The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary- Groundbreaking | 7 August

The Hindu Editorial Article of 7 August 2020 – Groundbreaking.

Groundbreaking (adjective) अभूतपूर्व
Meaning:- innovative; pioneering.
Synonyms:- innovative,revolutionary
Antonyms:- conservative
Example:- This was a time of many innovations and groundbreaking scientific theories.

Underway (adverb) प्रक्रिया में
Meaning:- having started and in progress; being done or carried out.
Synonyms:- afoot, ongoing
Antonyms:- halted, stopped
Example:- In fact, a movement is now underway to raise the means to do that.

Interpret (verb) व्याख्या
Meaning:- explain the meaning of (information or actions).
Synonyms:- clarify, construe, decipher, depict
Antonyms:- confuse, disbelieve, mix up
Example:- It seeks to use it to interpret a change in its own plans and point of view.

Perceived (verb) समझना
Meaning:-become aware or conscious of (something); come to realize or understand.
Synonyms:- anticipated, recognized, felt
Example:- Plato perceived that the contemplative maiden was busy with memories of the past.

Ascendancy (noun) प्रभुत्व
Meaning:-occupation of a position of dominant power or influence.
Synonyms:- dominance, advantage, ascendency
Antonyms:- disadvantage, inferiority
Example:- The arts, as well as the arms of the enemy, were gaining the ascendancy there.

Strife (noun) कलह
Meaning:- angry or bitter disagreement over fundamental issues; conflict.
Synonyms:- animosity, bickering, clash, conflict
Antonyms:- accord, agreement, concurrence
Example:- A strife of interests masquerading as a contest of principles.

Shackle (verb) बांधकर
Meaning:- restrain; limit.
Synonyms:- handcuff, irons, bracelet
Example:- Did I make them, I would not attempt to shackle the conscience of any one.

Heralds (noun) सूचना देना
Meaning:- a person or thing viewed as a sign that something is about to happen.
Synonyms:- adviser, bearer, courier
Example:- It thinks that the Herald is not the leading paper, though it may have Ben-it.

Dawn (verb) भोर
Meaning:- become evident to the mind; be perceived or understood.
Synonyms:- dawning, daybreak, daylight
Antonyms:- darkness, sunset, conclusion
Example:- Light of some sort began to dawn on the perplexed faces of the gentlemen.

Fraternity (noun) भ्रातृत्व
Meaning:- a group of people sharing a common profession or interests.
Synonyms:- camaraderie, guild, sorority
Example:- We sense the call of the human heart for fellowship, fraternity, and cooperation.

Yearned (verb) उदास होना
Meaning:-have an intense feeling of longing for something, typically something that one has lost or been separated from.
Synonyms:- ache, chafe, covet, crave
Antonyms:- abjure, dislike, hate
Example:- I like to have a chance of refusing an invitation I yearn for, and then be forced to accept.

Tumultuous (adjective) उतार-चढ़ाव भरे
Meaning:- excited, confused, or disorderly.
Synonyms:- boisterous, fierce. hectic
Antonyms:- calm, gentle
Example:- Bonnet, false front, and spectacles were tossed in a tumultuous pile.

Hand over (phrasal verb) सौंप दिया
Meaning:- pass responsibility to someone else.
Synonyms:- abandon, cede, deliver
Antonyms:- defend, fight, hold
Example:- Carlotta waited, her hand over her mouth to keep herself from screaming.

Proponents (noun) समर्थकों
Meaning:- a person who advocates a theory, proposal, or course of action.
Synonyms:- advocate, backer, defender
Antonyms:- antagonist, detractor
Example:- Proponents of the Ancien Régime.Dynasties (divine right monarchs).

Conciliation (noun) समझौता
Meaning:-the action of stopping someone being angry; placation.
Synonyms:- appeasement, rapprochement
Example:- Major Dugas’ policy of conciliation had won personal regard.

Conquest (noun) विजय
Meaning:-the subjugation and assumption of control of a place or people by military force.
Synonyms:- annexation, invasion, occupation, rout
Antonyms:- surrender, failure, forfeit
Example:- Every body saw, he was pleased to say, that I had made a conquest.

Diatribe (noun) अभियोगात्मक भाषण
Meaning:- a forceful and bitter verbal attack against someone or something.
Synonyms:- denunciation, invective, jeremiad
Antonyms:- compliment, praise, recommendation
Example:- Jill had listened to this diatribe with a certain uneasiness.

Tranquility (noun) शांति
Meaning:- the quality or state of being tranquil; calm.
Synonyms:- calm, calmness, coolness, equanimity
Antonyms:- agitation, upset
Example:- He did belong to somebody, after all; and Stineli’s words had restored his tranquility.

Triumphalism (noun) विजय
Meaning:- excessive exultation over one’s success or achievements (used especially in a political context).

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Article from- The Hindu Editorial

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Manifest (verb) प्रकट
Meaning:- show (a quality or feeling) by one’s acts or appearance; demonstrate.
Synonyms:- glaring, palpable, unambiguous
Antonyms:- hidden, ambiguous
Example:- He was besides too proud to manifest his interest in the special contents of this letter.

Rhetoric (noun) वक्रपटुता
Meaning:- the art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing, especially the exploitation of figures of speech and other compositional techniques.
Synonyms:- hyperbole, oratory, address
Antonyms:- quiet, conciseness
Example:- We see therefore that even in rhetoric an element of truth is required.

Ominously (adverb) दुर्लक्षण द्वारा
Meaning:- in a way that suggests that something bad is going to happen.

Adherence (noun) अनुपालन
Meaning:- attachment or commitment to a person, cause, or belief.
Synonyms:- attachment, faithfulness
Antonyms:- disloyalty, inconstancy
Example:- The reservations placed upon our adherence should not be misinterpreted.

Vulnerable (adjective) चपेट में
Meaning:- exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally.
Synonyms:- accessible, defenseless, exposed, liable
Antonyms:- guarded, protected
Example:- If we permit our economy to drift and decline, the vulnerable will suffer most.

Echo (verb) दोहराया जाना
Meaning:- repeat (someone’s words or opinions), typically to express agreement.
Synonyms:- imitation, parallel, reflection
Antonyms:- difference, opposite, reverse
Example:- Too much that Tillie poured out to her found an echo in her own breast.

Tropes (noun) खीस्तयाग
Meaning:- a significant or recurrent theme; a motif.
Synonyms:- analogy, image
Antonyms:- plain speech
Example:- You must listen to the definition of a catachresis:—’A catachresis is the boldest of any trope.

Relitigating (transitive verb)
Meaning:-to litigate (a case or a matter) again or anew

Unearth (verb) पता लगाना
Meaning:- find (something) in the ground by digging.
Synonyms:- ascertain, bring to light, determine, discover
Antonyms:- conceal, cover
Example:- He knew every corner of it, and he intended to unearth Meg and the children if they were to be found.

Melting pot (noun) भिन्न-भिन्न विचारों पर चर्चा की स्थिति
Meaning:- a place where different peoples, styles, theories, etc. are mixed together.
Synonyms:- fusion, pluralism
Example:- What is left is simply a lot of dirty combs fit only for the melting pot.

Acrimonious (adjective) उग्र
Meaning:- (typically of speech or discussion) angry and bitter.
Synonyms:- belligerent, bitter, caustic, petulant
Antonyms:- happy, helping, kind
Example:- Terry, after some acrimonious correspondence, challenged Broderick.

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