari Maan Dhaan Yojana

  • Launch year : 2019
  • It is a voluntary and contribution-based central sector scheme.
  • The government launched the scheme, entailing a monthly minimum assured pension of  ₹3,000 for the entry age group of 18-40 years after attaining the age of 60 years
  • Under the scheme, the government makes matching contributions to the subscribers’ accounts.
  • The scheme is based on self-declaration as no documents are required except a bank account and Aadhaar Card.
  • Eligibility:
  1. All small shopkeepers, self-employed persons and retail traders aged between 18-40 years and with Goods and Service Tax (GST) turnover below Rs.1.5 crore can enroll in the pension scheme.
  2. To be eligible, the applicants should not be covered under the National Pension Scheme, Employees’ State Insurance Scheme, and the Employees’ Provident Fund or be an Income Tax assessee.

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