The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary- No Right Answer |21 July

The Hindu Editorial Article of 21st July 2020 – No Right Answer.

Epidemiological (adjective) महामारी विज्ञान
Meaning:- relating to the branch of medicine which deals with the incidence, distribution, and control of diseases.
Example:- The decision to reopen schools must be guided primarily by epidemiological evidence

Pose (verb) किसी विशिष्ट स्थिति में बैठना
Meaning:- present or constitute (a problem or danger).
Synonyms:- arrange, model
Antonyms:-be genuine, go
Example:- The course of the COVID19 pandemic remains far from predictable, posing for the Central government the dilemma

Salvage (verb) उबार
Meaning:- retrieve or preserve (something) from potential loss or adverse circumstances.
Synonyms:- reclaim, recover, redeem
Antonyms:- abandon, forfeit, lose
Example:- the dilemma of salvaging part of the school academic year

Skew (verb) डरना
Meaning:- twist or turn or cause to do this.
Synonyms:- alter, bias, misrepresent
Antonyms:- maintain, straighten
Example:- The alternative, of remote and online learning opportunities, is skewed by economic status and geography

Calibrated (adjective) जांच करना
Meaning:- carefully assessed, set, or adjusted.
Synonyms:- graded, measured
Example:- The issue of reopening schools in a calibrated manner

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Article from- The Hindu Editorial

Ostensibly (adverb) जाहिरा तौर पर
Meaning:- as appears or is stated to be true, though not necessarily so; apparently.
Synonyms:- evidently, officially, seemingly
Antonyms:- improbably, obscurely, unlikely
Example:- reduction of the syllabus load for Classes 9 to 12 by 30%, although this ostensibly supportive decision has become controversial

Federalism (noun) संघवाद
Meaning:- It is a mixed or compound mode of government that combines a general government (the central or “federal” government) with regional governments (provincial, state, cantonal, territorial or other sub-unit governments) in a single political system.
Synonyms:- unionism, unitarianism, republicanism
Example:- democratic rights, federalism, citizenship, and secularism, to name a few.

Discernible (adjective) प्रत्यक्ष
Meaning:- able to be discerned; perceptible.
Synonyms:- apparent, appreciable
Antonyms:-ambiguous, doubtful, dubious
Example:- There is a discernible trend of diminishing basic rights as a necessary sacrifice to fight the pandemic.

Stunt (verb) प्रचार-साधन
Meaning:- prevent from growing or developing properly.
Synonyms:- antic, feat, sketch
Antonyms:- failure
Example:- These topics can only stunt social development.

Vet (verb) जाँचना
Meaning:- make a careful and critical examination of (something).
Synonyms:- pro, veteran
Antonyms:- amateur, greenhorn
Example:- Such decisions should be vetted by academic experts.

Fiat (noun) व्यवस्थापत्र
Meaning:- a formal authorization or proposition; a decree.
Synonyms:- authorization, command, decree
Antonyms:-denial, disapproval
Example:- not imposed by bureaucratic fiat.

Precede (verb) पूर्वकालीन होना
Meaning:- come before (something) in time.
Synonyms:- anticipate, foreshadow, predate
Antonyms:- end, finish, follow
Example:- containment in the community has to precede school reopening.

Iniquity (noun) अधर्म
Meaning:- immoral or grossly unfair behavior.
Synonyms:- abomination, baseness, crime
Antonyms:- morality, right, virtue
Example:- as a society that has severe iniquities.

Disruption (noun) विघटन
Meaning:- disturbance or problems which interrupt an event, activity, or process.
Synonyms:- interruption, break, separation
Example:- future disruptions cannot be ruled out.

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